Native Plants

Dillenia suffruticosa

Simpoh Air
NE
Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
QR Code
SSN 33560
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Taxonomy

The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Flower
Leaf
Flower
Flower
Infructescence
Flower
Infructescence
Flower

Description

Dillenia suffruticosa is a shrubby plant known by the local as simpoh air because it commonly grows in wet places. It is a pioneer species and grows vigorously on eroded soil, wasteland, and forest margins or in swampy areas.

Simpoh air can grow up to 10 m tall and has beautiful large glossy leaves with conspicuous veins, large yellow flowers and pink star-shaped mature fruits. Besides, this species also has very deep tap roots to reach underground water sources. Nowadays, it is planted as an ornamental along roadsides because it blooms continuously and is easily planted using seeds.

In terms of traditional use, the young roots is used to cure cuts, wounds and to treat epilepsy.

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Terrestrial   —   An animal that lives on/near the ground or a plant that grows on/in/from land

Assessment

Structure

Flower Inflorescences
Arrangement
 
Raceme
Flower Petal
Color
 
Yellow

Location

by State Location
  • Johor 2
  • Pahang 1
  • Selangor 4
  • Terengganu 1
  • WP Kuala Lumpur 1
  • WP Putrajaya 3
by Protected Areas Location
  • Wildlife Sanctuary/Reserve 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center Total
21

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Kiew, R., Kamin, I. & Chung, R.C.K. (2017). Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One Ecosystem. 2 (e13708): pp. 41 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Tan, A.L. & Latiff, A. (2014). A Taxonomic Study of Dillenia L. (Dilleniaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 66 (3): pp. 338-353
Book
  1. Biodiversity in an urban ecosystem: Putrajaya Lake and Wetland. Perbadanan Putrajaya. pp. 185.
  2. Pokok Utama Berbunga, 2008. Jabatan Landskap Negara. pp. 72. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Adler, P.H. (2002). A Guide to Taman Botani Putrajaya: Tropical Roots. Perbadanan Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 13.
  4. Chang, Y.S., Mazura, M.P. & Nik Musaadah, M. (2008). Plant, Health and Man - Past, Present and Future . Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Kepong, Selangor Darul Ehsan , Malaysia. pp. 343.
  5. Faridah-Hanum, I. & Shamsul, K. (2004). A guide to the common plants of Ayer Hitam Forest, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. pp. 220.
  6. Go, R. (2013). Paya Indah Wetlands : The Array of Plant Life. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE), Malaysia. pp. 100.
  7. Latiff, A. (2010). Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve: Green Lung of Kuala Lumpur. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 100.
  8. Maimon, A., Norhayati, A. & Latiff, A. (2017). Mekar Putrajaya: Putrajaya Blooms. Perbadanan Putrajaya, Putrajaya, Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 181.
  9. Shaharuddin, M.I., Azahar, M., Razani, U., Kamaruzaman, A.B., Lim, K.L., Suhaili, R., Jalil, M.S. & Latiff, A. (2005). Sustainable Management of Matang Mangroves: 100 Years and Beyond. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 531.
  10. Maimon, A. (2008). Biodiversity of Sungai Pulai: Ramsar Site, Johor. Earth Observation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 97.
  11. Adnan, M., Zainuddin, A.F., Hamzah, M.A., Moorthy, M. & Mohamad Zaki, M.I. (2018). Koleksi Pokok Taman Botani Kepong. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 1-234.
  12. Mohd. Paiz, K., Norhaidi, Y., Rosilan, S., Norhayati, A. & Latiff, A. (2016). Taman Rimba Kenong, Pahang: The Central Gem of Peninsular Malaysia. Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Pahang, Malaysia. pp. 135.
  13. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  14. Che Abd Rahim, Mohamed, Fathul Karim, S., Azima, A.M., Zaidi, C.C., Mustaffa, O. & Lee, J.N. (2010). Penyelidikan Pantai Timur Johor : Mersing Warisan Terpelihara. Pusat Penyelidikan Ekosistem Marin (EKOMAR), Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 256.
Chapter in book
  1. Seed Characters. In Van Balgooy, M.M.J., Low, Y.W. & Wong, K.M. (eds.) Spot-Characters for the Identification of Malesian Seed Plants. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Bhd. pp. 218-225.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mr. Hazrul Nizam Bin Abdul Aziz, Mr. Mohamad Amini Bin Nordin, Mr. Mohamad Nazrin Bin Ahmad Azmi, Ms. Nur Syahirah Binti Abd Hamid, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Dillenia suffruticosa. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/33560. Downloaded on 18 August 2019.

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