Native Plants

Firmiana malayana

Bullock's Eye
NE
Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
QR Code
SSN 26207
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Taxonomy

The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Description

Firmiana malayana is commonly known as mata lembu in Malay or Bullock’s Eye in English. It is distributed in Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java and Borneo (Prawirohatmodjo et al., 1998). The tree is often found in lowland forests, near rivers, forest fringes and mountains, up to 1,200 m altitude (Adnan et al., 2018).

This tree can grow up to 28 m in height with a diameter reaching up to 75 cm. The bark is smooth and silvery-grey, with a pale brown-yellow inner bark. The twigs are smooth and grey-brown with prominent leaf scars. The leaves are ovate, often shallowly trilobed, usually symmetric, with a shallowly cordate base and acute to rounded apex, pale green to green, papery with an entire margin (Wilkie & Berhaman, 2011; Adnan et al., 2018). The flower is a 5-lobed long calyx tube, with a bright orange outer surface and bright red inner surface, often recurved. The fruit is boat-shaped, consisting of a follicle with 1 to 4 marginal seeds, pale green turning pale brown and 7.5-10 cm in length (Wilkie & Berhaman, 2011; Adnan et al., 2018).

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Deciduous   —   Falling away after its function is completed.

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A

Location

by State Location
  • Penang 1
  • Selangor 2
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
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  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
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  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
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  • Science
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  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
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  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
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  • Forest
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  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
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  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
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Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
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  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
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Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
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Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
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Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
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  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
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  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
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  • PM
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  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
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  • PM
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Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
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  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
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  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
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  • PM
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Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
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  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
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  • PM
  • SBH
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  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Kiew, R., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Ong, P.T., Kamin, I., Aliaa-Athirah, A.M. & Rafidah, A.R. (2019). Distribution and Conservation Implications of Limestone Plant Species in FELDA Chiku Limestone Flora, Kelantan, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 31 (1): pp. 19-36
  2. Wilkie, P., Clark, A., Pennington, R.T., Cheek, M., Bayer, C. & Wilcock, C.C. (2006). Phylogenetic Relationships within The Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/ Sterculiaceae – Sterculieae) Using The Chloroplast Gene ndhF. Systematic Botany. 31 (1): pp. 160-170
Chapter in book
  1. Fruit Characters. In Van Balgooy, M.M.J., Low, Y.W. & Wong, K.M. (Eds.), Spot-Characters for the Identification of Malesian Seed Plants. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Bhd. pp. 194-217.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mr. Mohamad Amini Bin Nordin, Mr. Mohamad Nazrin Bin Ahmad Azmi, Ms. Nur Syahirah Binti Abd Hamid, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Ms. Umairah Binti Ishak & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Species Citation :- Firmiana malayana. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/26207. [Retrieved 18 May 2022].

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