Native Plants

Balanophora papuana

LC
Least Concern
Malaysia Plant Red List
Peninsular Malaysia 2021
LC
Least Concern
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
2010
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 31495
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Taxonomy

The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Description

Balanophora papuana is a herbaceous plant that is widespread throughout Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, the Philippines and the archipelago of islands stretching from Sumatera to New Guinea. It can be found in lower to upper montane forests at altitudes of 1000 – 2000 m. It typically has bright red to orange-yellow or yellow inflorescences (Hambali, 1980). The tubers resemble coral with 3 – 12 branches. The surface of the tubers is granular, sometimes with star-like, white warts. The male inflorescences are 2.5 – 5 x 1.5 – 3 cm with expanded flowers, subtended by inconspicuous tooth-like bracts. The male flowers are often arranged in conspicuous vertical rows with median tepals, wide and truncate, and lateral tepals, narrow and acute. The female inflorescences are obovoid to globose, deep red in colour, which is much smaller than the male inflorescence. The female flowers are chiefly borne on the main axis of the inflorescence. The fruits and seeds are unknown (Hansen, 1972).

The flowers are pollinated by wasps. In Peninsular Malaysia, this plant can be found at Gunung Stong, Taiping Hills, Cameron Highlands, Fraser’s Hill, Gunung Angsi, Gunung Ledang, Gunung Panti and Gunung Belumut. The conservation status for this species is Least Concern (Kiew, 2010).

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Forest → Montane Oak Forest
Unknown Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2021 Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
Peninsular Malaysia
N/A
2010 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
N/A

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 4
  • Kelantan 1
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 4
  • Perak 4
  • Selangor 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
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  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
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  • PM
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Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
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Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Evolution
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  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
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  • Science
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  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
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  • PM
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Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
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  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Book
  1. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Ahmad Fadzil, A.M., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Gunung Besar Hantu, Negeri Sembilan: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi, Issue/No. . Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 254.
  2. Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Saw, L.G., Soepadmo, E. & Boyce, P.C. (2010). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series II: Seed Plants, Volume 1, Issue/No. . Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 329.
  3. Latiff, A., Maimon, A., Norhayati, A. & Jumaat, H.A. (2009). Bukit Fraser: Crown of the Titiwangsa Range, Issue/No. . Penerbitan Pusat Penyelidikan Bukit Fraser, UKM, Bangi, Malaysia.
  4. Mohammad, M.S., Zainon, K & Zulfadhlan, A.K. (2013). Proceedings of The 2nd Temengor Scientific Expedition 2012, Issue/No. . Pulau Banding Foundation, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 388.
  5. Yong, W.S.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Lau, K.H., Siti-Nur Fatinah, K., Cheah, Y.H., Yao, T.L., Rafidah, A.R., Lim, C.L., Syahida-Emiza, S., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Nor-Ezzawanis, A.T., Chew, M.Y., Siti Munirah, M.Y., Julius, A., Phoon, S.N., Sam, Y.Y., Nadiah, I., Ong, P.T., Sarah Nabila, R., Suhaida, M., Muhammad-Alif Azyraf, A., Siti Eryani, S., Yap, J.W., Jutta, M., Azeman, S., Salleh, N., Kiew, R. & Chung, R.C.K. (2021). Malaysia Red List: Plants of Peninsular Malaysia, Volume 1, Issue/No. 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 753.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mrs. Hakimah Binti Jaafar, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Nur Asikin Binti Maskuri, Ms. Nur Farahin Binti Mustafa, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Sara Eisya Binti Mohamed Ghozali, Ms. Siti Nor Hidayati Kamaruddin, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- E. Soepadmo, Lim Chung Lu & Syazwani Azeman

Species Citation :- Balanophora papuana. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/31495. [Retrieved 27 June 2022].

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Website Citation: MyBIS (2022). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet https://www.mybis.gov.my/, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 27 June 2022].