Native Animals

Cynopterus brachyotis

Lesser Short-nosed Fruit Bat
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2019
QR Code
SSN 18503
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    brachyotis (Müller, 1838)
  • Infraspecific
    • subsp. altitudinus
  • Common Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Adult
Adult
Adult
Adult

Description

Cynopterus brachyotis or the Lesser short-nosed fruit bat is one of the commonest and most widespread fruit bats. It mainly feeds on small fruits by sucking out the juices and soft pulp, and spitting out the seeds and fibrous matter as a flat oval pellet. This species is distributed in Sri Lanka, South-East Asia, Philippines and Indonesia (Payne et al., 1985). It is one of the most widely distributed bats in the region and has been collected from many locations in Peninsular Malaysia such as Pulau Langkawi (Kedah), Pulau Tinggi (Johore), and Pulau Redang (Terengganu) (Khan, 1992). 

The Lesser short-nosed fruit bat has a dog-like face, large dark eyes, and brown to yellowish brown fur with a distinct dark orange collar in adult males, and yellowish in females. The fur of immature bat is grey and with an indistinct collar. The edges of its ears and wings are usually white. It has two pairs of lower incisors.

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Artificial - Terrestrial → Plantations
Suitable Unknown
2
Artificial - Terrestrial → Rural Gardens
Suitable Unknown
3
Artificial - Terrestrial → Urban Areas
Marginal Unknown
4
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
Suitable Unknown
5
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2019 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
N/A

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 2
  • Kedah 1
  • Kelantan 1
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 3
  • Perak 2
  • Sarawak 4
  • Terengganu 2
  • Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur 1
  • Federal Territories of Putrajaya 3
by Protected Areas Location
  • Wildlife Sanctuary/Reserve 1
  • National/State Park 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amy Then Yee Hui (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Seahorses (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
David Magintan (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Mammals
  • Elephants
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Faisal Ali Anwarali Khan (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Mammals
  • Bats
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Farah Shafawati Mohd Taib (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Birds
  • Mammals
  • Rodents
  • Treeshrews
  • Squirrels
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
Jayaraj Vijaya Kumaran (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Genetics
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
Jeffrine Rovie Ryan Japning (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Monkeys
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Juliana Bt Senawi (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Bats
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Evolution
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Kayal Vizi Karuppannan (Mrs.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Elephants
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Midhat Nabil Ahmad Salimi (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Education
  • Environment
  • Genetics
  • History
  • Management
  • Medical
  • Molecular
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Synthetic Biology
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SEA
  • W
Mohammad Shahfiz Azman (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Amphibians
  • Mammals
  • Birds
  • Awareness
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Landscape
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Tajuddin Abdullah (Prof. Dato' Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Nasharuddin Bin Othman (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Rahimatsah Amat (Dr.)
Sabah Environmental Trust (SET)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Environment
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • SEA
Rahmat Topani (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Rosli Ramli (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Saifullah A. Jaaman @ Sharman (Assoc. Prof.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Sheema Abdul Aziz (Dr.)
Rimba
  • Bats
  • Flying Foxes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • Wildlife Trade
  • PM
Tan Cheng Cheng (Ms.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
Tan Poai Ean (Ms.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Bats
  • Mammals
  • Rodents
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Management
  • PM
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Khan, F.A.A., Sazali, S.N., Jayaraj, V.K., Aban, S., Zaini, M.K., Ketol, B., Japning, J.R.R., Julaihi, A.M., Hall, L.S. & Abdullah, M.T. (2007). Bats of Bako National Park, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Sarawak Museum Journal 63 (84): pp. 27
  2. Mohd-Hanif, R.M.D., Nur-Aida, M.T., Zahirunisa, A.R., Mohd-Ridwan, A.R. & Abdullah, M.T. (2015). Contribution of Regenerated Forest in Conservation of Bats in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 27 (4): pp. 506-516
  3. Tan, K.H., Kunz, T.H. & Akbar, Z. (1998). Food habits of Cynopterus brachyotis (Muller) (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14: pp. 299-307
  4. Hodgkison, R., Balding, S.T., Akbar, Z. & Kunz, T.H. (2004). Habitat structure, wing morphology, and the vertical stratification of Malaysian fruit bats (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 20 (6): pp. 667-673
  5. Azhar, I., Mohd-Ridwan, A.R., Ho, L., Gani, M., Yasin, S.M. & Abdullah, M.T. (2013). A Note on Bats from Camp 5, Mulu World Heritage Area, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Malayan Nature Journal 64 (4): pp. 169-184
  6. Jayaraj, V.K., Daud, S.H.M., Azhar, M.-I., Shahrul Anuar, M.S., Mokhtar, S.I. & Abdullah, M.T. (2013). Diversity and Conservation status of Mammals in Wang Kelian State Park, Perlis, Malaysia. Check List. 9 (6): pp. 1439-1448
  7. Benda, P. (2010). On a small collection of bats (Chiroptera) from western Sabah (North Borneo, East Malaysia). Vespertilio 13: pp. 45-76
  8. Aziz, S.A., Clements, G.R., McConkey, K.R., Sritongchuay, T., Pathil, S., Abu Yazid, M.N.H., Campos-Arceiz, A., Forget, P.M. & Bumrungsri, S. (2017). Pollination by the locally endangered island flying fox (Pteropus hypomelanus) enhances fruit production of the economically important durian (Durio zibethinus). Ecology and Evolution: pp. 1-15
  9. Shahfiz, M.A., Shahrul Anuar, M.S., Kaviarasu, M., Fauzi, M.Z. & Rizal, M.R. (2013). Preliminary Checklist of Mammals at Sungai Enam in Temengor Forest Reserve, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. : pp. 197-214
  10. Ramli, R. & Hashim, R. (2009). Diversity of Small Mammals Inhabiting Disturbed Forest: A Case Study on Kenaboi Forest Reserve, Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Science 28 (4): pp. 481-490
  11. Khan, F.A.A., Swier, V. J., Solari, S., Larsen, P. A., Ketol, B., Marni, W., Ellagupillay, S., Lakim, M., Abdullah, M.T. & Baker, R. J. (2008). Using genetics and morphology to examine species diversity of Old World bats: report of a recent collection from Malaysia. Natural Science Research Laboratory, Museum of Texas Tech University. (281): pp. 1-29
  12. Tuen, A.A., Lakim, M. & Hall, L. (2002). Preliminary Survey of Bats of the Crocker Range National Park Sabah, Malaysia. ASEAN Review of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation (ARBEC) July-September: pp. 8
  13. Lim, B.L. (1973). Breeding pattern, food habits and parasitic infestation of bats in Gunong Brinchang. Malayan Nature Journal 26: pp. 6-13 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  14. Lim, B.L., Lim, K.K.P. & Yong, H.S. (1999). The Terrestrial Mammals of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia, with a catalogue of Specimens at the Raffles Museum, National University of Singapore. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 101-123
  15. Aziz, S.A., McConkey, K.R., Tanalgo, K, Sritongchuay, T., Low, M.R., Ong, J.Y., Mildenstein, TL, Nuevo-Diego, CE, Lim, V.C. & Racey, P.A. (2021). The Critical Importance of Old World Fruit Bats for Healthy Ecosystems and Economies. Front. Ecol. Evol. 9 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  16. Shazali, N., Rahman, S.P.H., Tahir, N.F.D.A., Murni, R., Latip, N.A., Naharuddin, N.M., Azhar, I., McArthur, E., Khalik, M.Z., Mohd-Ridwan, A.R., Khan, F.A.A. & Tingga, R.C.T. (2016). Small mammals from Miri, northeastern region of Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo: note on new locality records. Check List: The Journal of Biodiversity Data 12 (2): pp. 10
  17. Lim, V.C., Ramli, R., Bhassu, S. & Wilson, J.J. (2017). A checklist of the bats of Peninsular Malaysia and progress towards a DNA barcode reference library. PLOS ONE 12 (7): pp. e0179555
  18. Sing, K.W., Syaripuddin, K. & Wilson, J.J. (2013). Changing perspectives on the diversity of bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) at Ulu Gombak since the establishment of the field study centre in 1965. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 29: pp. 211-217
  19. Tan, K.H., Kunz, T.H. & Akbar, Z. (1997). Tent construction and social organization in Cynopterus brachyotis (Muller) (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Natural History 31 (11): pp. 1065-1621
  20. Aihara, Y., Hosaka, T., Yasuda, M., Hashim, M. & Numata, S. (2016). Mammalian Wildlife Tourism in South-East Asian Tropical Rainforests: The Case of Endau Rompin National Park, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 28 (2): pp. 167-181
Book
  1. Heritage of Kubang Badak: Guide to Discover Kubang Badak Biogeotrail, 2018. Pusat Penyelidikan Langkawi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia & Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi, Malaysia. pp. 62.
  2. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Mohamed Zin, Y., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2013). Banjaran Bintang Gunung Inas, Kedah: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 245.
  3. Phang, S.M., Affendi, Y.A., Ooi, J.L.S. & Haji, A.J.M. (2008). Natural History of The Pulau Tioman Group of Islands. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), University of Malaya, Malaysia. pp. 292.
  4. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Ahmad Fadzil, A.M., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Gunung Besar Hantu, Negeri Sembilan: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 254.
  5. Ainsworth, G. & Steven, Garnett (2009). RIMBA: Sustainable Forest Livelihoods in Malaysia and Australia. Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 163.
  6. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  7. Yasuma, S., Bernard, H. & Mahyudin, A. (2005). Pocket Guide: The Bornean Mammals: CHIROPTERA, Volume 2, Issue/No. 1. Research and Education Component, BBEC Programme, c/o Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ITBC), Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS), 2004, Malaysia. pp. 67.
  8. Norhayati, A. & Chong, M.H.N. (2016). Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of Putrajaya Lake and Wetland. Perbadanan Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 100.
  9. Faridah, M., Ibrahim, Y.S., Nursalwa, B., Abd Rahman Azmi, A.A. & Borkhanuddin, M.H. (2017). Invertebrates of Setiu Wetlands. Penerbit UMT, Malaysia. pp. 1-209.
  10. Shaharuddin, M.I., Dahalan, H.T., Abdullah Sani, Shafie, Jalil, M.S., Faridah-Hanum, I. & Latiff, A. (2005). Taman Negeri Gunung Stong, Kelantan: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Biologi dan Sosio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 442.
  11. Gumal, M.T., Hon, J. & Kong, D. (2008). Birds and Bats of Loagan Bunut National Park Sarawak, Malaysia, Issue/No. 11. Peat Swamp Forest Project, UNDP/GEF Funded (MAL/99/G31) in collaboration with the Sarawak Forest Department and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Malaysia. pp. 1-105.
  12. Shaharuddin, M.I., Azahar, M., Razani, U., Kamaruzaman, A.B., Lim, K.L., Suhaili, R., Jalil, M.S. & Latiff, A. (2005). Sustainable Management of Matang Mangroves: 100 Years and Beyond. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 531.
  13. Khan, M.M. (1992). Mamalia Semenanjung Malaysia. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara (PERHILITAN), Malaysia. pp. 182.
  14. Latiff, A. (2010). Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve: Green Lung of Kuala Lumpur. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 100.
  15. Razani, U., Koh, H.L., Nik Mohd. Shah, N.M., Damanhuri, A. & Latiff, A. (2010). Hutan Simpan Bintang Hijau, Perak: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 281.
  16. Shaharuddin, M.I., Che, H.H., Mohd. Puat, Dahalan, Jalil, M.S., Norhaidi, Y. & Latiff, A. (2005). Hutan Simpan Ulu Muda, Kedah: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal Dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 310.
  17. Maimon, A. (2008). Biodiversity of Sungai Pulai: Ramsar Site, Johor. Earth Observation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 97.
  18. Mohammad, M.S., Zainon, K & Zulfadhlan, A.K. (2013). Proceedings of The 2nd Temengor Scientific Expedition 2012. Pulau Banding Foundation, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 388.
  19. Mohammad Khairi, A (2007). Taman Negara Pulau Pinang: Sinar Mutiara Belantara. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  20. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Masran, M.S., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Muhamad, A. & Latiff, A. (2012). Hutan Pulau Pangkor, Perak: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 287.
  21. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  22. Shaharuddin, M.I., Sahidin, A.R., Nor, S.M., Jalil, M.S., Razani, U., Nik Mohd. Shah, N.M. & Latiff, A. (2005). Gunung Nuang, Selangor: Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 221.
  23. Maimon, A., Norhayati, A. & Sharifah Mastura, S.A. (2019). Biodiversity in Oil Palm Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. pp. 123.
  24. Nee, T. A. & Norhayati, N. (2018). Compendium of Facts and Figures. 3rd Edition, Volume 3. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 174.
  25. Payne, J. & Francis, C.M. (1985). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo. The Sabah Society, Malaysia. pp. 326.
  26. Phillipps, Q. & Phillipps, K. (2016). Phillipps’ Guide to the Mammals of Borneo and their Ecology: Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei, and Kalimantan. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. pp. 400.
  27. Senawi, J. & Norhayati, A. (2021). Kelawar Malaysia / Bats of Malaysia. Kementerian Tenaga & Sumber Asli, Malaysia. pp. 80.
  28. T. Marina, T. Ibrahim & Shamsul, K. (2009). Kepelbagaian Biologi Flora, Fauna dan Nilai Ekonomi Hutan Simpan Tranum, Pahang. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 140.
  29. Hazebroek, H.P., Adlin, T.Z. & Sinun, W. (2011). Danum Valley: The Rain Forest. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 615.
  30. Shaharuddin, M.I., Mokhtar, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., M. Rahim, R. & Latiff, A. (2004). Taman Negeri Endau Rompin : Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 378.
  31. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Yahaya, M., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Muhamad, A. & Latiff, A. (2012). Hutan Simpan Gunung Belumut, Johor: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 271.
Chapter in book
  1. Inventori Hidupan Liar di Putrajaya. In Pelan Pengurusan Hidupan Liar Putrajaya. PERHILITAN & Perbadanan Putrajaya. pp. 1-52.
  2. Davison, G.W.H. & Akbar, Z. (2007). The Status of Mammalian Biodiversity in Malaysia. In Chua, L.S.L., Kirton, L.G. & Saw, L.G. (Eds.), Status of Biological Diversity in Malaysia and Threat Assessment of Plant Species in Malaysia: Proceedings of the Seminar and Workshop, 28-30 June 2005. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). pp. 3-27.
  3. Lim, B.L., Ratnam, L. & Hussien, N. A. (2003). Small Mammals Diversity in Pasoh Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Peninsular Malaysia. In Okuda, T., Manokaran, N. & Ashton, P.S. (Eds.), Pasoh: Ecology of a Lowland Rain Forest in Southeast Asia. Springer Tokyo. pp. 403-411.
Short-note
  1. A Note on the Chance Preying by a Western Tarsier on Fruit Bats in Malaysian Borneo (February 1998)
Thesis
  1. Diversification of Old World Bats in Malaysia: An Evolutionary and Phylogeography Hypothesis tested through the Genetic Species Concept (May 2008)

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Mr. Ahmad Hafizuddin Bin Rohim@rahim, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ainul Aqilah Binti Mohd Nasir, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Ms. Anis Syafiqah Binti Mohamad Amir Hamzah, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Fatin Qurratul 'ain Binti Saberam, Mrs. Hakimah Binti Jaafar, Ms. Heng Pooi San, Ms. Intan Nazira Binti Abdul Sani, Mrs. Juriah A/p Nibong, Mr. Kalip Bin Matkasim, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Muhamad Hamidin Bin Hassan, Mr. Muhammad Farhan Bin Abd Wahab, Ms. Noor Amira Aini Binti Noor Anwar, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Mrs. Nuramirah Binti Mat Zain, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Mrs. Nurina Binti Kamarudin, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Ms. Umairah Binti Ishak & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Cynopterus brachyotis. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/18503. Downloaded on 20 June 2021.

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