Geostachys belumensis C.K. Lim & K.H. Lau
by Mr. Lau Kah Hoo
Geostachys belumensis C.K. Lim & K.H. Lau
by Mr. Lau Kah Hoo

This ginger species was first discovered on a montane slope along the East West Highway, in the Belum Forest Reserve. It was first collected in 2004 by Datuk Seri Lim Chong Keat, an architect turned avid botanist. After a series of discussions with the author who was then revising the genus in Peninsular Malaysia, it was concluded that a new species had been found. The account was published a year later (Lau et al., 2005) and the species was named Geostachys belumensis C.K. Lim & K.H. Lau, commemorating the location where it was first found in Belum.

This species has short rhizomes and is well supported above the ground by its stilt roots, a typical root system also found in several species of Geostachys. The leafy shoot has a medium height of about 1.3 m and usually occurs in clumps. The leaves are soft in texture, dark green on the upper side and mostly maroon-coloured underneath. It has a decurved inflorescence which is occasionally erect if the peduncle emerges from beneath the thick forest litter. The cincinni are arranged on one side of the decurved inflorescence, with each pointing upwards. A cincinnus is a form of inflorescence on which the successive axes arise alternately in respect to the preceding one. As with the flowers, the labellum is yellow, with red marks appearing in the middle edge towards the staminodes, broadening at the middle. The fruits are ellipsoid, glabrous and dark red, not bigger than 2 cm.

The location where the population was first found is now located in a newly gazetted forest reserve, the Amanjaya Forest Reserve. The gazetting of the forest reserve was aimed at providing better protection to the surrounding environment, especially the wildlife. However, enforcement is crucially needed as subsequent visits to the site revealed that the area is no longer as pristine as it was when first discovered, with signs of encroachment. As G. belumensis is hyper endemic to its locality and many of its aspects yet to be studied, it is therefore of utmost importance that the habitat be preserved by all means.


  1. Lau, K.H., Lim, C.K. & Mat-Salleh, K. (2005). Two new species of Geostachys (Zingiberaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Flora Malaysiana , Vol. 6 (3 & 4): pp. 83-94
QR Code
Scan QR code for mobile experience

Other articles

Cheilinus undulatus Ruppell, 1835

Mr. Tan Kok Kiat   •   15 Jul 2021   •   216 views

Sus barbatus (Müller, 1838) – The Bearded Pig

Mr. Muhammad Syaridzwan Baharudin   •   30 Jun 2021   •   283 views

Nasalis larvatus Wurmb, 1787

Ms. Nuralyaa Binti Jamalullail   •   31 May 2021   •   274 views

Callosciurus prevostii (Desmarest, 1822)

Ms. Nur Afikah Abd Shukor   •   30 Apr 2021   •   444 views

Chrysophyllum cainito L. (Sapotaceae)

Mrs. Syazwani Bt. Azeman   •   31 Mar 2021   •   473 views
Today, there are less than 200 Malayan tigers left in our country.
#SaveOurMalayanTiger. Visit
Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)
Copyright © 2021, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA). All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER - The Malaysian Government, and Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA) shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this website. By entering this site, you acknowledge and agree that no portion of this site, including but not limited to names, logos, trademarks, patents, sound, graphics, charts, text, audio, video, information or images are either MyBIS property or the property permitted by third-party and shall not be used without prior written approval from the owner(s).
Best viewed using latest Mozila Firefox, Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 10 with Resolution 1024 x 768px or above. Version 2.0 / 2016