Shorea lamellata Foxw.
by Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim
Shorea lamellata Foxw.
by Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim

Shorea lamellata Foxw. is a dipterocarp tree species belonging to the white meranti group (usually called Meranti Pa’ang). In Peninsular Malaysia and Sarawak, this species’ preferred name is Meranti lapis (Chua et al., 2010), while in Sabah, it is locally known as Melapi lapis (Wong & Chung, 2002; PROSEA, 2020) The epiphet name, lamellata is derived from the Latin word “lamellatus” meaning arranged in layers, which refers to its laminated inner bark (Soepadmo et al., 2004; Symington, 2004).

Meranti lapis is widely distributed in Sumatra (Riau Archipelago) and Borneo (Sarawak and Kalimantan but absent in Sabah) (Soepadmo et al., 2004) and in Peninsular Malaysia it can only be found in Dindings, Kuala Kangsar, Kinta and Batang Padang districts of Perak (Symington, 2004; Chua et al., 2010). It is scattered on low hills in mixed dipterocarp forest, on sedimentary and sandy clay soils and even on the Arip rhyolite, at altitudes of 500 m, but can also occur as high as 900 m a.s.l. in valleys.

Shorea lamellata is a large emergent tree that can grow up to 50 m in height and 1.75 m in diameter. It has a well-shaped cylindrical bole with short, stout buttresses that can reach up to 3 m in height. The bark is fissured; greyish to purplish-brown in colour with laminated pale and dark yellow inner bark. It has ovoid-falcate leaf buds and oblong-obtuse stipules. Its leaves are thinly coriaceous, elliptic-oblong or oblong to ovate in shape, about 10–15 x 4–8 cm in size, greyish when dry, and are stellate-hairy on the underside. The flowers are small, with white petals and 15 stamens. The fruits have three long outer wings up to 18 cm in length and two shorter inner wings of up to 7 cm. The nut is ovoid in shape measuring 1.4 x 1.0 cm (Soepadmo et al., 2004; Symington, 2004).

Shorea lamellata is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) in both the Malaysia Plant Red List (Chua et al., 2010) and IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (Ashton, 1998). This is mainly due to its restricted distribution, logging and habitat loss. In Kalimantan, this species is also threatened by harvesting as it produces high quality timber and is one of the major sources of light red meranti timber (Trimanto & Shofiah, 2018). The clear resin produced from this timber is used commercially in Borneo (PROSEA, 2020).

At the Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Kepong Dipterocarp Arboretum, Shorea lamellata can be viewed in the living collection.

QR Code
Scan QR code for mobile experience

Other articles

Vatica odorata (Griff). Symington

Ms. Siti Fariezza Bt Khairi Thaw   •   20 Nov 2020   •   178 views

Dryobalanops aromatica C.F. Gaertn

Mrs. Syahida Emiza Suhaimi & Azrin Najua Md. Nor   •   10 Nov 2020   •   272 views

Impatiens curtisii Hook. f. (Balsaminaceae)

Mrs. Sarah Nabila Binti Rosli   •   20 Oct 2020   •   301 views

Troides helena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan   •   10 Oct 2020   •   195 views

Firmiana malayana Kosterm. (Malvaceae)

Mrs. Norzielawati Bt. Salleh   •   30 Sep 2020   •   265 views
Get updates and an exclusive news when you sign up to our free newsletter.
Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)
Copyright © 2020, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA). All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER - The Malaysian Government, and Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA) shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this website. By entering this site, you acknowledge and agree that no portion of this site, including but not limited to names, logos, trademarks, patents, sound, graphics, charts, text, audio, video, information or images are either MyBIS property or the property permitted by third-party and shall not be used without prior written approval from the owner(s).
Best viewed using latest Mozila Firefox, Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 10 with Resolution 1024 x 768px or above. Version 2.0 / 2016