Native Plants

Dysoxylum cauliflorum

Dedali
LC
Least Concern
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
2013
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 01943
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    cauliflorum Hiern
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Fruits

Description

Dysoxylum cauliflorum is characterized as a medium-sized tree up to 30 m tall. The grey bark is smooth, lenticellate and bosses of defunct inflorescences to mottled brown with rectangular flakes. The fawn inner bark has sour smell. The leaves are imparipinnate and consist of 5 to 6 pairs of leaflet. The inflorescences are in spikes, situated on persistent woody tubercles on bole almost from ground level or along the branches (rarely in axils of the old leaves). The flowers are intensely fragrant of almonds and musk.  The petals are 3 to 4, linear-oblong, acute, glabrous, white to pinkish or creamish. The fruits are solitary or in cluster, ovoid, sometimes 3–4-angled or weakly winged, blunt, glabrous, ripening rose-red, splitting into four valves with each valve bright orange within. The pericarps are with milky latex. The seeds are 1 to 4, born on white placenta and with the aril covering half of the testa.

This species is a common tree from Southeast Asia and west Malesia, eastwards to Borneo and Palawan where it occurs in rain forest up to 1500 m altitude. It is common throughout Peninsular Malaysia. The vernacular names of this plant in Peninsular Malaysia are ‘dedali’, ‘langga ayer’ and ‘pokok parong’.

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Forest → Freshwater Swamp Forest
Unknown Unknown
2
Forest → Hill Dipterocarp Forest
Unknown Unknown
3
Forest → Lowland Dipterocarp Forest (Malayan, Burmese)
Unknown Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Location

by State Location
  • Kelantan 1
  • Pahang 4
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center Total
2

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Aggarwal, S. & Sosef, M.S.M. (1998). Dysoxylum cauliflorum Hiern. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers , volume 5 (3). pp. 200
  2. Latiff, A., Faridah-Hanum, I., Zainudin Ibrahim, A., Goh, M.W.K., Loo, A.H.B. & Tan, H.T.W. (1999). On the Vegetation and Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 11-72
  3. Jamilah, M.S., Nur-Faiezah, A.G., Siti Kehirah, A., Siti Mariam, M.N. & Razali, M.S. (2014). Woody Plants on Dune Landscape of Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 26 (2): pp. 267-274
  4. Lina, E., Ong, H.C. & Milow, P. (2012). Traditional knowledge and usage of edible plants among the Semai community of Kampung Batu 16, Tapah, Perak, Malaysia. Scientific Research and Essays 7 (4): pp. 441-445
Book
  1. Shaharuddin, M.I., Dahalan, H.T., Abdullah Sani, Shafie, Jalil, M.S., Faridah-Hanum, I. & Latiff, A. (2005). Taman Negeri Gunung Stong, Kelantan: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Biologi dan Sosio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 442.
  2. Phang, S.M., Affendi, Y.A., Ooi, J.L.S. & Haji, A.J.M. (2008). Natural History of The Pulau Tioman Group of Islands. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), University of Malaya, Malaysia. pp. 292.
  3. Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Saw, L.G. & Soepadmo, E. (2013). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series II: Seed Plants, Volume 4. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 405.
  4. Shaharuddin, M.I., Che, H.H., Mohd. Puat, Dahalan, Jalil, M.S., Norhaidi, Y. & Latiff, A. (2005). Hutan Simpan Ulu Muda, Kedah: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal Dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 310.
  5. Shaharuddin, M.I., Mokhtar, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., M. Rahim, R. & Latiff, A. (2004). Taman Negeri Endau Rompin : Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 378.
  6. Mohd Nazip, S., Rahmat, Mohamad, Zaini, A. & Mohamad Azlan, M.A. (2011). Kuala Keniam: Nature's Treasure Trove in The Heartland. University Publication Centre (UPENA), Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 134.
  7. T. Marina, T. Ibrahim & Shamsul, K. (2009). Kepelbagaian Biologi Flora, Fauna dan Nilai Ekonomi Hutan Simpan Tranum, Pahang. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 140.
  8. Soepadmo, E., Saw, L.G., Chung, R.C.K. & Kiew, R. (2007). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak, Volume 6. Sabah Forestry Department, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Sarawak Forestry Department, Malaysia. pp. 335.
  9. Zawiah, N. & Othaman, H. (2012). 99 Spesies Buah di FRIM. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia, Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar, Malaysia. pp. 22-23, 256.
Magazine/Bulletin
  1. Identification and Utilization of Lesser-Known Commercial Timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 7: Hantu Duri, Jarum-jarum, Jelutong Pipit and Kasah. Timber Technology Bulletin (41), 2006. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Nur Diana Bt Mohd Rusdi, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif & Mr. Tan Kok Kiat

Citation :- Dysoxylum cauliflorum. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/1943. Downloaded on 15 October 2019.

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