Native Animals
 

Sphyrna lewini

Scalloped Hammerhead Shark
CR
Critically Endangered
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2019
QR Code
SSN 28672
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834)
  • Common Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Description

The Scalloped Hammerhead is a large hammerhead shark with maximum length up to 420 cm (IUCN, 2019). The body of Scalloped Hammerhead is elongated and laterally compressed. Its head is broad, hammer-shaped, anterior margin arched and indented at midline. Upper teeth for this species are triangular, anterior upright and posteriorly oblique. Its first dorsal fin is tall and moderately falcate while the second dorsal fin is short with long rear tip and weakly concave posterior margin. The colour of this species is plain gray to olivaceous, while the pectoral fins tip are gray and black vertically.

It feeds mainly on bony fishes, cephalopods, sharks and rays. It is potentially dangerous to humans.

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Neritic → Pelagic
Suitable Unknown
2
Marine Oceanic → Epipelagic (0 - 200 m)
Suitable Unknown
3
Marine Oceanic → Mesopelagic (200 - 1,000 m)
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2019 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Critically Endangered (CR)
3.1
2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
3.1
2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
3.1
2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Near Threatened (NT)
N/A

References

Article
  1. Chong, V.C., Lee, P.K.Y. & Lau, C.M. (2010). Diversity, extinction risk and conservation of Malaysian fishes. Journal of Fish Biology 76 (9): pp. 2009-2066
Book
  1. A country and regional prioritisation for supporting implementation of CITES provisions for sharks, 2018. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) . pp. 199. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Malaysia National Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Shark (Plan 2), 2014. Department of Fisheries Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 50. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Gambang, A.C., Ahmad, A. & Lim, A.P.K. (2007). Field Guide to Sharks of Malaysia and Neighbouring Countries. Fisheries Research Institute, Sarawak Branch, Bintawa, Malaysia. pp. 56.
  4. Ambak, M.A., Mansor, M.I., Zakaria, M.Z. & Mazlan, A.G. (2010). Fishes of Malaysia. Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia. pp. 334.
  5. Matsunuma, M., Motomura, H., Matsuura, K., Shazili, N.A.M. & Ambak, M.A. (2011). Fishes of Terengganu: East Coast of Malay Peninsula, Malaysia. National Museum of Nature and Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu and Kagoshima Universiti Museum, Malaysia. pp. ix+251.
  6. Ahmad, A., Lim, A.P.K., Fahmi & Dharmadi (2013). Field Guide to Look-Alike Sharks and Rays Species of the Southeast Asian Region. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center-Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department (SEAFDEC/MFRDMD). pp. 107.
  7. Yusri, A., Hamdan, J. & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2010). Ikan Laut Malaysia: Glosari Nama Sahih Spesis Ikan . Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 290.
  8. Kamarruddin, I., Mohamed, C.A.R., Kee Alfian, B.A.A., Fitra, A.Z., Lee, J.N. & Rozaimi, M.J. (2011). Malaysia's Marine Biodiversity: Inventory and Current Status. Department of Marine Park Malaysia and Marine Ecosystem Research Centre (EKOMAR), Malaysia. pp. 212.
  9. Yoshida, T, Motomura, H, Musikasinthorn, P & Matsuura, K. (2013). Fishes of Northern Gulf of Thailand, Volume 8. National Museum of Nature and Science,Tsukuba. Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Kyoto. Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima., Japan. pp. 239.
Chapter in book
  1. Gambang, A.C., Daud, A., Lim, A.P.K. & Osman, M. (2004). Fish Community of Pulau Layang Layang. In Mohamed, P.A. (Ed.), Marine Biodiversity of Pulau Layang Layang, Malaysia. Marine Research Station Layang Layang (MARSAL), Fisheries Research Institute, Department of Fisheries Malaysia. pp. 43-58.
Checklist
  1. Check List of Marine Fishes of the Southeast Asian Region (1996)

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Ms. Nurliyana Binti Abd Rahman, Ms. Nursyafiqa Madzlen, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Sphyrna lewini. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/28672. Downloaded on 18 June 2021.

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