Tetrameles nudiflora
by Mrs. Syahida Emiza Suhaimi

Tetrameles nudiflora R. Br. ex Benn., a member of the family Datiscaceae, is a rare deciduous tree. In Latin, nudus means naked while flos means flower, which refers to the flowers of T. nudiflora which lack petals.

This tree can be medium or large in size, up to 45m tall and 200cm in diameter with buttresses up to 5m tall. The bark is silvery grey and smooth, and sometimes slightly lenticellate (possessing small raised pores for gas exchange).

The inflorescences are pendent in spikes (female) or panicles (male). This dioecious tree has unisexual flowers which are 4-merous, meaning that they have functional parts in fours. The male flowers are slightly fragrant, subsessile or have short pedicels and a glabrous calyx. In addition, the male flowers have 4 stamens with white filaments and rounded anthers. The female flowers, on the other hand, are sessile with a sparsely hairy to subglabrous calyx. The calyx itself is slightly 4-angular and sometimes glandular on the outside. It contains a single-loculed ovary with 4 to 5 parietal placentas, with the ovules arranged in several rows. The fruits are globular-urceolate (urn shaped) and the seeds, narrowly oblong and slightly flattened, without an endosperm.

In Peninsular Malaysia, it is found in Perlis, Kedah (including Langkawi Island), northern Perak, Selangor, Kelantan and central Pahang. It grows only in primary or secondary forests with a more or less pronounced dry season, at 500m to 1000m elevation. Flowering ocurs between February and June, usually while the tree is leafless. Local people call this tree Mengkundor.

The wood of Tetrameles nudiflora is a lightweight hardwood, which, in the past, was used to make floats and dugout canoes. It has also been used to make products ranging from packing boxes, tea-chests and matchboxes, to panelling, partitioning and weatherboard as well as mouldings ceiling boards and cheap planking. Because of its rarity, it is now only used for temporary construction.

QR Code
Scan QR code for mobile experience

Other articles

Embelia pergamacea A.DC.

Ms. Nur Liyana Hazwani Shahdani   •   16 May 2022   •   204 views

Maxomys rajah Thomas, 1894

Ms. Nor Hazwani Binti Ahmad Ruzman   •   29 Apr 2022   •   306 views

Trimeresurus nebularis Vogel, David & Pauwels, 2004

Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim   •   15 Apr 2022   •   618 views

Ceriops decandra (Griff.) W.Theob (Rhizophoraceae)

Ms. Munira Mohd Sazali   •   31 Mar 2022   •   652 views

Amyda cartilaginea Boddaert, 1770

Ng Chiao Ying   •   15 Mar 2022   •   652 views
Get updates and an exclusive news when you sign up to our free newsletter.
Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)   by   Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC)

Copyright © 2022, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC), Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA). All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER - The Malaysian Government, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA), Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC) and Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this website. By entering this site, you acknowledge and agree that no portion of this site, including but not limited to names, logos, trademarks, patents, sound, graphics, charts, text, audio, video, information or images are either MyBIS property or the property permitted by third-party and shall not be used without prior written approval from the owner(s).
Best viewed using latest Mozila Firefox, Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 10 with Resolution 1024 x 768px or above. Version 2.0 / 2016
Website Citation: MyBIS (2022). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 29 May 2022].