Native Plants

Adenia macrophylla

Akar Lempedu Gajah
NE
Adenia macrophylla var. macrophylla Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
NE
Adenia macrophylla var. singaporeana Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
LC
Adenia macrophylla var. macrophylla Least Concern
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
2018
EN
Adenia macrophylla var. singaporeana Endangered
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
2018
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 22980
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    macrophylla Koord.
  • Infraspecific
    • var. macrophylla
    • var. parvifolia
    • var. penangiana
    • var. singaporeana
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Fruits
Fruits

Description

Adenia macrophylla or locally known as akar lempedu gajah, is a slender woody vine, climbing with tendrils borne from flower-bearing branches and can reach up to 25 cm height with support. It is hardly exceeds 2 cm in DBH (Izzauddin et al., 2019). This liana species has leathery leaves with glossy dark green above and paler green below. It can easily be recognized by the presence of two eye marks at the base of the leaf. The flowers of both sexes are yellowish green while the fruits are 5 cm long with glossy bright red spindle-shaped. The ripe fruits will split from apex and reveal their seeds. Seeds are blackish when mature, round with pitted testa, enclosed in white fleshy aril. A. macrophylla is suitable to plant as ornamental plants. It is widely distributed in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and Borneo (Royal Belum-Temengor Rainforest: The Hidden Treasure of Perak, 2019).

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2018 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Adenia macrophylla var. singaporeana
Endangered (EN)
N/A
2018 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Adenia macrophylla var. macrophylla
Least Concern (LC)
N/A
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Adenia macrophylla var. singaporeana
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Adenia macrophylla var. macrophylla
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A

Location

by State Location
  • Perak 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Adenia macrophylla. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/22980. Downloaded on 30 October 2020.

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