The given variable is not an array and contains a null value. Geostachys penangensis Ridl. | Zingiberaceae | Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)
 
Native Plants

Geostachys penangensis

Halia Gunung
EN
Endangered
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2019
EN
Endangered
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
QR Code
SSN 37699
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Taxonomy

Description

Geostachys penangensis is a moderate-sized ginger that reaches about 1.3 metres tall. Supported firmly by dense stilt roots up to 30 cm high above the soft layer of ground, this species has glabrous elliptic leaves. The inflorescences are decurved with individuals flowers arranged on one side. The labellum is pale yellow with transparent fine lines and the margin is smooth. Mature fruits are ellipsoid and brownish black.

As the name suggested, G. penangensis is to be found in Penang Island and most abundantly up on Penang Hill where it thrives along trails at several historical spots, among others at Government Hill, Tiger Hill, Western Hill and Moniot Road West. Initially, it was believed that this species was endemic to Penang but there have been records of G. penangensis from Sarawak (Lau et al., 2007).

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2019 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
3.1
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Endangered (EN)
N/A

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Robert Francis Peters (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Ginger
  • Elephants (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Access and Benefit-sharing (ABS)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Economics
  • Ecosystems
  • Education
  • Environment
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Tourism
  • Traditional Knowledge (TK)
  • SBH
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Lau, K.H., Lim, C.K. & Mat-Salleh, K. (2007). Materials for a taxonomic revision of Geostachys (Baker) Rild. (Zingiberaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 59 (1&2), 129-138
  2. Lau, K.H. & Lim, C.K. (2012). Revision of the genus Geostachys (Zingiberaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Folia malaysiana , Vol. 13 (1), 7-42
  3. Lau, K.H. (2014). The Conservation of Peninsular Malaysian Geostachys (Zingiberaceae). Gardens Bulletin Singapore 66 (1), 3-14
Checklist
  1. Checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Malesia. BLUMEA, 2004

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Fatin Qurratul 'ain Binti Saberam, Mr. Lau Kah Hoo, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Mrs. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Nor Hidayati Kamaruddin, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Ajla Rafidah & Lau Kah Hoo

Species Citation :- Geostachys penangensis. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/37699. [Retrieved 22 May 2024].

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