Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk.
by Mrs. Nadiah Idris

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa is an attractive member of the Myrtaceae family. The genus name Rhodomyrtus is derived from the Greek “rhodon” meaning red, and “myrtos”, meaning myrtle, referring to the rose-coloured flowers that are common in members of this genus. The species name tomentosa refers to the short, soft, matted hairs covering the undersides of the leaves and sepals of this species. The plant is popularly known as downy rose myrtle (English name) and locally as kemunting in Peninsular Malaysia, karamunting in Sabah or lidah katak in Sarawak. This species is native to tropical and subtropical Asia, from India, to southern China, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia and Sulawesi. It is often found in open sandy ground, on the seashore or banks of sandy rivers.

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa is a small shrub that can reach about 4 m tall. This species can be identified by the following features: young plant parts are woolly pubescent; the leaves are elliptic with rounded or blunt apex, hairy on the lower surface, up to 7 cm long and 4 cm wide, the petioles up to 0.5 cm long, and the flower petals pink or purplish in colour. The fruits are berries, green when young and turning to dark purple when mature, fleshy, sweet and aromatic. This species has many (40–45) tiny, deltoid seeds embedded in an edible flesh, and the seeds are dispersed by frugivorous birds and mammals.

Kemunting is occasionally cultivated for its edible fruits and medicinal uses. The sweet and aromatic ripe fruits are consumed fresh or made into pies, tarts, jellies, preserves and jams (Lim, 2012). Besides that, almost all parts of this species can be used for traditional medicinal purposes. For example, in Peninsular Malaysia, the fruits have been recorded as treatment for diarrhoea while the roots can be used for stomach ache and diarrhoea, and as a poultice at childbirth. An infusion of the roots is also recommended for squirting into the eyes to treat scars on the cornea. Root decoctions are drunk as a tonic in Sabah and Sarawak, and in Sarawak, leaves pounded together with betel leaves (Piper betle) and betel nut (Areca catechu) have been used as an abdominal poultice to mitigate diarrhoea in babies (Chai, 2006; Lim, 2012). In addition, its red wood is fine-grained and used for making small objects and the wood together with coconut shell is used for making wood tar for blackening the teeth and eyebrows (Lim, 2012).

Kemunting is also popular as an ornamental plant in gardens in the tropics and subtropics for its abundant and much prized flowers. The plant is easy to grow, with no serious pests and diseases reported so far, and is normally propagated using stem cuttings, bearing fruits within two years (Latiff, 1991).


  1. Latiff, A. (1991). Rhodomyrtus tomentosa. In Verheij, E.W.M. & Coronel, R.E. (Eds.), Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA)–Edible Fruits and Nut, volume 2. Pudoc Wageningen, the Netherlands. pp. 276-277.
  2. Lim, T.K. (2012). Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Fruits, Volume 3. Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York. pp. 732-737.
  3. Paul Chai, P.K. (2006). Medicinal Plants of Sarawak. pp. 212.
QR Code
Scan QR code for mobile experience

Other articles

Embelia pergamacea A.DC.

Ms. Nur Liyana Hazwani Shahdani   •   16 May 2022   •   172 views

Maxomys rajah Thomas, 1894

Ms. Nor Hazwani Binti Ahmad Ruzman   •   29 Apr 2022   •   283 views

Trimeresurus nebularis Vogel, David & Pauwels, 2004

Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim   •   15 Apr 2022   •   584 views

Ceriops decandra (Griff.) W.Theob (Rhizophoraceae)

Ms. Munira Mohd Sazali   •   31 Mar 2022   •   610 views

Amyda cartilaginea Boddaert, 1770

Ng Chiao Ying   •   15 Mar 2022   •   625 views
Get updates and an exclusive news when you sign up to our free newsletter.
Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)   by   Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC)

Copyright © 2022, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC), Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA). All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER - The Malaysian Government, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA), Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC) and Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this website. By entering this site, you acknowledge and agree that no portion of this site, including but not limited to names, logos, trademarks, patents, sound, graphics, charts, text, audio, video, information or images are either MyBIS property or the property permitted by third-party and shall not be used without prior written approval from the owner(s).
Best viewed using latest Mozila Firefox, Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 10 with Resolution 1024 x 768px or above. Version 2.0 / 2016
Website Citation: MyBIS (2022). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 22 May 2022].