Native Plants

Anisoptera costata

Mersawa Kesat
EN
Endangered
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2017
NT
Near Threatened
Malaysia Plant Red List
Peninsular Malaysia 2021
VU
Vulnerable
Sarawak Plant Red List
ver 3.1, 2015
NT
Near Threatened
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
2010
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 01829
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    costata Korth.
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Description

Known as mersawa kesat or pengiran kesat in Malay, this species is a large emergent tree growing up to 65 m tall and 1.6 m in diameter. This species can be found distributed across Malaysia where in Peninsular Malaysia, it occurs through the lowlands except for Malacca, Negeri Sembilan and Penang while in Sabah and Sarawak, it occurs in the mixed dipterocarp forests at altitudes to 700 m. (Yong et al., 2011). This species also occurs in Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, Indonesia, Borneo and the Philippines. Although several populations were found occurring in the Protected Areas Network, this species was assessed as Vulnerable for Malaysia due to habitat loss and forest conversion (Chua et al., 2010; Yong et al., 2011).

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Forest → Hill Dipterocarp Forest
Unknown Unknown
2
Forest → Lowland Dipterocarp Forest (Malayan, Burmese)
Unknown Unknown
3
Forest → Lowland Mixed Dipterocarp Forest
Unknown Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2021 Malaysia Plant Red List
Near Threatened (NT)
Peninsular Malaysia
N/A
2017 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
3.1
2015 Sarawak Plant Red List
Vulnerable (VU)
3.1
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Vulnerable (VU)
3.1
2010 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Near Threatened (NT)
N/A
1998 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
2.3
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Near Threatened (NT)
N/A

Structure

Leaf
2D Shape
 
Oblong
 
Obovate

Specimen

Collection Center   Total
6

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Chung, A.Y.C. (2004). Vertical stratification of beetles (Coleoptera) using flight intercept traps in a lowland rainforest of Sabah, Malaysia. Sepilok Bulletin. 1: pp. 27-39
  2. Dong, T.L., Beadle, C.L., Doyle, R. & Worledge, D. (2014). Site Conditions for Regeneration of Hopea odorata in Natural Evergreen Dipterocarp Forest in Southern Vietnam. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 26 (4): pp. 532-542
  3. Kaewgrajang, T., Sangwanit, U., Iwase, K., Kodama, M. & Yamato, M. (2013). Effects of Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Astraeus odoratus on Dipterocarpus alatus Seedlings. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 25 (2): pp. 200-205
  4. Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Kiew, R., Kamin, I. & Chung, R.C.K. (2017). Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One Ecosystem. 2 (e13708): pp. 41 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  5. Saw, L.G. & Sam, Y.Y. (1999). Conservation of Dipterocarpaceae in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 12(3): 593-615.
Book
  1. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi, Issue/No. . Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  2. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi, Issue/No. . Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  3. Chua, L.S.L., Suhaida, M., Hamidah, M. & Saw, L.G. (2010). Malaysia Plant Red List: Peninsular Malaysian Dipterocarpaceae, Issue/No. . Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) & Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 73, 146. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  4. Chua, L.S.L., Suhaida, M. & Aslina, B. (2012). Spesies Dipterokarpa Terancam di Semenanjung Malaysia, Issue/No. . Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 212. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  5. Faridah-Hanum, I. & Shamsul, K. (2004). A guide to the common plants of Ayer Hitam Forest, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia, Issue/No. . Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. pp. 220.
  6. Julaihi, L.C.J., Julia, S. & Vilma, B. (2016). Sarawak Plant Red List Dipterocarpaceae: Series II: Anisoptera, Cotylelobium, Hopea, Parashorea, Upuna & Vatica, Issue/No. . Sarawak Forestry Corporation Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia. pp. 105.
  7. Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. & MacKinven, A. (1998). The World List of Threatened Trees, Issue/No. . World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK. pp. 1-628.
  8. Soepadmo, E., Saw, L.G. & Chung, R.C.K. (2004). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak, Volume 5, Issue/No. . Sabah Forestry Department, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Sarawak Forestry Department, Malaysia. pp. 528.
  9. Yong, W.S.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Suhaida, M. & Aslina, B. (2011). Forest Research Institute Malaysia: A Sanctuary for Threatened Trees, Issue/No. 130. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 91.
  10. Yong, W.S.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Lau, K.H., Siti-Nur Fatinah, K., Cheah, Y.H., Yao, T.L., Rafidah, A.R., Lim, C.L., Syahida-Emiza, S., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Nor-Ezzawanis, A.T., Chew, M.Y., Siti Munirah, M.Y., Julius, A., Phoon, S.N., Sam, Y.Y., Nadiah, I., Ong, P.T., Sarah Nabila, R., Suhaida, M., Muhammad-Alif Azyraf, A., Siti Eryani, S., Yap, J.W., Jutta, M., Azeman, S., Salleh, N., Kiew, R. & Chung, R.C.K. (2021). Malaysia Red List: Plants of Peninsular Malaysia, Volume 1, Issue/No. 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 753.
Magazine/Bulletin
  1. Conservation Malaysia (22), 2015. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Conservation Malaysia (25), 2017. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Malaysian and Indonesian Timbers Equivalent Names. Timber Technology Bulletin: Compilation of Timber Technology Bulletins 1995-2015 (57), 2016. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mrs. Hazlina Ali, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Hazan, Ms. Nur Farahin Binti Mustafa, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- L.S.L. Chua & Wendy Yong Sze Yee

Species Citation :- Anisoptera costata. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/1829. [Retrieved 02 July 2022].

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Website Citation: MyBIS (2022). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet https://www.mybis.gov.my/, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 02 July 2022].