Native Animals

Pycnonotus zeylanicus

Straw-headed Bulbul
CR
Critically Endangered
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2018
QR Code
SSN 22449
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Taxonomy

Gallery  

Adult
Adult
Adult
Adult
Adult
Adult
Adult

Description

The largest of the Southeast Asian bulbuls, Pycnonoyus zeylanicus or commonly known as the straw-headed bulbul, is belongs to family Pycnonotidae. It occurs in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma, Thailand and Singapore. Straw-headed bulbul can be identified by its size which is bigger than other bulbul species. It has a rich golden-yellowish crown which appears streaked or furrowed, a blackish moustache and marks through the eyes, pale throat and underparts and obscure narrow light streaks at its breast and back. The juvenile has a slight difference from the adults which it has duller and browner head. This species has been threathened by habitat loss and poaching (BirdLife International, 2018).

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Artificial - Terrestrial → Arable Land
Marginal Resident
2
Artificial - Terrestrial → Plantations
Marginal Resident
3
Artificial - Terrestrial → Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest
Suitable Resident
4
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Forest Vegetation Above High Tide Level
Marginal Resident
5
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
Suitable Resident
6
Shrubland → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Shrubland
Suitable Resident
7
Wetlands → Permanent Rivers, Streams, Creeks [includes waterfalls]
Suitable Resident
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2018 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Critically Endangered (CR)
3.1
2016 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
3.1
2012 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
3.1
2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Near Threatened (NT)
N/A

Specimen

Collection Center   Total
3

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Abdul Rahman (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • Wildlife Trade
  • PM
Azmi Mat Ali (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Birds (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Wildlife Trade
  • PM
Farah Shafawati Mohd Taib (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Birds
  • Mammals
  • Rodents
  • Treeshrews
  • Squirrels
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
Ismail Bin Hj. Mamat (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Meor Amran Bin Meor Zulkifilee (Mr.)
Birdgroup Taman Negara (BGTN)
  • Birds
  • Business
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Tourism
  • PM
Mohammad Shahfiz Azman (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Amphibians
  • Mammals
  • Birds
  • Awareness
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Landscape
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Abdul Muin Bin Md Akil (Mr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Amphibians
  • Birds
  • Reptiles
  • Snakes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
Rahmah Binti Ilias (Mrs.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Rosli Ramli (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Syaizwan Zahmir Zulkifli (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Water
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Book
  1. A visitor's guidebook to Endau-Rompin (Johor) National Park, 2019. Johor National Parks Corporation and UNDP Malaysia. pp. 108.
  2. Biodiversity in Plantation Landscapes, 2012. Wild Asia and the Malaysian Palm Oil Council, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 130. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Birds of FRIM, 2003. Forest Research Institute of Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 49.
  4. MNS Bird Conservation Council. 2015. A Checklist of the Birds of Malaysia Second Edition. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Nature Society - Bird Conservation Council, Malaysia. pp. 60.
  5. Tan, K.K., Nurfarhana-Hizan, H. & Abdul Razak, M.N.R. (2020). Threatened Bird Species of Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 42. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  6. Hazebroek, H.P., Adlin, T.Z. & Sinun, W. (2011). Danum Valley: The Rain Forest. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 615.
  7. Davison, G.W.H. & Chew, Y. F. (1995). A Photographic Guide to Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. New Holand Ltd. pp. 144.
  8. Francis, C.M. (1998). A Pocket Guide To The Birds of Borneo, Third Edition. The Sabah Society, Malaysia.
  9. Hasdi, Hassan (2008). Rezab Hidupan Liar Sungai Dusun: Inspirasi Rimba Alam. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara (PERHILITAN), Malaysia. pp. 74.
  10. Myers, S. (2009). A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo. Simon Papps, Singapore. pp. 272.
  11. Jeyarajasingam, A., Norhayati, A., Yasser, M.A. & Ilias, R. (2016). Burung-burung Malaysia : Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 165. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) | eBook (EPUB) ]
  12. Nee, T. A. & Norhayati, N. (2018). Compendium of Facts and Figures. 3rd Edition, Volume 3. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 174.
  13. Omar, R. (2018). Birds of the Forests of Peninsular Malaysia: A Photographic Guide. Strategic Information and Research Development Centre, Malaysia. pp. 351.
  14. Praveena, B.K. & Maria Arlene, J.A.S. (2013). Compendium of Facts and Figures. 2nd Edition. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 161.
  15. Ratnam, L. (1995). Windows on The Forest: Glimpses of FRIM for the Nature Loving Visitor, Issue/No. 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 143.
  16. Rosla, M. (2014). Burung-burung di Semenanjung Malaysia: Hak Milik Kita yang Terlepas Pandang, Volume 1. Red Door To Hunt, Malaysia. pp. 369.
  17. Shaharuddin, M.I., Mokhtar, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., M. Rahim, R. & Latiff, A. (2004). Taman Negeri Endau Rompin : Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 378.
  18. Jamaludin, H., Yatim, H.S.H., Abu Hashim, A.K., Saaban, S., Hassan, H., Othman, A. & Mohd Nor, D.H. (2007). Avifauna: Taman Negara: Senarai Spesies. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara Malaysia (PERHILITAN), Malaysia. pp. 44.
Checklist
  1. Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara (1981)

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Ms. Adibah Syahirah Binti Mohd Mansor, Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mr. Allen Jeyarajasingam, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mr. Khirull Anuar Saaidun, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nursyafiqa Madzlen, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Pycnonotus zeylanicus. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/22449. Downloaded on 20 June 2021.

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