Native

Avicennia marina

Api Api Jambu
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2010
NE
Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    marina
  • Author
    (Forssk.) Vierh.
  • Infraspecific
    • var. intermedia
    • var. rumphiana
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular
    Api Api Jambu (Malay), Api-api (Malay), Api-api Jambu (Malay), Api-api Putih (Malay), Firefly Mangrove Tree (English) & Gray Mangrove (English)
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Flower Inflorescences
Habitat
Fruits
Habit

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Intertidal → Mangrove Submerged Roots
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Location

by State Location
  • Johor 3
  • Kedah 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Penang 1
  • Sabah 2
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center Total
12

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Polgar, G. & Bartolino, V. (2010). Size Variation of Six Species of Oxudercine Gobies Along The Intertidal Zone In A Malayan Coastal Swamp. 409: pp. 199–212
  2. Latiff, A., Faridah-Hanum, I., Zainudin Ibrahim, A., Goh, M.W.K., Loo, A.H.B. & Tan, H.T.W. (1999). On the Vegetation and Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 11-72
  3. Khaironizam, M.Z. & Norma-Rashid, Y.. Distribution of Mudskippers (Gobiidae: Oxudercinae) on the Selangor Coast. : pp. 105-116
  4. Norma-Rashid, Y. & Khaironizam, M.Z. (2005). Some Biological Aspects of Mudskippers (Gobiidae, Oxudercinae) from Langkawi Island. 24: pp. 139-144
  5. Khaironizam, M.Z. & Norma-Rashid, Y. (2000). A New Record of Mudskipper Parapocryptes serperaster (Oxudercinae: Gobiidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. 19: pp. 101-104
  6. Xin, K., Zhou, Q., Arndt, S.K. & Yang, X. (2013). Invasive Capacity of The Mangrove Sonneratia apetala in Hainan Island, China. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 25 (1): pp. 70-78
Book
  1. Laporan kajian penilaian outcome program penanaman pokok bakau dan spesies-spesies yang sesuai di pesisiran pantai negara, 2014. Kementerian Sumber Asli Dan Alam Sekitar, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 218. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Penanaman Dan Pemuliharaan Hutan Bakau Dan Pesisiran Pantai : Panduan Untuk Komuniti, 2009. Wetlands International-Malaysia, Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 70.
  3. Selangor Mangroves : Black Jewel of the Islands, 2013. Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Selangor, Malaysia.
  4. Che Abd Rahim, Mohamed, Fathul Karim, S., Azima, A.M., Zaidi, C.C., Mustaffa, O. & Lee, J.N. (2010). Penyelidikan Pantai Timur Johor : Mersing Warisan Terpelihara. Pusat Penyelidikan Ekosistem Marin (EKOMAR), Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 256.
  5. Shaharuddin, M.I., Azahar, M., Razani, U., Kamaruzaman, A.B., Lim, K.L., Suhaili, R., Jalil, M.S. & Latiff, A. (2005). Sustainable Management of Matang Mangroves: 100 Years and Beyond. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 531.
  6. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  7. Norhayati, A., Damanhuri, A., Razali, M.S., Latiff, A. & W.A, Wan Juliana (2010). Mangrove Flora of Langkawi. Pusat Penyelidikan Langkawi, Institut Alam Sekitar dan Pembangunan (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi (LADA), Malaysia. pp. 150.
  8. Maimon, A. (2008). Biodiversity of Sungai Pulai: Ramsar Site, Johor. Earth Observation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 97.
  9. Norhayati, A. & Maimon, A. (2012). Sungai Santi Forest Reserve: Mangrove Splendour of South-East Johor. Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  10. Hutton, W. & Matunjau, C. (2010). Discovering The Wonders of The Klias Peninsula. Sabah Forestry Department, Malaysia. pp. 44.
  11. Mohammad Khairi, A (2007). Taman Negara Pulau Pinang: Sinar Mutiara Belantara. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  12. Asyraf, M., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Shahrul Anuar, M.S. & Rahmad, Z. (2015). Pictorial Guide To The Plant and Bird Life of Byram Mangrove Forest, Penang. Penerbit USM, Malaysia. pp. 190.
  13. Mohd Afendi, H., Marzalina, M., Tariq Mubarak, H. & Wan Tarmeze, W. A. (2013). Tumbuhan Pesisir Pantai: Fenologi dan Penyediaan Bahan Tanaman. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM). pp. 120.
  14. W.A, Wan Juliana, Norhayati, A. & Abdul Latiff, M. (2018). Flora Bakau Malaysia : Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 101.
  15. W.A, Wan Juliana, Norhayati, A. & Abdul Latiff, M. (2018). Mangrove Flora of Malaysia: Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. pp. 100. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
Report
  1. Report On Habitat And Ecological Research After Wavebreaker Project At Tanjung Piai Johor National Park. Perbadanan Taman Negara (Johor), Malaysia.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Ms. Siti Nur Najihah Musa, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Ms. Umairah Binti Ishak & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Avicennia marina. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/23580. Downloaded on 21 February 2019.

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