Native Animals

Tyto alba

Barn Owl
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2016
QR Code
SSN 22680
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Taxonomy

Gallery  

Adult
Adult
Adult

Description

Tyto alba or commonly known as barn owl belongs to the family Tytonidae. It has a white, ghost-like appearance that many people thought it to be associated with bad omens and even death. However, this is just misbelief, in which many people fear and sometimes harm the barn owl.

When the barn owl is alert, its flattened out face shaped will become almost circular. When it is relaxed, the face of barn owl will be changed into a more heart-shaped appearance. The barn owl is a nocturnal animal. The body length of a barn owl is ranged from 35 to 50 cm, while the wingspan can reach up to 1 meter long.

Barn owls can be found almost worldwide, with its habitat ranged from countrysides, open fields, agricultural grasslands to wetlands. Due to their widespread range, the population of this owl is stable and is considered as Least Concern under the IUCN Red List. This owl is totally protected under Conservation Wildlife Act 2010.

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Nocturnal   —   Active during the night

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Artificial - Aquatic → Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches
Suitable Non-breeding
2
Artificial - Aquatic → Irrigated Land [includes irrigation channels]
Suitable Non-breeding
3
Artificial - Aquatic → Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land
Suitable Non-breeding
4
Artificial - Aquatic → Wastewater Treatment Areas
Suitable Resident
5
Artificial - Aquatic → Water Storage Areas [over 8 ha]
Suitable Resident
6
Artificial - Terrestrial → Arable Land
Suitable Resident
7
Artificial - Terrestrial → Pastureland
Suitable Resident
8
Artificial - Terrestrial → Plantations
Suitable Resident
9
Artificial - Terrestrial → Rural Gardens
Suitable Resident
10
Artificial - Terrestrial → Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest
Suitable Resident
11
Artificial - Terrestrial → Urban Areas
Marginal Resident
12
Caves and Subterranean Habitats → Caves
Suitable Breeding
13
Grassland → Subtropical/Tropical Dry Lowland Grassland
Suitable Resident
14
Grassland → Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude Grassland
Suitable Resident
15
Grassland → Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded Lowland Grassland
Suitable Resident
16
Grassland → Temperate Grassland
Suitable Resident
17
Savanna → Dry Savanna
Suitable Resident
18
Shrubland → Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation
Suitable Resident
19
Shrubland → Subtropical/Tropical Dry Shrubland
Suitable Resident
20
Shrubland → Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude Shrubland
Suitable Resident
21
Shrubland → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Shrubland
Suitable Resident
22
Wetlands → Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands [generally over 8 ha]
Marginal Resident
23
Wetlands → Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools [under 8 ha]
Suitable Resident
24
Wetlands → Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools [under 8 ha]
Suitable Resident
25
Wetlands → Shrub Dominated Wetlands
Suitable Resident
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Location

by State Location
  • Kedah 1
  • Penang 1
  • Perak 1
  • WP Putrajaya 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center Total
5

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Abdul Rahman (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • Wildlife Trade
  • PM
Azmi Mat Ali (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Birds (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Wildlife Trade
  • PM
Ismail Bin Hj. Mamat (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Meor Amran Bin Meor Zulkifilee (Mr.)
Birdgroup Taman Negara (BGTN)
  • Birds
  • Business
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Tourism
  • PM
Mohd Abdul Muin Bin Md Akil (Mr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Amphibians
  • Birds
  • Reptiles
  • Snakes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
Rahmah Binti Ilias (Mrs.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Rosli Ramli (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Syaizwan Zahmir Zulkifli (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Water
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Duckett, J.E. (1991). Management of the barn owl (Tyto alba javanica) as a predator of rats in oil palm (Elaeis quineensis) plantations in Malaysia. Birds of Prey Bulletin , Vol. 4: pp. 11-23
  2. Hafidzi, M.N. & Saayon, M.K. (2001). Status of Rat Infestation and Recent Control Strategies in Oil Palm Plantations in Peninsular Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 24 (2): pp. 109-114
  3. Jambari, A., Azhar, B., Ibrahim, N.L., Jamian, S., Hussin, A., Chong, L.P., Noor, H.M., Yusof, E. & Zakaria, M. (2012). Avian Biodiversity and Conservation in Malaysian Oil Palm Production Areas. Journal of Oil Palm Research 24: pp. 1277-1286
  4. Azman, N.M., Abdul Latip, N.S., Shahrul Anuar, M.S., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Shafie, N.J. & Khairuddin, N.L. (2011). Avian Diversity and Feeding Guilds in a Secondary Forest, an Oil Palm Plantation and a Paddy Field in Riparian Areas of the Kerian River Basin, Perak, Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research (TSLR) 22 (2): pp. 45–64
  5. Azman, N.M., Abdul Latip, N.S., Shahrul Anuar, M.S., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Ahmad, A. & Shafie, N.J. (2014). Diversity and Temporal Distribution of Birds in Rice-Growing Landscape,Northern Peninsular Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana 43 (4): pp. 513-520
Book
  1. A Checklist of the Birds of Malaysia Second Edition, 2015. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Nature Society - Bird Conservation Council, Malaysia. pp. 60.
  2. Pelan Pengurusan Hidupan Liar Putrajaya, 1998. PERHILITAN & Perbadanan Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 100.
  3. Ilias, R., Aminurddin Ahmad, M., Yatim, H.S.H., Abu Hashim, A.K., Hassan, H., Othman, A. & Abidin, F.A.Z. (2007). Avifauna: Kuala Gula, Perak: Senarai Spesies. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara Malaysia (PERHILITAN), Malaysia. pp. 21.
  4. Davison, G.W.H. & Chew, Y. F. (1995). A Photographic Guide to Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. New Holand Ltd. pp. 144.
  5. Jamaludin, H., Yatim, H.S.H., Abu Hashim, A.K., Saaban, S., Hassan, H., Othman, A. & Mohamad Rufino, B.M. (2007). Avifauna: Paya Indah Wetlands: Senarai Spesies. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara Malaysia (PERHILITAN), Malaysia. pp. 21.
  6. Myers, S. (2009). A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo. Simon Papps, Singapore. pp. 272.
  7. Jamaludin, H., Yatim, H.S.H., Abu Hashim, A.K., Saaban, S., Hassan, H., Othman, A. & Mohd Nor, D.H. (2007). Avifauna: Taman Negara: Senarai Spesies. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara Malaysia (PERHILITAN), Malaysia. pp. 44.
  8. Asyraf, M., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Shahrul Anuar, M.S. & Rahmad, Z. (2015). Pictorial Guide To The Plant and Bird Life of Byram Mangrove Forest, Penang. Penerbit USM, Malaysia. pp. 190.
  9. Rosla, M. (2014). Burung-burung di Semenanjung Malaysia: Hak Milik Kita yang Terlepas Pandang, Volume 1. Red Door To Hunt, Malaysia. pp. 369.
  10. Meijaard, E., Garcia-Ulloa, J, Sheil, D, Wich, S., Carlson, K.M, Juffe-Bignoli, D & Brooks, T.M (2018). Oil palm and biodiversity : a situation analysis by the IUCN Oil Palm Task Force. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 116. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  11. Strange, M. (2001). A Photographic Guide to the Birds of Thailand including Southeast Asia & The Philippines. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 1-398.
  12. Bunn, D.S., Warburton, A.B. & Wilson, R.D.S. (2010). The Barn Owl. A&C Black, London. pp. 288.
  13. Jeyarajasingam, A., Norhayati, A., Yasser, M.A. & Ilias, R. (2016). Burung-burung Malaysia : Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 165. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) | eBook (EPUB) ]
Chapter in book
  1. Inventori Hidupan Liar di Putrajaya. In Pelan Pengurusan Hidupan Liar Putrajaya. PERHILITAN & Perbadanan Putrajaya. pp. 1-52.
Magazine/Bulletin
  1. State of the world’s birds: taking the pulse of the planet. (2018). BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mr. Allen Jeyarajasingam, Ms. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nursyafiqa Madzlen, Ms. Nurul Atikah Abu Bakar, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Tyto alba. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/22680. Downloaded on 16 October 2019.

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