Native Plants

Anaxagorea javanica

Akar Rarak
NE
Anaxagorea javanica var. javanica Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
NE
Anaxagorea javanica var. dipetala Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
NE
Anaxagorea javanica var. tripetala Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
QR Code
SSN 17394
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Specific Epithet
    javanica Blume
  • Infraspecific
    • var. dipetala
    • var. javanica
    • var. tripetala
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Description

Anaxagorea javanica was given with various local name such as Akar Angin (Semelai ethnic), Akar Rarak (Iban ethnic), Atis (Orang Sungai ethnic), Kamai and Kinchong (Temuan language), Mempisang, Pali Monyet and Perempin (Malay language), and Pengasi (Batek ethnic). According to National Parks Flora and Fauna Web, A Singapore Government Agency Website, this species also known as Bunga Pompun or Kekapur. This species is a treelet or tree can reach height up to 10 m. The glabrous twigs dry to pale green-brown or grey colour. The shape of leaves is ovate-elliptic, oblong or lanceolate with blade size ranging from 8.5−23 cm long and 3−7.5 cm width, and have membranous to chartaceous and glabrous texture. The dried leaves are pale grey-brown with pale brown midrib on underneath surface. It typically has one fragrant flower of cream or yellow colour per inflorescence, however it has occasionally been observed to have up to three flowers per inflorescence. This species can produce six to nine monocarps, which when dried, the colour turn to pale brown to dark grey.  Each monocarp can hold only one to two shiny black seeds of pear-shaped with size approximately 12 mm long and 8 mm in diameter. It can be found all the way from Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo (Sabah and Kalimantan) and Philippines at lowland forest as well as on limestone (Turner et al., 2014). Three varieties were recorded for this species that differ in perianth structure, where two variants are found in Sabah. One of them is lacking inner whorl of petals, namely A. j. var. tripetala with trimerous form and another variety is A. j. var. dipetala with dimerous form. Meanwhile A. j. var. javanica found in Kalimantan has two whorls of three petals. 

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Anaxagorea javanica var. tripetala
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Anaxagorea javanica var. javanica
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Anaxagorea javanica var. dipetala
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 1
  • Kedah 1
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Terengganu 1
by Protected Areas Location
  • National/State Park 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Chua, L.S.L., Chung, R.C.K., Sam, Y.Y., Chan, Y.C., Kamarudin, S., Moorthy, M., Nor-Ezzawanis, A.T., Hamidah, M. & Lau, K.H. (2006). A Checklist of Seed Plants at Gunung Aais Forest Reserve, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 59 (2), 121-152
  2. Corner, E.J.H. (1949). The Annonaceous Seed and its Four Integuments. New Phytologist 48 (3), 332-364. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1949.tb05129.x
  3. Hesse, M, Morawetz, W & Ehrendorfer, F (1985). Pollen ultrastructure and systematic affinities of Anaxagorea (Annonaceae). 148 (3-4), 253–285. http://doi:10.1007/bf00985928
  4. Hidayat, S, Zuhud, E.A.M & Widyatmoko, D (2011). Konservasi Ex Situ Tumbuhan Obat Di Kebun Raya Bogor. 34 (4), 257-265. http://http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/50872
  5. Kochummen, K.M., LaFrankie Jr., J.V. & Manokaran, N. (1990). Floristic Composition of Pasoh Forest Reserve, A Lowland Rain Forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 3 (1), 1-13. http://www.frim.gov.my/v1/jtfsonline/jtfs/v3n1/1-13.pdf
  6. Mohd. Norfaizal, G., Masrom, H., Azuan, A. & Omar, Y. (2014). Flora Diversity of Sungai Teris, Krau Wildlife Reserve, Pahang, Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 28, 81-91
  7. Nilus, R., Sugau, J.B. & Pereira, J.T. (2011). Vegetation and botanical highlights of Pulau Sakar Forest Reserve. Sepilok Bulletin. (13 & 14), 1-25. http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my/docs/frc/Sepilok%20Bulletin%20Vol.%2013%20&%20Vol.%2014.pdf
  8. Nizam, M.S., Shahrudin, R. & Wan Juliana, W.A (2012). Floristic Variation of Tree Communities in Two Distinct Habitats within a Forest Park in Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. 1, 1-10
  9. Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Kiew, R., Kamin, I. & Chung, R.C.K. (2017). Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One Ecosystem. 2 (e13708), 41. http://doi.org/10.3897/oneeco.2.e13708 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  10. Wong, K.M., Low, Y.W., Aziz, A.O., Lepun, P., Zahid, M.S., Manickam, S., Zulkapli, I. & Chew, K.L. (2005). Where the Rhino Roams : A Survey of the Vegetation of the Selai Area in the Endau-Rompin National Park, Johor, Malaysia. The Forests and Biodiversity of Selai Endau-Rompin. pp. 17-26. http://agris.upm.edu.my:8080/dspace/handle/0/6980
Book
  1. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Ahmad Fadzil, A.M., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Gunung Besar Hantu, Negeri Sembilan: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 254.
  2. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Yahaya, M., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Muhamad, A. & Latiff, A. (2012). Hutan Simpan Gunung Belumut, Johor: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 271.
  3. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  4. Azahar, M., Mohd. Hamami, S., Ahmad Said, S., Faridah, Q.Z., Nor Aini, A.S., Jalil, M.S. & Faridah-Hanum, I. (2006). Sustainable Management and Utilization of Medicinal Plant Resources: Proceedings of the International Conference on Medicinal Plants, 5-7 December 2005 Kuala Lumpur. Universiti Putra Malaysia dan Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 365.
  5. Hazebroek, H.P., Adlin, T.Z. & Sinun, W. (2011). Danum Valley: The Rain Forest. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 615.
  6. Lim, H.F. & Ismail, J. (1994). The Uses Of Non-Timber Forest Products In Pasoh Forest Reserve, Malaysia.. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 132.
  7. Paul Chai, P.K. (2006). Medicinal Plants of Sarawak. pp. 212.
  8. Shaharuddin, M.I., Che, H.H., Mohd. Puat, Dahalan, Jalil, M.S., Norhaidi, Y. & Latiff, A. (2005). Hutan Simpan Ulu Muda, Kedah: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal Dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 310.
  9. Shaharuddin, M.I., Mokhtar, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., M. Rahim, R. & Latiff, A. (2004). Taman Negeri Endau Rompin : Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 378.
  10. Soepadmo, E., Saw, L.G., Chung, R.C.K. & Kiew, R. (2014). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak, Volume 8. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 248.
Chapter in book
  1. Flower Characters. In Van Balgooy, M.M.J., Low, Y.W. & Wong, K.M. (Eds.), Spot-Characters for the Identification of Malesian Seed Plants. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Bhd. pp. 164-193.
Journal
  1. Malayan Nature Journal, Volume 73, Issue 3, p. 419, 2021

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Fatin Qurratul 'ain Binti Saberam, Mrs. Hakimah Binti Jaafar, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Hazan, Ms. Nur Ain Salsabiela Binti Hussain, Ms. Nur Atirah Binti Muhamad Seharudin, Ms. Nur Diana Aisyah Binti Khairul Anuar, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Mrs. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Mrs. Siti Yasmin Binti Yaakub, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Ms. Vanessa Ting Ching Ching & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Mohamad Aidil Noordin & Rafidah Abdul Rahman

Species Citation :- Anaxagorea javanica. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/17394. [Retrieved 18 April 2024].

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