Native Plants

Rubroshorea macrophylla

Illipe Nut Tree
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2019
LC
Least Concern
Sarawak Plant Red List
ver 3.1, 2014
VU
Vulnerable
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
ver 2.3, 1998
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 69519
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Specific Epithet
    macrophylla (De Vriese) P.S.Ashton & J.Heck.
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Description

Shorea macrophylla is one of the endemic species that can be found in Borneo. It is widespread in Brunei, Kalimantan, Sabah and Sawarak (Randi et al., 2019). It also can grow fastest, which make it more resilient to logging and habitat threats than any other dipterocarp species. This species can reach up to 45 m tall and 150 cm diameter. It is a valuable tree for most of local communities as sources of timber and fruit. The fruits are harvested to produce oil.

 

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2019 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
2014 Sarawak Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
1998 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
2.3
1998 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Vulnerable (VU)
2.3

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Ang, L.H., Ho, W.M. & Tang, L.K. (2014). A Depository of Lowland Forest Tree Species Established on a Brown-Filled Site in Ara Damansara, Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 29, 55-60
  2. Ang, L.H. (2017). Successful Greening Models of Some Disturbed Sites in Peninsular Malaysia. Seminar on Reclamation, Rehabilitation and Restoration of Disturbed Sites: Planting of National and IUCN Red List Species, 15-17 August 2017, Kuala Lumpur (14), 6-14
  3. Ashton, P.S. & Heckenhauer, J. (2022). Tribe Shoreae (Dipterocarpaceae subfamily Dipterocarpoideae) Finally Dissected. Kew Bull 77 (4), 885-903. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-022-10057-w
  4. Lateef, A.A., Sepiah, M. & Bolhassan, M.H. (2016). Diversity and Distribution of Microfungi from Dipterocarp Forests in Sarawak, Borneo Island (Malaysia). Malaysian Journal of Science 35 (2), 271-284
  5. Widiyatno, Soekotjo, Na'iem, M., Purnomo, S. & Setiyanto, P.E. (2014). Early Performance of 23 Dipterocarp Species Planted in Logged-Over Rainforest. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 26 (2), 259-266
  6. Watling, R. & Lee, S.S. (1995). Ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with members of the Dipterocarpaceae in Peninsular Malaysia-I. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 7 (4), 657-669
Book
  1. FRIM : A Year of Colours, 2014. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 127.
  2. Abd. Latif, M., Nik Zanariah, N.M., Zawiah, N. & Othaman, H. (2014). Kenali 114 Spesies Buah-Buahan Liar. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia & Kementerian Sumber Asli & Alam Sekitar, Malaysia. pp. 228-229.
  3. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  4. Khoo, E., Tsen, S., Lee, Y.L., Sugau, J.B., Pereira, J.T., Nilus, R. & Maycock, C.R. (2022). The Sabah Plant Red list of Dipterocarpaceae. Sabah Forestry Department, Sandakan. pp. 223.
  5. Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. & MacKinven, A. (1998). The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK. pp. 1-628.
  6. Julia, S., Chong, L., Vilma, B., Esther, S. & Pearce, K.G. (2014). Sarawak Plant Red List Dipterocarpaceae: Series I: Dipterocarpus, Dryobalanops & Shorea. Sarawak Forestry Corporation Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia. pp. 193.
  7. Praveena, B.K. & Maria Arlene, J.A.S. (2013). Compendium of Facts and Figures. 2nd Edition. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 161.
  8. Ratnam, L. (1995). Windows on The Forest: Glimpses of FRIM for the Nature Loving Visitor, Issue/No. 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 143.
  9. Soepadmo, E., Saw, L.G. & Chung, R.C.K. (2004). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak, Volume 5. Sabah Forestry Department, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Sarawak Forestry Department, Malaysia. pp. 528.
  10. Wong, K.M. & Mustapha, M. (1997). The Rimba Ilmu - The University of Malaya's Garden of a Thousand Species - an introduction to Malaysia's first university botanic garden. pp. 31.
Magazine/Bulletin
  1. Durability of Timbers for Indoor Applications in Malaysia. Timber Technology Bulletin: Compilation of Timber Technology Bulletins 1995-2015 (57), 2016. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Malaysia.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- L.S.L. Chua

Species Citation :- Rubroshorea macrophylla. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/69519. [Retrieved 27 February 2024].

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Website Citation: MyBIS (2024). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet https://www.mybis.gov.my/, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 27 February 2024].