Native Plants

Asplenium nidus

Bird's Nest Fern
LC
Least Concern
Malaysia Plant Red List
Peninsular Malaysia 2021
LC
Least Concern
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
2020
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 25752
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    nidus L.
  • Infraspecific
    • var. nidus
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Sorus
Leaf
Habit
Leaf
Habit
Leaf
Habit

Description

Asplenium nidus, commonly known as bird’s nest fern or paku langsuir is an epiphytic fern with a short rhizome and large leaves that can grow up to 150 cm long and 20 cm wide (Huxley, 1992). This species has simple large fronds that look almost similar to banana leaves. The fronds are in light green colour, usually crinkled, with a smooth-edged blade, a black midrib, and exhibit circinate vernation (the emergence of new leaves in ferns by unrolling from a tight coil). Generally, it can be seen in palm trees or bromeliads, where it collects water and humus in its leaf-rosette. The bird’s nest fern can live terrestrially on the ground and epiphytically on the trees. It sometimes grows on rocks at elevations from sea level to 1,200 m (Beentje, 2002). It is native to tropical Africa, Australia and tropical Asia (Piggott, 1988).

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Epiphyte   —   Growing on another organism but not parasitic. Not growing on the ground.
 
Lithophytes   —   Plants that grow in or on rocks

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Vegetation → Coastal Vegetation
Unknown Unknown
2
Asplenium nidus var. nidus
Forest → Hill Dipterocarp Forest
Unknown Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2021 Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
Peninsular Malaysia
N/A
2020 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
N/A
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A

Structure

Leaf Apex
2D Shape
Gradually tapering to a point
Acuminate
Leaf Base
2D Shape
 
Rounded
Leaf Venation
Pattern
 
Parallel

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 3
  • Kedah 2
  • Kelantan 1
  • Malacca 1
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 13
  • Penang 1
  • Perak 3
  • Selangor 3
  • Terengganu 3
  • Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur 1
  • Federal Territories of Putrajaya 1
by Protected Areas Location
  • Wildlife Sanctuary/Reserve 1
  • National/State Park 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

References

Article
  1. Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Kiew, R., Kamin, I. & Chung, R.C.K. (2017). Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One Ecosystem. 2: pp. 41 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Christensen, C. & Holttum, R.E. (1934). The Gardens' Bulletin, Straits Settlements: The Ferns of Mount Kinabalu. 7 (3): pp. 191-316
  3. Julius, K. (2006). Plant diversity in Trus Madi. Sepilok Bulletin. 4: pp. 1-23
  4. Jaman, R. & Latiff, A. (1999). The Pteridophyte Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 77-100
  5. Lian, P.K (2008). Can oil palm plantations be made more hospitable for forest butterflies and birds?. Journal of Applied Ecology 45 (4): pp. 1002–1009 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  6. Lim, C.L., Siti Munirah, M.Y. & Kiew, R. (2009). Botany of the Berembun Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (2): pp. 143-189
  7. Maideen, H., Nur-Adilah, N., Damanhuri, A., Jaman, R., Miran, S. & Nazre, M. (2005). Pteridophytes of the Southwestern Endau-Rompin National Park, Johor, Malaysia. The Forests and Biodiversity of Selai Endau-Rompin. pp. 91-94
  8. Senterre, B., Chew, M.Y. & Chung, R.C.K. (2015). Flora and vegetation of Pulau Babi Tengah, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia. Check List: The Journal of Biodiversity Data 11 (4): pp. 1-15
  9. Kiew, R., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Ong, P.T., Kamin, I., Aliaa-Athirah, A.M. & Rafidah, A.R. (2019). Distribution and Conservation Implications of Limestone Plant Species in FELDA Chiku Limestone Flora, Kelantan, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 31 (1): pp. 19-36
Book
  1. A Guide to Mangroves of Johor RAMSAR Sites, 2016. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM).
  2. Biodiversity expedition Sungai Bebar, Pekan, Pahang summary findings, 2005. Peat Swamp Forest Project, UNDP/GEF Funded. pp. 169.
  3. Biodiversity in Plantation Landscapes, 2012. Wild Asia and the Malaysian Palm Oil Council, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 130. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  4. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  5. Mangrove Guidebook for Malaysia, 2015. Wetlands International, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  6. Shaharuddin, M.I., Dahalan, H.T., Abdullah Sani, Shafie, Jalil, M.S., Faridah-Hanum, I. & Latiff, A. (2005). Taman Negeri Gunung Stong, Kelantan: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Biologi dan Sosio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 442.
  7. Abu Bakar, Mohamed Salleh (2011). Aura Alam: Tumbuhan Hutan Paya Laut Tapak Ramsar Negeri Johor. Perbadanan Taman Negara Johor, Malaysia. pp. 158.
  8. Adler, P.H. (2002). A Guide to Taman Botani Putrajaya: Tropical Roots. Perbadanan Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 13.
  9. Azahar, M., Mohd. Hamami, S., Ahmad Said, S., Faridah, Q.Z., Nor Aini, A.S., Jalil, M.S. & Faridah-Hanum, I. (2006). Sustainable Management and Utilization of Medicinal Plant Resources: Proceedings of the International Conference on Medicinal Plants, 5-7 December 2005 Kuala Lumpur. Universiti Putra Malaysia dan Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 365.
  10. Shaharuddin, M.I., Azahar, M., Razani, U., Kamaruzaman, A.B., Lim, K.L., Suhaili, R., Jalil, M.S. & Latiff, A. (2005). Sustainable Management of Matang Mangroves: 100 Years and Beyond. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 531.
  11. Parris, B.S., Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K. & Cheah, Y.H. (2020). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia Series I: Ferns and Lycophytes, Volume 3. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 1-307.
  12. Go, R. (2013). Paya Indah Wetlands : The Array of Plant Life. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE), Malaysia. pp. 100.
  13. Hazebroek, H.P., Adlin, T.Z. & Sinun, W. (2011). Danum Valley: The Rain Forest. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 615.
  14. Koh, H.L., Nik Mohd. Shah, N.M., Samsul, A.N., Latiff, A. & Azahar, M. (2008). Bukit Belata, Selangor: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Sosio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 280.
  15. Mohd. Rizal, S., Na'aman, J., Jalil, M.S., Nizam, M.S., Latiff, A. & Azahar, M. (2006). Gunung Mandi Angin, Terengganu: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Pelancongan Ekologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 500.
  16. Azahar, M., Azman, A.R., Che, H.H., Koh, H.L., Norhayati, A. & Latiff, A. (2007). Taman Rimba Kenong, Pahang: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 248.
  17. Huxley, A., Griffiths, M. & Levy, M. (1992). The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. MacMillan Press, United States of America. pp. 1-3200.
  18. Maimon, A. (2008). Biodiversity of Sungai Pulai: Ramsar Site, Johor. Earth Observation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 97.
  19. Mohd Nazip, S., Rahmat, Mohamad, Zaini, A. & Mohamad Azlan, M.A. (2011). Kuala Keniam: Nature's Treasure Trove in The Heartland. University Publication Centre (UPENA), Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 134.
  20. Mohammad Khairi, A (2007). Taman Negara Pulau Pinang: Sinar Mutiara Belantara. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  21. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  22. Noraini, T., Ruzi, A.R., Jaman, R. & Latiff, A. (2008). Ferns and Fern-allies: Taman Paku Pakis UKM, Volume 1. Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 63.
  23. Mohd. Paiz, K., Norhaidi, Y., Rosilan, S., Norhayati, A. & Latiff, A. (2016). Taman Rimba Kenong, Pahang: The Central Gem of Peninsular Malaysia. Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Pahang, Malaysia. pp. 135.
  24. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  25. Yong, W.S.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Lau, K.H., Siti-Nur Fatinah, K., Cheah, Y.H., Yao, T.L., Rafidah, A.R., Lim, C.L., Syahida-Emiza, S., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Nor-Ezzawanis, A.T., Chew, M.Y., Siti Munirah, M.Y., Julius, A., Phoon, S.N., Sam, Y.Y., Nadiah, I., Ong, P.T., Sarah Nabila, R., Suhaida, M., Muhammad-Alif Azyraf, A., Siti Eryani, S., Yap, J.W., Jutta, M., Azeman, S., Salleh, N., Kiew, R. & Chung, R.C.K. (2021). Malaysia Red List: Plants of Peninsular Malaysia, Volume 1, Issue/No. 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 753.
  26. Phang, S.M., Affendi, Y.A., Ooi, J.L.S. & Haji, A.J.M. (2008). Natural History of The Pulau Tioman Group of Islands. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), University of Malaya, Malaysia. pp. 292.
  27. Piggott, A.G. (1988). Ferns of Malaysia in Colour. Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 458.
  28. Ang, L.H., Ravinder, Kaur & Zoal Azha, Yusof (2012). Rimba Bidor: A Gift to Nature. Tin Tailings Afforestation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 108.
  29. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Ahmad Fadzil, A.M., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Gunung Besar Hantu, Negeri Sembilan: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 254.
  30. Chua, L.S.L. & Saw, L.G. (2006). Plants of Krau. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 227.
  31. Faridah-Hanum, I. & Shamsul, K. (2004). A guide to the common plants of Ayer Hitam Forest, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. pp. 220.
  32. Maimon, A., Norhayati, A. & Sharifah Mastura, S.A. (2019). Biodiversity in Oil Palm Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. pp. 123.
  33. T. Marina, T. Ibrahim & Shamsul, K. (2009). Kepelbagaian Biologi Flora, Fauna dan Nilai Ekonomi Hutan Simpan Tranum, Pahang. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 140.
  34. Madihah, M.N., Tan, A.L., Intan Nurulhani, B., Amizan, N., Dionysia, M., Fadzureena, J., Abdul Hayat, M.S., Amelia, B.A. & Nurul Husna, Z. (2019). Meneroka Rahsia Rimba Warisan Orang Asli Semenanjung Malaysia Jilid 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 362.
  35. Hamdan, O., Tariq Mubarak, H. & Parlan, I. (2020). Status of Mangroves in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 288.
  36. Norhayati, A., Damanhuri, A., Razali, M.S., Latiff, A. & Wan Juliana, W.A (2010). Mangrove Flora of Langkawi. Pusat Penyelidikan Langkawi, Institut Alam Sekitar dan Pembangunan (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi (LADA), Malaysia. pp. 150.
  37. Shaharuddin, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., Jalil, M.S., Yusoff, M. & Latiff, A. (2006). Hutan Simpan Gunung Jerai, Kedah: pengurusan, persekitaran fizikal dan kepelbagaian biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 474.
  38. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  39. Shaharuddin, M.I., Mokhtar, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., M. Rahim, R. & Latiff, A. (2004). Taman Negeri Endau Rompin : Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 378.
  40. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Yahaya, M., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Muhamad, A. & Latiff, A. (2012). Hutan Simpan Gunung Belumut, Johor: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 271.
Newsletter
  1. Veronica, P. (2004, December). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 24, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/154

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mrs. Hakimah Binti Jaafar, Ms. Heng Pooi San, Mrs. Iffa Nurizzati Ismail, Ms. Kamilia Huda Binti Mohd Zaini, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Mohamad Ikhmal Husin, Mr. Mohamad Ruzi Abdul Rahman, Mr. Nabil Arif Bin Abdul Naim, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Ms. Norli Fauzani Mohd Abu Hassan Alshari, Ms. Nur Farahin Binti Mustafa, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurliyana Binti Abd Rahman, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Ms. Nurul Fatinizzati Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Siti Nor Hidayati Kamaruddin, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Asplenium nidus. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/25752. Downloaded on 22 October 2021.

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