Eulophia graminea

Grass-leafed Eulophia
NE
Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    graminea
  • Author
    Lindl.
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular
    Bawang Hantu (Malay), Grass-leafed Eulophia (English), Hantu Bawang (Malay) & Kaling Lilin (Malay)
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Habit
Flower
Flower

Description

Eulophia graminea is an orchid species which flowering in March to May and it can be found from Lanka, through India to most of South-east Asia to China and Japan. In Peninsular Malaysia, it is widespread in all parts of the country, in open places at low altitudes. The pseudobulbs of this species are underground up to 15 cm long with several internodes and producing stems at intervals. The shoots of this species are out like daffodils in spring, in open drained swamps including peat swamps and this species is very common, especially in sandy clay soil. The flowers of this species are about 3 cm and both its sepals and petals are greenish with network of pink or red veins, lip white, sometimes with pink or red, spur narrowly cylindrical and numerous tubercles on the surface of mid-lobe. The inflorescences of this species are branched for several times above the leaves and the stem is glaucous and each branch bearing flowers at about 1.5 cm apart. The leaves of this species are linear and acute while its stem up to 80 cm tall and bearing about 7 leaves in the lower parts.

Habits

  Habit
Terrestrial   —   An animal that lives on/near the ground or a plant that grows on/in/from land

Assessment

Location

by State Location
  • Pahang 2
  • Selangor 5
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Kiew, R., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Ong, P.T., Kamin, I., Aliaa-Athirah, A.M. & Rafidah, A.R. (2019). Distribution and Conservation Implications of Limestone Plant Species in FELDA Chiku Limestone Flora, Kelantan, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 31 (1): pp. 19-36
  2. Latiff, A., Faridah-Hanum, I., Zainudin Ibrahim, A., Goh, M.W.K., Loo, A.H.B. & Tan, H.T.W. (1999). On the Vegetation and Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 11-72
Book
  1. Faridah-Hanum, I. & Shamsul, K. (2004). A guide to the common plants of Ayer Hitam Forest, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. pp. 220.
  2. Go, R. (2014). Orchidea Selangoreana - Wild Orchids of Selangor. Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Selangor and Kerajaan Negeri Selangor, Malaysia. pp. 210.
  3. Go, R. & Khali Aziz, Hamzah (2008). Orchids of Peat Swamp Forests in Peninsular Malaysia. Peat Swamp Forest Project, UNDP/GEF Funded, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Kepong, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 136.
  4. Go, R. (2010). Orchids of Perlis: Jewels of the Forest. Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Perlis and Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 152.
  5. Go, R. (2013). Paya Indah Wetlands : The Array of Plant Life. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE), Malaysia. pp. 100.
  6. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  7. Ong, P.T., O'Byrne, P., Yong, W.S.Y. & Saw, L.G. (2011). Wild Orchids of Peninsular Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 196.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ainul Aqilah Binti Mohd Nasir, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Ms. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Eulophia graminea. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/15575. Downloaded on 20 June 2019.

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