Native Animals

Cheilinus undulatus

Humphead Wrasse
EN
Endangered
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2004
QR Code
SSN 25887
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    undulatus Rüppell, 1835
  • Synonym
  • Common Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Adult

Description

The humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) is an endangered coral reef fish belong to the family Labridae. This fish is found broadly distributed in the Indo-Pacific. It can be found living on coral reefs at depths of 5 to 60 m. It diets includes fishes and benthic, hard-shelled, invertebrates such as molluscs and crustaceans (Carpenter & Niem, 2001).

The adults will develop a large hump on forehead that can protrude anterior to eye. The size a mature humphead wrasse can reach up to 2.29 m in total length, and the heaviest fish recorded is 190.5 kg. However, the common total length of male is around 60 cm. The body colour of the humphead wrasse is olive to green with a vertical dark bar on each scale above and behind pectoral fins. The head of the adults is blue-green with highly irregular undulating yellowish lines. Also, the adults have two black lines extending posteriorly from eye. For juvenile, the colouration is lighter to white with dark scale bars and prominent black line extending posteriorly from eyes. Also, the juvenile has two lines extending diagonally up and back from eye and two diagonally downward on snout in front of eye (Carpenter & Niem, 2001).

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Neritic → Pelagic
Suitable Unknown
2
Marine Neritic → Seagrass (Submerged)
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
3.1
1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Amy Then Yee Hui (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Seahorses (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Annie Christianus (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Aziz Bin Arshad (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes (Taxonomy)
  • Crustaceans (Taxonomy)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Crustaceans (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
Charles Leh Moi Ung (Dr.)
Sarawak Museum Department (JMS)
  • Fishes
  • Turtle, Tortoise, and Terrapin
  • Crustaceans
  • Biodiversity
  • Science
  • SWK
Chong Ving Ching (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes
  • Agriculture
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Environment
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Haslawati Baharuddin (Dr.)
Fisheries Research Institute Malaysia (FRI)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Science
  • Conservation
Jeffrine Rovie Ryan Japning (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Monkeys
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Kaviarasu Munian (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • PM
Kayal Vizi Karuppannan (Mrs.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Elephants
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Khairul Adha Bin A. Rahim (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Invasive Alien Species
Mohammad Noor Amal Azmai (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Microorganism
  • PM
  • SEA
Mohd Ilham Norhakim Lokman (Mr.)
  • Fishes
  • Fishes
  • Conservation
Mohd Shafiq Bin Zakeyuddin (Dr.)
TNB Research Sdn Bhd (TNBR)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Management
  • Tourism
  • PM
Seah Ying Giat (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Fishes (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Siti Azizah Mohd Nor (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Crustaceans
  • Fishes
  • Molluscs
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Siti Tafzilmeriam Sheikh Abdul Kadir (Mrs.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Syaizwan Zahmir Zulkifli (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Water
Zarul Hazrin Hashim (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Protected Areas
  • Water
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Status of Reefs in Selected Southeast Asia Countries. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Chong, V.C., Lee, P.K.Y. & Lau, C.M. (2010). Diversity, extinction risk and conservation of Malaysian fishes. Journal of Fish Biology 76 (9): pp. 2009-2066
  3. Yusuf, Y.B., Mohd Norizam, M., Ali, A.B. & Zaidnuddin, I. (2001). Coral Reef Fish of Some Selected Sites at Pulau Redang Marine Park, Terengganu: A Brief Study. Proceeding of National Symposium on Marine Park and Terengganu Islands: pp. 34-45
Book
  1. ASEAN Biodiversity Outlook 2, 2017. ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, Philippines. pp. 220. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Handbook on the Living Marine Resources of Malaysia Marine Park, 2011. Department of Marine Park Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 123.
  3. Chin, P.K. (1998). Marine Food Fishes and Fisheries of Sabah. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. pp. 280.
  4. Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (2001). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes: The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6 Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles, sea turtles, sea snakes and marine mammals. Rome. FAO. pp. 3381-4218.
  5. Phang, S.M., Affendi, Y.A., Ooi, J.L.S. & Haji, A.J.M. (2008). Natural History of The Pulau Tioman Group of Islands. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), University of Malaya, Malaysia. pp. 292.
  6. Saleem, M. (2007). Marine BioValley Universiti Malaysia Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. pp. 1-67.
  7. Senoo, S., Shapawi, R. & Rahman, R.A. (2003). Teknik Pembiakan Aruhan Kerapu Tikus (Cromileptes altivelis). Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia. pp. 1-28.
  8. Yusri, A., Hamdan, J. & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2010). Ikan Laut Malaysia: Glosari Nama Sahih Spesis Ikan . Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 290.
Chapter in book
  1. Gambang, A.C., Daud, A., Lim, A.P.K. & Osman, M. (2004). Fish Community of Pulau Layang Layang. In Mohamed, P.A. (Ed.), Marine Biodiversity of Pulau Layang Layang, Malaysia. Marine Research Station Layang Layang (MARSAL), Fisheries Research Institute, Department of Fisheries Malaysia. pp. 43-58.
Checklist
  1. Check List of Marine Fishes of the Southeast Asian Region (1996)
Pamphlet/Brochure
  1. Identification Sheets for Wildlife Species Traded in Southeast Asia (2008) — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Heng Pooi San, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurliyana Binti Abd Rahman, Ms. Nursyafiqa Madzlen, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Cheilinus undulatus. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/25887. Downloaded on 03 December 2021.

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