Native Animals

Betta pugnax

Pelaga
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2019
QR Code
SSN 23396
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Taxonomy

Description

So far we know little about the species, apart from its appearance.

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2019 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 1
  • Kedah 3
  • Pahang 2
  • Selangor 2
  • Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur 1
by Protected Areas Location
  • National/State Park 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center   Total
13

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Amy Then Yee Hui (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Seahorses (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Annie Christianus (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Aziz Bin Arshad (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes (Taxonomy)
  • Crustaceans (Taxonomy)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Crustaceans (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
Charles Leh Moi Ung (Dr.)
Sarawak Museum Department (JMS)
  • Fishes
  • Turtle, Tortoise, and Terrapin
  • Crustaceans
  • Biodiversity
  • Science
  • SWK
Chong Ving Ching (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes
  • Agriculture
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Environment
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Haslawati Baharuddin (Dr.)
Fisheries Research Institute Malaysia (FRI)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Science
  • Conservation
Jeffrine Rovie Ryan Japning (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Monkeys
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Kaviarasu Munian (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • PM
Kayal Vizi Karuppannan (Mrs.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Elephants
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Khairul Adha Bin A. Rahim (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Invasive Alien Species
Mohammad Noor Amal Azmai (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Microorganism
  • PM
  • SEA
Mohd Ilham Norhakim Lokman (Mr.)
  • Fishes
  • Fishes
  • Conservation
Mohd Shafiq Bin Zakeyuddin (Dr.)
TNB Research Sdn Bhd (TNBR)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Management
  • Tourism
  • PM
Seah Ying Giat (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Fishes (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Siti Azizah Mohd Nor (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Crustaceans
  • Fishes
  • Molluscs
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Siti Tafzilmeriam Sheikh Abdul Kadir (Mrs.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Syaizwan Zahmir Zulkifli (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Water
Zarul Hazrin Hashim (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Protected Areas
  • Water
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Ahmad, A., Fahmi-Ahmad, M. & Rizal, S.A. (2018). Freshwater Fishes of Sungai Chantek, Pasir Akar, Besut, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Agrobiotechnology 9 (1): pp. 41-49
  2. Aqmal-Naser, M. & Ahmad, A. (2021). Preliminary Checklist of Freshwater Fishes of Ulu Paip Eco-Park Forest, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology. 50 (1): pp. 41-54
  3. Azahar, M.A., Kaviarasu, M. & Shahfiz, M.A. (2021). Diversity of freshwater fish in Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM): A comparison of diversity between manmade and natural forest in Selangor, Malaysia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 842(1): p. 012027.
  4. Azmir, I.A. & Samat, A. (2010). Diversity and Distribution of Stream Fishes of Pulau Langkawi, Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana 39 (6): pp. 869-875
  5. Zakaria-Ismail, M. & Fatimah, A. (2005). The Fish Fauna of the Hulu Selai River System, Endau-Rompin National Park, Johor, Malaysia. The Forests and Biodiversity of Selai Endau-Rompin. pp. 191-198
Book
  1. Action Plan for Aquatic Invasive Alien Species in Malaysia, 2007. Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department , Malaysia. pp. 1-53.
  2. Pesona Perikanan Malaysia, 2016. Jabatan Perikanan Malaysia.
  3. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Yahaya, M., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Muhamad, A. & Latiff, A. (2012). Hutan Simpan Gunung Belumut, Johor: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 271.
  4. Amal, M.N.A., Intan Faraha, A.G., Lokman, M.I.N, Rasul, A.H.M., Ahmad, A., Zakaria, Z.A., Khaironizam, M.Z., Fahmi-Ahmad, M., Aqmal-Naser, M. & Ismail, A. (2020). Fishes of North Selangor Peat Swamp Forest. Kementerian Air, Tanah dan Sumber Asli, Malaysia. pp. 150.
  5. Ambak, M.A., Mansor, M.I., Zakaria, M.Z. & Mazlan, A.G. (2010). Fishes of Malaysia. Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia. pp. 334.
  6. Mohamad Zaini, S. (2018). Ikan Pelaga: Khazanah Unik Nusantara. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Malaysia. pp. 137.
  7. Shaharuddin, M.I., Mokhtar, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., M. Rahim, R. & Latiff, A. (2004). Taman Negeri Endau Rompin : Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 378.
Journal
  1. Malayan Nature Journal, Volume 73, Issue 3, p. 419, 2021
  2. Nurul Fatinizzati, A.H., Noor Zahidah, A. S., Rasul, A.H.M. & Khaironizam, M.Z. Ichthyofaunal diversity of Sungai Gombak, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia: Past and current knowledge. Malayan Nature Journal 70 (4), 2018, pp. 421-435

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Mohd Ilham Norhakim Lokman, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nursyafiqa Madzlen, Ms. Nurul Fatinizzati Binti Abd Halim, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin & Dr. Zahar Azuar Zakaria

Photo credit :- M.I.Norhakim Lokman, Muhammad Rasul Abdullah Halim & Zahar Azuar Zakaria

Species Citation :- Betta pugnax. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/23396. [Retrieved 07 July 2022].

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