Native

Geostachys penangensis

Halia Gunung
EN
Endangered
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
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Taxonomy

Gallery  

Habit
Flower Inflorescences
Flower
Habit
Flower Inflorescences
Flower

Description

Geostachys penangensis is a moderate-sized ginger that reaches about 1.3 metres tall. Supported firmly by dense stilt roots up to 30 cm high above the soft layer of ground, this species has glabrous elliptic leaves. The inflorescences are decurved with individuals flowers arranged on one side. The labellum is pale yellow with transparent fine lines and the margin is smooth. Mature fruits are ellipsoid and brownish black.

As the name suggested, G. penangensis is to be found in Penang Island and most abundantly up on Penang Hill where it thrives along trails at several historical spots, among others at Government Hill, Tiger Hill, Western Hill and Moniot Road West. Initially, it was believed that this species was endemic to Penang but there have been records of G. penangensis from Sarawak (Lau et al., 2007).

Assessment

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Ms.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Robert Francis Peters (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Ginger
  • Elephants (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Access and Benefit-sharing (ABS)
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • Business
  • Conservation
  • Economics
  • Ecosystems
  • Education
  • Environment
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Tourism
  • Traditional Knowledge (TK)
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agricultural
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Lau, K.H. (2014). The Conservation of Peninsular Malaysian Geostachys (Zingiberaceae). Gardens Bulletin Singapore 66 (1): pp. 3-14
  2. Lau, K.H., Lim, C.K. & Mat-Salleh, K. (2007). Materials for a taxonomic revision of Geostachys (Baker) Rild. (Zingiberaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 59 (1&2): pp. 129-138
Checklist
  1. Checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Malesia. BLUMEA, 2004

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mr. Lau Kah Hoo, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Nor Hidayati Kamaruddin, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Geostachys penangensis. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/37699. Downloaded on 20 June 2019.

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