Newsletter
Champereia manillana (Blume) Merrill var. manillana
by Syahida Emiza Suhaimi & Chew Ming Yee
Newsletter
Champereia manillana (Blume) Merrill var. manillana
by Syahida Emiza Suhaimi & Chew Ming Yee

Champereia is a monotypic genus in the family Opiliaceae. Its one species has two varieties, C. manillana var. manillana and var. longistaminea. The character distinguishing these two varieties is fruit size. Champereia manillana var. manillana has smaller fruits, 4–15 mm long and 4–10 mm diameter, while var. longistaminea has much bigger fruits, 22–25 mm long and 15–17 mm diameter.

The species is widely distributed from Andaman Island to Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, China, Taiwan, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Maluku, Lesser Sunda Islands and Papua New Guinea. Only var. manillana occurs in Peninsular Malaysia, where it is found in all states. Variety longistaminea endemic in Southern China (Guanxi and Yunnan).

In Peninsular Malaysia, it grows wild in primary forest to 1490 m altitude, in secondary forest and sometimes on limestone outcrops to 100 m altitude.

Champereia manillana is a shrub or small tree to about 10 m tall. The leaves are variable in shape and size being sometimes ovate, oblong or lanceolate, 5–19 cm long and 2.5–8.5 cm wide and minutely pimply on both surfaces.

Champereia manillana is a gynodioecious plant, that it is has bisexual and female flowers. The inflorescences are borne on the older branches or on the main trunks and twigs. The flowers are small, cream-brown to green and have 4 to 5 tepals. The bisexual inflorescences are paniculate or are small cymes, or they are often cauliflorous. The flowers are 1–2 mm long, distinctly pedicelled and when the flowers are fully open, the tepals are reflexed. The female flowers are usually arranged singly or in clusters along the branches of the inflorescence. The female flowers are smaller than bisexual flowers, about 0.5 mm long with a very short pedicel. The fruit is drupaceous, ellipsoid and glabrous, turning to orange reddish when ripe. Champereia manillana flowers and fruits throughout the year.

The young leaves and fruits are commonly sold in local markets and are eaten as a vegetable. C. manillana is known as “Chemperai” by Malay and “Kayu rangi” by Temuan.

In Peninsular Malaysia, the conservation status of C. manillana var. manillana is considered as ‘Least Concern’ because it is widely distributed.

References

  1. Ng, F.S.P (1989). Tree Flora of Malaya, Volume 4. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Ministry of Primary Industries, Malaysia. Longman Malaysia Sdn.Bhd., Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 457-458.
  2. Ridley, H.N. (1922). The Flora of Malay Peninsula, Volume 1. Lovell Reeve & Co., Ltd., London, England. pp. 918.
QR Code
Scan QR code for mobile experience

Other articles

Chaperina fusca Mocquard 1892

Nur Aina Amira Binti Mahyudin, Kaviarasu Munian, Mohammad Shahfiz Azman, Noor Faradiana Binti Md Fauzi, Nor Hazwani Binti Ahmad Ruzman & Nur Alwani Binti Zakaria   •   29 Nov 2019   •   182 views

Argyreia maingayi (C.B.Clarke) Hoogland

Nadiah Idris   •   31 Oct 2019   •   227 views

Trachypithecus obscurus (Reid, 1837)

Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas   •   30 Sep 2019   •   318 views

Caryota mitis Lour.

Tan Kok Kiat   •   30 Aug 2019   •   381 views

Rhacophorus norhayatii Chan and Grismer, 2010

Nur Athirah Binti Fauzi & Kaviarasu Munian   •   31 Jul 2019   •   482 views
Get updates and an exclusive news when you sign up to our free newsletter.
Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)
Copyright © 2019, Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources (KATS). All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER - The Malaysian Government, and Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources (KATS) shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this website. By entering this site, you acknowledge and agree that no portion of this site, including but not limited to names, logos, trademarks, patents, sound, graphics, charts, text, audio, video, information or images are either MyBIS property or the property permitted by third-party and shall not be used without prior written approval from the owner(s).
Best viewed using latest Mozila Firefox, Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 10 with Resolution 1024 x 768px or above. Version 2.0 / 2016