Native

Arundina graminifolia

Grass Orchid
NE
Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    graminifolia
  • Author
    (D.Don) Hochr.
  • Infraspecific
    • subsp. caespitosa
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular
    Bamboo Orchid (English) & Grass Orchid (English)
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Flower
Flower
Flower
Flower
Flower
Flower

Description

Arundina graminifolia is an orchid which has flowers with colour variation from pure white, light pink to bright purple. The flowers are usually pink and rarely white while its lip is darker with a yellow blotch. The size of the flowers also varies between localities. This species can be cultivated very easily and flowering occurs the whole year round. In Peninsular Malaysia, A. graminifolia or Bamboo Orchid is found in lowland forests and up to 600 m on the hills. This species loves the sun and is known to be found in cleared, well-drained, dry, and sandy ground of peat swamp forest in Pahang, Johore and Perak.

Habits

  Habit
Rheophyte   —   Plants that grow in rock crevices beside fast flowing streams and rivers

Assessment

Location

by State Location
  • Johor 1
  • Kelantan 1
  • Pahang 3
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Go, R., Lim, M.Y.L., Phoon, S.N., Yong, W.S.Y., Tang, C.H., Khor, H.E., Abdullah, J.O. & Abdullah, J. (2009). Malaysian Limestone Orchids Status: Diversity, Threat and Conservation. BLUMEA - Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants 54 (1-3): pp. 109-116
Book
  1. Shaharuddin, M.I., Dahalan, H.T., Abdullah Sani, Shafie, Jalil, M.S., Faridah-Hanum, I. & Latiff, A. (2005). Taman Negeri Gunung Stong, Kelantan: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Biologi dan Sosio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 442.
  2. Adler, P.H. (2002). A Guide to Taman Botani Putrajaya: Tropical Roots. Perbadanan Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 13.
  3. Go, R. & Akmal, Raffi (2017). Discovering the Wonders of Malaysian Orchids. Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. pp. 87.
  4. Go, R. (2014). Orchidea Selangoreana - Wild Orchids of Selangor. Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Selangor and Kerajaan Negeri Selangor, Malaysia. pp. 210.
  5. Go, R., Abdullah, J.O., Farah Alia, Nordin & Siti Fatimah, Md Isa (2015). Orchids in the Montane Forests of Peninsular Malaysia. Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, Malaysia. pp. 216.
  6. Go, R. & Khali Aziz, Hamzah (2008). Orchids of Peat Swamp Forests in Peninsular Malaysia. Peat Swamp Forest Project, UNDP/GEF Funded, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Kepong, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 136.
  7. Go, R. (2010). Orchids of Perlis: Jewels of the Forest. Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Perlis and Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 152.
  8. Latiff, A., Maimon, A., Norhayati, A. & Jumaat, H.A. (2009). Bukit Fraser: Crown of the Titiwangsa Range. Penerbitan Pusat Penyelidikan Bukit Fraser, UKM, Bangi, Malaysia.
  9. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  10. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Ahmad Fadzil, A.M., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Gunung Besar Hantu, Negeri Sembilan: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 254.
  11. T. Marina, T. Ibrahim & Shamsul, K. (2009). Kepelbagaian Biologi Flora, Fauna dan Nilai Ekonomi Hutan Simpan Tranum, Pahang. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 140.
  12. Suhaila, A.H. & Nik Ahmad Irwan Izzauddin, N. H. (2014). Biodiversity of Gunung Ledang Mountaineering The Nature. School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia and Johor National Parks Corporation, Malaysia. pp. 165.
  13. Ong, P.T., O'Byrne, P., Yong, W.S.Y. & Saw, L.G. (2011). Wild Orchids of Peninsular Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 196.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mrs. Hakimah Binti Jaafar, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Nur Asikin Binti Maskuri, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Arundina graminifolia. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/15614. Downloaded on 16 June 2019.

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