Native Plants

Microsorum scolopendria

Paku Wangi
Least Concern
Malaysia Plant Red List
Peninsular Malaysia ver 3.1, 2021
Least Concern
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 42951
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  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Specific Epithet
    scolopendria (Burm. f.) Copel.
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
The taxonomic status is pending for approval



Microsorum scolopendria is a type of epiphytic fern that belongs to the family Polypodiaceae. It is known as Paku wangi in Malay. From the vernacular name, this fern has a fragrant smell because its fronds contain coumarin. The diameter of the rhizomes is measured around 8 mm. The fronds are simple or pinnatifid. The sori are separate, round or elongate, deeply sunken and visible as protrusions on the upper surface of the leaves. The species epithet is derived from the Greek word, which means millipede.

Paku wangi is distributed in the Old World tropics from Africa, Sri Lanka, Indo-China to S. China and throughout Malesia to Australia and the Pacific Island. It is commonly found growing in coastal forests or rocky coasts, oil palm trees, rain trees and on the ground, sometimes from limestone hills. The conservation status of this fern is Least Concern in Peninsular Malaysia (Hovenkamp, 2013).


  Part Habit
Epiphyte   —   Growing on another organism but not parasitic. Not growing on the ground.
One of the commonest lowland epiphytes on old trees, particularly in coastal forests or rocky coasts, as well as on oil palm and rain trees, also on the ground in open and fully exposed places, occasionally from limestone hills where it can be abundant on exposed summits; from sea level to c. 800 m altitude


No Description Suitability Seasonality
Forest → Lowland Dipterocarp Forest (Malayan, Burmese)
Unknown Unknown
Vegetation → Coastal Vegetation
Unknown Unknown
References :


Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2021 Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
Peninsular Malaysia
2013 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)


by State Location
  • Johore 2
  • Kedah 1
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Perak 1
  • Perlis 1
  • Terengganu 3
Based on publications, specimens, and images


  1. Kiew, R., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Ong, P.T., Kamin, I., Aliaa-Athirah, A.M. & Rafidah, A.R. (2019). Distribution and Conservation Implications of Limestone Plant Species in FELDA Chiku Limestone Flora, Kelantan, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 31 (1), 19-36
  2. Senterre, B., Chew, M.Y. & Chung, R.C.K. (2015). Flora and vegetation of Pulau Babi Tengah, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia. Check List: The Journal of Biodiversity Data 11 (4), 1-15
  1. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  2. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  3. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  4. Hamdan, O., Tariq Mubarak, H. & Parlan, I. (2020). Status of Mangroves in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 288.
  5. Jamilah, M.S. & Faridah, M. (2011). A Biological Assessment of Jambu Bongkok Forest Reserve, Terengganu and Nearby Ecosystem. Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia. pp. 1-84.
  6. Mohammad Khairi, A (2007). Taman Negara Pulau Pinang: Sinar Mutiara Belantara. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  7. Parris, B.S., Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K. & Saw, L.G. (2013). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Series I:Ferns and Lycophytes, Volume 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 1-243.
  8. Piggott, A.G. (1988). Ferns of Malaysia in Colour. Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 458.
  9. Shaharuddin, M.I., Che, H.H., Mohd. Puat, Dahalan, Jalil, M.S., Norhaidi, Y. & Latiff, A. (2005). Hutan Simpan Ulu Muda, Kedah: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal Dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 310.
  10. Shaharuddin, M.I., Azahar, M., Razani, U., Kamaruzaman, A.B., Lim, K.L., Suhaili, R., Jalil, M.S. & Latiff, A. (2005). Sustainable Management of Matang Mangroves: 100 Years and Beyond. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 531.
  11. Yong, W.S.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Lau, K.H., Siti-Nur Fatinah, K., Cheah, Y.H., Yao, T.L., Rafidah, A.R., Lim, C.L., Syahida-Emiza, S., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Nor-Ezzawanis, A.T., Chew, M.Y., Siti Munirah, M.Y., Julius, A., Phoon, S.N., Sam, Y.Y., Nadiah, I., Ong, P.T., Sarah Nabila, R., Suhaida, M., Muhammad-Alif Azyraf, A., Siti Eryani, S., Yap, J.W., Jutta, M., Azeman, S., Salleh, N., Kiew, R. & Chung, R.C.K. (2021). Malaysia Red List: Plants of Peninsular Malaysia, Volume 1, Issue/No. 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 316, 753.
Chapter in book
  1. Jamilah, M.S., Muhamad Razali, S., Norhayati, Y., Kasawami, I., Nursalwa, B., Aziz, A. & Ahmad Farid, A.F. (2011). Brief Floristic Descriptions of Jambu Bongkok Forest Reserve, BRIS Ecosystem and Melaleuca Swamps of Terengganu. In Jamilah, M.S. & Faridah, M. (Eds.), A Biological Assessment of Jambu Bongkok Forest Reserve, Terengganu and Nearby Ecosystem. Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. pp. 1-23.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Nur Farahin Binti Mustafa, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Sara Eisya Binti Mohamed Ghozali, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Imin Kamin

Species Citation :- Microsorum scolopendria. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via [Retrieved 27 March 2023].

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Website Citation: MyBIS (2023). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet, Ministry of Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 27 March 2023].