Bauhinia bassacensis Pierre ex Gagnep. var. bassacensis
by Dr. Avelinah Julius
Bauhinia bassacensis Pierre ex Gagnep. var. bassacensis
by Dr. Avelinah Julius

The rare Bauhinia bassacensis (Leguminosae-Caesalpinoideae or Fabaceae), previously collected from Klian Trus and Ulu Muda FR, Kedah in 1920 and 1969, respectively, was recently encountered and collected from Langkawi Islands (Pulau Simpang Tiga Kecil) in August 2012. It grows at low altitude from 40 to 150 m. This species also distributed from Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, N Peninsular Malaysia, Java and Borneo (Sabah).

It is climber about 6 m tall. The subcoriaceous leaves are ovate or almost orbicular and 7−9 × 6−9 cm. The leaf base is truncate and the apex is emarginate and the cleft split into 1.2−1.8 cm deep. The lateral veins number 5 pairs.

Usually the Bauhinia species we see in the wild or cultivated have red, pink, purple, orange, yellow or white flowers, but the flowers of B. bassacensis are greenish white. The inflorescence is terminal and hairy. The flowers are rather small and measure about 2.5 cm in diameter. For the calyx, tube is ca. 5 mm long and white except for the dark red base, while the 5 lobes (ca. 11 mm long) are thick, hairy and reflexed. The petals are measure 8−10 × 5−8 mm, rounded, crinkled along the margin and both surfaces are silky hairy. They are long-clawed and the slender claw is ca. 7 mm long. This species is characterised by its 3 fertile stamens (23−27 mm long) and 5 staminodes (6−8 mm long).

Several Bauhinia species are grown for their flowers for ornamental and B. bassacensis also has potential to become an attractive plant because its greenish flowers are rather rare in the genus.


  1. Ridley, H.N. (1922). The Flora of the Malay Peninsula, Volume 1. Lovell Reeve & Co., Ltd., London, England. pp. 340, 396, 634, 912.
QR Code
Scan QR code for mobile experience

Other articles

Pangium edule Reinw. (Achariaceae)

Mrs. Norzielawati Salleh   •   29 Sep 2023   •   50 views

Libellago aurantiaca (Selys, 1859)

Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas & Assoc. Prof. Dr. Choong Chee Yen   •   15 Sep 2023   •   246 views

Vallaris glabra (L) Kuntze (Apocynaceae)

Mrs. Sarah Nabila Binti Rosli & Aida Hidayah   •   31 Aug 2023   •   438 views

Agropsar sturninus (Pallas, 1776)

Ms. Anis Zafirah Binti Zam Beri & Mr. Mohammad Shahfiz Azman   •   31 Jul 2023   •   162 views

Dracontomelon dao (Blanco) Merr. & Rolfe

Mr. Nik Faizu Bin Nik Hassan & Mrs. Rafidah Abdul Rahman   •   30 Jun 2023   •   166 views
Get updates and an exclusive news when you sign up to our free newsletter.
Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)   by   Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC)

Copyright © 2023, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC), Ministry of Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change (NRECC). All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER - The Malaysian Government, Ministry of Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change (NRECC), Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC) and Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this website. By entering this site, you acknowledge and agree that no portion of this site, including but not limited to names, logos, trademarks, patents, sound, graphics, charts, text, audio, video, information or images are either MyBIS property or the property permitted by third-party and shall not be used without prior written approval from the owner(s).
Best viewed using latest Mozila Firefox, Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 10 with Resolution 1024 x 768px or above. Version 2.0 / 2016
Website Citation: MyBIS (2023). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet, Ministry of Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 04 October 2023].