Gnetum gnemon

Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2011
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  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
  • Author
  • Infraspecific
    • var. brunonianum
    • var. gnemon
    • var. griffithii
    • var. tenerum
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular
    Bago (Malay), Belinjau (Malay), Buah Maninjau (Malay), Buko (English), Congkak (Malay), Malinjau (Malay), Melinjau (Malay), Melinjau Hutan (Malay), Meninjau (Malay), Sabung (Malay), Songkok (Malay) & Spanish Joint-fir (English)
  • Residential
The taxanomic status is pending for approval




No Description Suitability Seasonality
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Dry Forest
Marginal Unknown
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
Suitable Unknown
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest
Suitable Unknown
Shrubland → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Shrubland
Suitable Unknown
References :



by State Location
  • Johor 1
  • Kelantan 1
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Selangor 3
  • WP Kuala Lumpur 2
by Protected Areas Location
  • Wildlife Sanctuary/Reserve 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images


Collection Center Total


  1. Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Kiew, R., Kamin, I. & Chung, R.C.K. (2017). Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One Ecosystem. 2 (e13708): pp. 41 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Latiff, A., Faridah-Hanum, I., Zainudin Ibrahim, A., Goh, M.W.K., Loo, A.H.B. & Tan, H.T.W. (1999). On the Vegetation and Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 11-72
  3. Barua, C.C., Haloi, P. & Barua, I.C. (2015). Gnetum gnemon Linn.: A comprehensive review on its biological, pharmacological and pharmacognostical potentials. International Journal of Pharmacognosy & Phytochemical Research 7 (3): pp. 531-539
  4. Ang, L.H., Ho, W.M. & Tang, L.K. (2014). A Depository of Lowland Forest Tree Species Established on a Brown-Filled Site in Ara Damansara, Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 29: pp. 55-60
  5. Ang, L.H., Ho, W.M., Tang, L.K. & Hazarimmah, S.O. (2017). Increasing Tree Diversity Index through Planting of 30 Indigenous Rainforest Tree on a 5 ha Slime Tailings. An Introduction to ABS: Access to biological resources and the sharing of benefits arising from their utilisation: pp. 102-106
  6. Kato, M., Inoue, T. & Nagamitsu, T. (1995). Pollination biology of Gnetum (Gnetaceae) in a lowland mixed dipterocarp forest of Sarawak. American Journal of Botany 82 (7): pp. 862-868
  7. Kochummen, K.M., LaFrankie Jr., J.V. & Manokaran, N. (1990). Floristic Composition of Pasoh Forest Reserve, A Lowland Rain Forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 3 (1): pp. 1-13
  8. Saw, L.G., LaFrankie Jr., J.V., Kochummen, K.M. & Yap, S.K. (1991). Fruit Trees in a Malaysian Rain Forest. Economic Botany 45 (1): pp. 120-136
  1. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  2. Shaharuddin, M.I., Dahalan, H.T., Abdullah Sani, Shafie, Jalil, M.S., Faridah-Hanum, I. & Latiff, A. (2005). Taman Negeri Gunung Stong, Kelantan: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Biologi dan Sosio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 442.
  3. Adnan, M., Zainuddin, A.F., Hamzah, M.A., Moorthy, M. & Mohamad Zaki, M.I. (2018). Koleksi Pokok Taman Botani Kepong. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 1-234.
  4. Mohd. Rizal, S., Na'aman, J., Jalil, M.S., Nizam, M.S., Latiff, A. & Azahar, M. (2006). Gunung Mandi Angin, Terengganu: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Pelancongan Ekologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 500.
  5. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Yahaya, M., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Muhamad, A. & Latiff, A. (2012). Hutan Simpan Gunung Belumut, Johor: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 271.
  6. Lim, T.K. (2012). Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Fruits, Volume 3. Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York. pp. 732-737.
  7. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  8. Rukayah, Aman (2001). Buah-buahan Nadir Semenanjung Malaysia. Percetakan Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP), Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 178.
  9. Wong, K.M. & Mustapha, M. (1997). The Rimba Ilmu - The University of Malaya's Garden of a Thousand Species - an introduction to Malaysia's first university botanic garden. pp. 31.
  10. Zawiah, N. & Othaman, H. (2012). 99 Spesies Buah di FRIM. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia, Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar, Malaysia. pp. 22-23, 256.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mr. Azim Rabbani Bin Syed Sultan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mr. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Hazan, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Nur Syahirah Binti Abd Hamid, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Nur Najihah Musa, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Gnetum gnemon. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Downloaded on 22 May 2019.

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