Native Animals
 

Cephalopholis boenak

Kerapu Belang Perang
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2008
QR Code
SSN 25568
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    boenak (Bloch, 1790)
  • Synonym
  • Common Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Description

Chocolate Hind has moderately elongate body; teeth on palatines; dorsal-fin membranes distinctly incised between spines; rounded caudal fin; no scales in maxilla and no axillary scales on body. Its body is dark brown, often dark reddish brown usually with 7 or 8 dark bars on body and black spot between upper and middle opercular spines. This fish feeds mainly on crustaceans and usually found on silty dead reefs in protected waters in depths of 4 to 64 m.

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Loose Rock/Pebble/Gravel
Marginal Unknown
2
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2018 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Data Deficient (DD)
N/A

Structure

Body
2D Shape
Compress
Elongate
Caudal Fin
Type
Rounded

Location

by State Location
  • Kedah 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Sabah 1
  • Terengganu 2
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Amy Then Yee Hui (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Seahorses (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Annie Christianus (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Aziz Bin Arshad (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes (Taxonomy)
  • Crustaceans (Taxonomy)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Crustaceans (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
Charles Leh Moi Ung (Dr.)
Sarawak Museum Department (JMS)
  • Fishes
  • Turtle, Tortoise, and Terrapin
  • Crustaceans
  • Biodiversity
  • Science
  • SWK
Chong Ving Ching (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes
  • Agriculture
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Environment
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Haslawati Baharuddin (Dr.)
Fisheries Research Institute Malaysia (FRI)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Science
  • Conservation
Jeffrine Rovie Ryan Japning (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Monkeys
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Kaviarasu Munian (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • PM
Kayal Vizi Karuppannan (Mrs.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Elephants
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Khairul Adha Bin A. Rahim (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Invasive Alien Species
Mohammad Noor Amal Azmai (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Microorganism
  • PM
  • SEA
Mohd Ilham Norhakim Lokman (Mr.)
  • Fishes
  • Fishes
  • Conservation
Mohd Shafiq Bin Zakeyuddin (Dr.)
TNB Research Sdn Bhd (TNBR)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Management
  • Tourism
  • PM
Seah Ying Giat (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Fishes (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Siti Azizah Mohd Nor (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Crustaceans
  • Fishes
  • Molluscs
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Siti Tafzilmeriam Sheikh Abdul Kadir (Mrs.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Syaizwan Zahmir Zulkifli (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Water
Zarul Hazrin Hashim (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Protected Areas
  • Water
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Book
  1. Ambak, M.A., Mansor, M.I., Zakaria, M.Z. & Mazlan, A.G. (2010). Fishes of Malaysia, Issue/No. . Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia. pp. 334.
  2. Chin, P.K. (1998). Marine Food Fishes and Fisheries of Sabah, Issue/No. . Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. pp. 280.
  3. Kimura, S., Satapoomin, U. & Matsuura, K. (2009). Fishes of Andaman Sea : West Coast of Southern Thailand, Issue/No. . National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan. pp. 346.
  4. Kimura, S. & Matsuura, K. (2003). Fishes of Bitung: Northern Tip of Sulawesi, Indonesia, Issue/No. . Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan. pp. 244.
  5. Matsunuma, M., Motomura, H., Matsuura, K., Shazili, N.A.M. & Ambak, M.A. (2011). Fishes of Terengganu: East Coast of Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, Issue/No. . National Museum of Nature and Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu and Kagoshima Universiti Museum, Malaysia. pp. ix+251.
  6. Motomura, H., Kimura, S., Seah, Y.G., Sheikh Abdul Kadir, S.T. & Mazlan, A.G. (2021). Reef and Shore Fishes of Bidong Island, off east coast of Malay Peninsula., Issue/No. . The Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima, Japan. pp. 80.
  7. Seah, Y.G., Mat Jaafar, TNA & Mohd Sharol, A. (2020). Field Guide to Trawl Fishes near Bidong Island, Issue/No. . Penerbit UMT. pp. 144.
  8. Seah, Y.G., Mohd Sharol, A., Mazlan, A.G. & Mat Jaafar, T.N.A. (2021). Marine Fishes of Kuantan : Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS), Issue/No. . Penerbit UMT. pp. 172.
  9. Tan, A.S.H., Zulfigar, Y., Yaman, A.R.G., Abd Muntalib, J., Chan, A.A. & Nilamani, N. (2019). H20 Songsong Jerai Expedition 2017 - Corridor of Life and Biodiversity : A Proposal for New Marine Park in Kedah, Issue/No. . Marine Park and Resource Management Division, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 108.
  10. Yoshida, T, Motomura, H, Musikasinthorn, P & Matsuura, K. (2013). Fishes of Northern Gulf of Thailand, Volume 8, Issue/No. . National Museum of Nature and Science,Tsukuba. Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Kyoto. Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima., Japan. pp. 239.
  11. Yusri, A., Hamdan, J. & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2010). Ikan Laut Malaysia: Glosari Nama Sahih Spesis Ikan , Issue/No. . Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 290.
Chapter in book
  1. Gambang, A.C., Daud, A., Lim, A.P.K. & Osman, M. (2004). Fish Community of Pulau Layang Layang. In Mohamed, P.A. (Ed.), Marine Biodiversity of Pulau Layang Layang, Malaysia. Marine Research Station Layang Layang (MARSAL), Fisheries Research Institute, Department of Fisheries Malaysia. pp. 43-58.
Checklist
  1. Check List of Marine Fishes of the Southeast Asian Region (1996)

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Mohamad Shafiq Hafizee Bin Mohd Azali, Mrs. Noratikah Binti Ab. Manaf, Ms. Nur Razan Faiqah Binti Zahili, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurliyana Binti Abd Rahman, Ms. Nursyafiqa Madzlen, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Species Citation :- Cephalopholis boenak. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/25568. [Retrieved 30 June 2022].

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