Native Plants

Paphiopedilum niveum

Snow-white Paphiopedilum
EN
Endangered
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2015
EN
Endangered
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
2013
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 26412
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Taxonomy

Gallery  

Flower
Flower
Flower

Description

Paphiopedilum niveum is a sympodial and terrestrial plant but sometimes it can be found on rocks plant. This orchid species has four to five leaves that are linear, thick, bilobed unequally apex with short pointed, dark green with pale green marked and the lower side is green with heavily purple dotted. The inflorescences of this species are terminal at about 13 cm long with two flowered. The floral bracts are ovate, conduplicate, obtuse and dark green with purple spots. The flowers of this species are white with purple spots towards the base of the segment and on the front of lip. The dorsal sepal of this species is broadly ovate, emarginate, concave, white with purple margins and with purple markings below. The petals are elliptic with rounded tip and white with purple spots. This species is restricted to limestone hills (Lim et al., 2013). It can found in Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. It is listed as Endangered because it is extensively collected for commercial use. Even, some subpopulations are collected to virtual collection (IUCN, 2017).

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Sympodial   —   A specialized lateral growth pattern in which the apical meristem is terminated and growth is continued by one of more lateral meristems, which repeat the process.
 
Terrestrial   —   An animal that lives on/near the ground or a plant that grows on/in/from land

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2015 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
3.1
2013 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Endangered (EN)
N/A
2010 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Lim, C.L., Jutta, M., Kiew, R., O'Byrne, P. & Ong, P.T. (2013). Conservation Status of Some Orchids in Peninsular Malaysia. Malesian Orchid Journal 12: pp. 133-146
  2. Go, R., Lim, M.Y.L., Phoon, S.N., Yong, W.S.Y., Tang, C.H., Khor, H.E., Abdullah, J.O. & Abdullah, J. (2009). Malaysian Limestone Orchids Status: Diversity, Threat and Conservation. BLUMEA - Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants 54 (1-3): pp. 109-116
Book
  1. Go, R. (2010). Orchids of Perlis: Jewels of the Forest. Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Perlis and Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 152.
  2. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  3. Ong, P.T., O'Byrne, P., Yong, W.S.Y. & Saw, L.G. (2011). Wild Orchids of Peninsular Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 196.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Micheal Charles Rajaram, Ms. Nur Asikin Binti Maskuri, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Nor Hidayati Kamaruddin, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Paphiopedilum niveum. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/26412. Downloaded on 16 January 2022.

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