Native Animals

Eretmochelys imbricata

Hawksbill Turtle
CR
Critically Endangered
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
2009
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SSN 21128
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Taxonomy

The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Description

The Hawksbill Turtle or Penyu Karah in Malay is one of four sea turtle species that are known to nest in Malaysia. It has four pairs of distinctly overlapping costal scutes, two pairs of prefrontal scales and long and pointed jaws. The underside is cream and the shell is flamed brown (Das, 2010). This sea turtle live on coral reefs and usually around offshore islands. It feeds mainly on sponges but also take other organisms. Females lay about 32-250 eggs per clutch and nesting beaches occur scattered throughout the tropics to prevent large-scale egg collection and slaughter of adults and it also complicates conservation effects.

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Oviparous   —   Reproduction through production of eggs that have membranes and/or shells.
 
Terrestrial   —   An animal that lives on/near the ground or a plant that grows on/in/from land

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Intertidal → Mangrove Submerged Roots
Suitable Unknown
2
Marine Intertidal → Mud Flats and Salt Flats
Suitable Unknown
3
Marine Intertidal → Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, etc.
Suitable Unknown
4
Marine Neritic → Coral Reef - Foreslope (Outer Reef Slope)
Suitable Unknown
5
Marine Neritic → Coral Reef - Outer Reef Channel
Suitable Unknown
6
Marine Neritic → Macroalgal/Kelp
Suitable Unknown
7
Marine Neritic → Pelagic
Suitable Unknown
8
Marine Neritic → Seagrass (Submerged)
Suitable Unknown
9
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Muddy
Suitable Unknown
10
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
Suitable Unknown
11
Marine Oceanic → Epipelagic (0 - 200 m)
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Critically Endangered (CR)
N/A
2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Critically Endangered (CR)
3.1
1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Critically Endangered (CR)
N/A
1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
N/A
1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
N/A
1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
N/A
1986 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
N/A
1982 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
N/A

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Charles Leh Moi Ung (Dr.)
Sarawak Museum Department (JMS)
  • Fishes
  • Turtle, Tortoise, and Terrapin
  • Crustaceans
  • Biodiversity
  • Science
  • SWK
Chen Pelf Nyok (Dr.)
Turtle Conservation Society of Malaysia (TCS)
  • Turtle, Tortoise, and Terrapin (Ecology)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Education
  • Environment
  • PM
Kaviarasu Munian (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • PM
Lim Boo Liat (Dr.)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Rodents (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Invasive Alien Species
Mohamad Rosni Bin Othman (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Coral Reefs
  • Turtle, Tortoise, and Terrapin
  • Amphibians
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Mohd Abdul Muin Bin Md Akil (Mr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Amphibians
  • Birds
  • Reptiles
  • Snakes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
Teo Eng Wah (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Reptiles
  • Amphibians
  • Invasive Alien Species
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Book
  1. ASEAN Biodiversity Outlook 2, 2017. ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, Philippines. pp. 220. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Handbook on the Living Marine Resources of Malaysia Marine Park, 2011. Department of Marine Park Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 123.
  3. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  4. Malaysian Naturalist, Volume 74, Issue/No. 4, 2021. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 311.
  5. Pesona Perikanan Malaysia, 2016. Jabatan Perikanan Malaysia.
  6. Beastall, C.A. & Chng, S.C.L. (2021). Identification of Commonly Traded Wildlife in Southeast Asia. TRAFFIC, Southeast Asia Regional Office, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  7. Das, I. (2010). A Field Guide to the Reptiles of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers (UK), England. pp. 369.
  8. Kolby, J.E (2021). Identification Guide to Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles: Parts, Products and Derivatives in Trade. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  9. Mohammad Khairi, A (2007). Taman Negara Pulau Pinang: Sinar Mutiara Belantara. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  10. Saleem, M. (2007). Marine BioValley Universiti Malaysia Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. pp. 1-67.
  11. Vie, J.-C, Hilton-Taylor, C. & Stuart, S.N. (2009). Wildlife in a Changing World - An Analysis of the 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 180. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
Chapter in book
  1. Das, I. & Norsham, S.Y. (2007). Status of Knowledge of The Malaysia Herpetofauna. In Chua, L.S.L., Kirton, L.G. & Saw, L.G. (Eds.), Status of Biological Diversity in Malaysia and Threat Assessment of Plant Species in Malaysia: Proceedings of the Seminar and Workshop, 28-30 June 2005. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). pp. 31-81.
  2. Kamarruddin, I., Nazuki, S. & Zaidnuddin, I.A Survey on Marine Turtles in Pulau Layang Layang, Malaysia. In Mohamed, P.A. (Ed.), Marine Biodiversity of Pulau Layang Layang, Malaysia. Marine Research Station Layang Layang (MARSAL), Fisheries Research Institute, Department of Fisheries Malaysia. pp. 34-42.
  3. Gambang, A.C., Daud, A., Lim, A.P.K. & Osman, M. (2004). Fish Community of Pulau Layang Layang. In Mohamed, P.A. (Ed.), Marine Biodiversity of Pulau Layang Layang, Malaysia. Marine Research Station Layang Layang (MARSAL), Fisheries Research Institute, Department of Fisheries Malaysia. pp. 43-58.
Pamphlet/Brochure
  1. Identification Sheets for Wildlife Species Traded in Southeast Asia (2008) — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Turtles of Malaysia (2019) — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Noor Amira Aini Binti Noor Anwar, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurliyana Binti Abd Rahman, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Species Citation :- Eretmochelys imbricata. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/21128. [Retrieved 22 May 2022].

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