Native Plants

Agathis flavescens

Tahan Agathis
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2011
Near Threatened
Malaysia Plant Red List
Peninsular Malaysia 2021
Least Concern
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 13836
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The taxonomic status is pending for approval


Agathis flavescens is a small to medium-sized tree, which can grow up to 21 m tall and about 50 cm in diameter. It is commonly known as Tahan Agathis (Lim & Thomas, 2011). The inner bark is reddish-brown. The leaves are glossy yellow to green, opposite, and measured around 3-5.5 cm long x 2.5-3 cm wide. When drying, the leaves become yellowish-brown to dark reddish-brown above and light yellowish brown to dark reddish-brown beneath. Compared to other species, the apex of this tree is rounded. The mature pollen cones are less than 1.2 cm wide. The microsporophyll is helmeted-shaped. The seed cones are dark reddish-brown to black and ovoid in shape. The seeds are flattened and ovoid in shape, measuring around 6 x 3 mm.

The genus derived from a Greek word, agathis means a clew, corner of a sail, and this may refer to the leaf shape; meanwhile, the species epithet derived Latin, flasvescens meaning turning yellow, which refer to the foliage.

This tree is endemic to Peninsular Malaysia, which occurs in Gunung Tahan and Gunung Rabong. It is restricted to the lower and upper montane forest on quartzite-derived soils at 1,200-2,100 m a.s.l. (Lim, 2010). It is listed as a vulnerable species in the IUCN Red List because the total population is estimated to be less than 1,000 mature individuals. However, its habitats are in Totally Protected Areas and no decline has been recorded to date (Lim & Thomas, 2011).


No Description Suitability Seasonality
Forest → Montane Ericaceous Forest
Unknown Unknown
Forest → Montane Oak Forest
Unknown Unknown
References :


Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2021 Malaysia Plant Red List
Near Threatened (NT)
Peninsular Malaysia
2011 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
2010 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
1998 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)


Collection Center   Total


Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Ms. Nur Farahin Binti Mustafa, Mrs. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurul Aliya Imra Asyikin Binti Abd Murad, Ms. Sara Eisya Binti Mohamed Ghozali, Ms. Siti Nur Najihah Musa & Mr. Tan Kok Kiat

Species Citation :- Agathis flavescens. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via [Retrieved 24 April 2024].

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