Native Plants

Gnetum gnemon

Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2011
QR Code
SSN 14913
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  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    gnemon L.
  • Infraspecific
    • var. brunonianum
    • var. gnemon
    • var. griffithii
    • var. tenerum
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
The taxanomic status is pending for approval




No Description Suitability Seasonality
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Dry Forest
Marginal Unknown
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
Suitable Unknown
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest
Suitable Unknown
Shrubland → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Shrubland
Suitable Unknown
References :



by State Location
  • Johore 1
  • Kelantan 1
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Selangor 3
  • Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur 2
by Protected Areas Location
  • Wildlife Sanctuary/Reserve 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images


  1. Barua, C.C., Haloi, P. & Barua, I.C. (2015). Gnetum gnemon Linn.: A comprehensive review on its biological, pharmacological and pharmacognostical potentials. International Journal of Pharmacognosy & Phytochemical Research 7 (3): pp. 531-539
  2. Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Kiew, R., Kamin, I. & Chung, R.C.K. (2017). Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One Ecosystem. 2: pp. 41 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Kato, M., Inoue, T. & Nagamitsu, T. (1995). Pollination biology of Gnetum (Gnetaceae) in a Lowland Mixed Dipterocarp forest in Sarawak. American Journal of Botany 82 (7): pp. 862-868
  4. Saw, L.G., LaFrankie Jr., J.V., Kochummen, K.M. & Yap, S.K. (1991). Fruit Trees in a Malaysian Rain Forest. Economic Botany 45 (1): pp. 120-136
  5. Lim, C.L., Siti Munirah, M.Y. & Kiew, R. (2009). Botany of the Berembun Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (2): pp. 143-189
  6. Kochummen, K.M., LaFrankie Jr., J.V. & Manokaran, N. (1990). Floristic Composition of Pasoh Forest Reserve, A Lowland Rain Forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 3 (1): pp. 1-13
  7. Kato, M., Inoue, T. & Nagamitsu, T. (1995). Pollination biology of Gnetum (Gnetaceae) in a lowland mixed dipterocarp forest of Sarawak. American Journal of Botany 82 (7): pp. 862-868
  8. Chua, L.S.L., Chung, R.C.K., Sam, Y.Y., Chan, Y.C., Kamarudin, S., Moorthy, M., Nor-Ezzawanis, A.T., Hamidah, M. & Lau, K.H. (2006). A Checklist of Seed Plants at Gunung Aais Forest Reserve, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 59 (2): pp. 121-152
  9. Ang, L.H., Ho, W.M. & Tang, L.K. (2014). A Depository of Lowland Forest Tree Species Established on a Brown-Filled Site in Ara Damansara, Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 29: pp. 55-60
  10. Ang, L.H., Ho, W.M., Tang, L.K. & Hazarimmah, S.O. (2017). Increasing Tree Diversity Index through Planting of 30 Indigenous Rainforest Tree on a 5 ha Slime Tailings. An Introduction to ABS: Access to biological resources and the sharing of benefits arising from their utilisation: pp. 102-106
  11. Latiff, A., Faridah-Hanum, I., Zainudin Ibrahim, A., Goh, M.W.K., Loo, A.H.B. & Tan, H.T.W. (1999). On the Vegetation and Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 11-72
  1. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  2. Aman, R. (2001). Buah-buahan Nadir Semenanjung Malaysia. Percetakan Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP), Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 178.
  3. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  4. Mohd. Rizal, S., Na'aman, J., Jalil, M.S., Nizam, M.S., Latiff, A. & Azahar, M. (2006). Gunung Mandi Angin, Terengganu: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Pelancongan Ekologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 500.
  5. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Yahaya, M., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Muhamad, A. & Latiff, A. (2012). Hutan Simpan Gunung Belumut, Johor: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 271.
  6. Shaharuddin, M.I., Dahalan, H.T., Abdullah Sani, Shafie, Jalil, M.S., Faridah-Hanum, I. & Latiff, A. (2005). Taman Negeri Gunung Stong, Kelantan: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Biologi dan Sosio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 442.
  7. Lim, T.K. (2012). Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Fruits, Volume 3. Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York. pp. 732-737.
  8. Nik Musa'adah, M., Nik Zanariah, N.M., Nor Azah, M.A. & Norini, H. (2017). Khazanah Perubatan Melayu: Tumbuhan Ubatan Jilid 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. xxiv, 519.
  9. Wong, K.M. & Mustapha, M. (1997). The Rimba Ilmu - The University of Malaya's Garden of a Thousand Species - an introduction to Malaysia's first university botanic garden. pp. 31.
  10. Adnan, M., Zainuddin, A.F., Hamzah, M.A., Moorthy, M. & Mohamad Zaki, M.I. (2018). Koleksi Pokok Taman Botani Kepong. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 1-234.
  11. Zawiah, N. & Othaman, H. (2012). 99 Spesies Buah di FRIM. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia, Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar, Malaysia. pp. 22-23, 256.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mr. Azim Rabbani Bin Syed Sultan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Fatin Qurratul 'ain Binti Saberam, Mr. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Hazan, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nur Syahirah Binti Abd Hamid, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Nur Najihah Musa, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Gnetum gnemon. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Downloaded on 10 July 2020.

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