Native

Diodon holocanthus

Buntal Landak Panjang
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2015
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    holocanthus
  • Author
    Linnaeus, 1758
  • Synonym
  • Common
    Ajargo (English), Balloon Porcupinefish (English), Balloonfish (English), Bloched Porcupine Fish (English), Blotched Porcupine (English), Brown Porcupine Fish (English), Buntal Durian (Malay), Buntal Landak (Malay), Buntal Landak Panjang (Malay), Buntal-landak Panjang (Malay), Burr Fish (English), Fine-spotted Porcupinefish (English), Freckled Ballonfish (English), Freckled Porcupinefish (English), Hedgehog Fish (English), Ibrown Porcupine Fish (English), Long-spine Porcupinefish (English), Long-spined Porcupine Fish (English), Longspine Porcupinefish (English), Longspined Porcupinefish (English), Porcupine (English), Porcupine Fish (English), Porcupinefish (English), Spiny Balloonfish (English), Spiny Porcupinefish (English) & Spiny Puffer (English)
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Adult

Description

This species is called Longspined Porcupinefish. It has long erectile spines on head and body; frontal spines shorter than spines posterior to pectoral fin; no downward pointing spine below anterior margin of eye and a short hollow tube of nasal organ with two opening near tip. Its dorsal side of body are brown to gray and white ventrally; a vertical white-edged brown band cross rear of head and another across middle of back; a short vertical white-edged brown bar in front of gill opening; a large oval white-edged brown blotch above pectoral-fin; another around dorsal-fin base and yellowish all fins. It is occurring mainly on coral reefs.

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Neritic → Seagrass (Submerged)
Suitable Resident
2
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
Suitable Resident
3
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Sandy
Suitable Resident
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Specimen

Collection Center Total
3

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Annie Christianus (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Aziz Bin Arshad (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Fishes (Taxonomy)
  • Crustaceans (Taxonomy)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Crustaceans (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
Charles Leh Moi Ung (Dr.)
Sarawak Museum Department (JMS)
  • Fishes
  • Turtles
  • Crustaceans
  • Biodiversity
  • Science
  • SWK
Chong Ving Ching (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes
  • Agricultural
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Environment
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Jeffrine Rovie Ryan Japning (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Monkeys
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Kaviarasu Munian (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • PM
Kayal Vizi Karuppannan (Mrs.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Elephants
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Seah Ying Giat (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Fishes (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Siti Azizah Mohd Nor (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Crustaceans
  • Fishes
  • Molluscs
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Siti Tafzilmeriam Sheikh Abdul Kadir (Mrs.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Fishes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Syaizwan Zahmir Zulkifli (Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Molluscs (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Water
Zarul Hazrin Hashim (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Protected Areas
  • Water
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Book
  1. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  2. Ambak, M.A., Mansor, M.I., Zakaria, M.Z. & Mazlan, A.G. (2010). Fishes of Malaysia. Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia. pp. 334.
  3. Matsunuma, M., Motomura, H., Matsuura, K., Shazili, N.A.M. & Ambak, M.A. (2011). Fishes of Terengganu: East Coast of Malay Peninsula, Malaysia. National Museum of Nature and Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu and Kagoshima Universiti Museum, Malaysia. pp. ix+251.
  4. Kimura, S. & Matsuura, K. (2003). Fishes of Bitung: Northern Tip of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan. pp. 244.
  5. Yoshida, T, Motomura, H, Musikasinthorn, P & Matsuura,, K (2013). Fishes of Northern Gulf of Thailand, Volume 8. National Museum of Nature and Science,Tsukuba. Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Kyoto. Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima., Japan. pp. 239.
  6. Yusri, A., Hamdan, J. & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2010). Ikan Laut Malaysia: Glosari Nama Sahih Spesis Ikan . Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 290.
Checklist
  1. Check List of Marine Fishes of the Southeast Asian Region (1996)

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Mrs. Azwarina Binti Mohd Azmi Ramasamy, Mrs. Noratikah Binti Ab. Manaf, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nursyafiqa Madzlen, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Diodon holocanthus. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/26430. Downloaded on 22 May 2019.

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