Native Plants

Millettia pinnata

Malapari
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2012
NE
Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
QR Code
SSN 41207
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Specific Epithet
    pinnata (L.) Panigrahi
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Description

Millettia pinnata, commonly known as the Indian beech, Pongam tree or locally known as mempari, is a species of legume in the Fabaceae family (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). It is native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia (including Malaysia) and introduced to Africa, where it grows in a variety of habitats, including forests, savannas, and other grasslands (PROTA, 2016). The tree can reach heights of up to 30 meters (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018) and has a straight, cylindrical trunk with rough, dark brown bark (PROTA, 2016).

The leaves of Millettia pinnata are alternate and pinnate, with 7-11 leaflets and a glossy green color (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). They are typically about 10-15 cm long and have a distinctive, feathery appearance (PROTA, 2016). The flowers of the tree are small and pink to white colour and are arranged in clusters on the branches (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). They are followed by elongated, flat pods containing seeds (PROTA, 2016).

In Malaysia, the tree is commonly found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and roadside verges (Mohd et al., 2013). It is often used as a shade tree and is prized for its attractive, fragrant flowers, which are used in traditional medicine and in the production of perfumes and other fragrant products (Mohd et al., 2013).

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2012 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Devaraj, R. & Sundararaj, R. (2014). Parasitoids of Asphondylia pongamiae (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), The Flower Gall Inducer of Pongamia pinnata and Their Roles in Biological Control. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 26 (2), 173-177
  2. Latiff, A., Faridah-Hanum, I., Zainudin Ibrahim, A., Goh, M.W.K., Loo, A.H.B. & Tan, H.T.W. (1999). On the Vegetation and Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6), 11-72
  3. Milow, P., Malek, S. & Ramli, M.R. (2017). Medicinal Plants of the Indigenous Tribes in Peninsular Malaysia: Current and Future Perspectives. Active Ingredients from Aromatic and Medicinal Plants. . https://doi.org/10.5772/66658
  4. Ong, S.P., Neumann, G., Khairun, Y., Che Salmah, M.R. & Kirton, L.G. (2014). Development and Size-Fecundity Relationship of the Yellow Lac Scale, Tachardina aurantiaca (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Kerriidae). Journal of Tropical Forest Science 26 (3), 435-441
  5. Sugau, J.B. & Tangah, J. (2004). A note on the vegetation of Malawali Island, Sabah. Sepilok Bulletin. 1, 41-55. http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my/docs/frc/Sepilok%20Bulletin%20Vol.%201.pdf
Book
  1. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  2. Mangrove Guidebook for Malaysia, 2015. Wetlands International, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Adnan, M., Zainuddin, A.F., Hamzah, M.A., Moorthy, M. & Mohamad Zaki, M.I. (2018). Koleksi Pokok Taman Botani Kepong. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 1-234.
  4. Che Abd Rahim, Mohamed, Fathul Karim, S., Azima, A.M., Zaidi, C.C., Mustaffa, O. & Lee, J.N. (2010). Penyelidikan Pantai Timur Johor : Mersing Warisan Terpelihara. Pusat Penyelidikan Ekosistem Marin (EKOMAR), Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 256.
  5. Chew, M.Y., Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Yap, J.W., Sam, Y.Y. & Chung, R.C.K. (2021). Wayside Trees: The Natural Pillars and Roofs of the Perdana Botanical Garden. Kuala Lumpur City Hall and Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 182.
  6. Ong, H.C. (2004). Tumbuhan Liar: Khasiat & Kegunaan Lain. Utusan Publications & Distribution Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia. pp. 241.
  7. Phang, S.M., Affendi, Y.A., Ooi, J.L.S. & Haji, A.J.M. (2008). Natural History of The Pulau Tioman Group of Islands. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), University of Malaya, Malaysia. pp. 292.
  8. Wan Juliana, W.A, Norhayati, A. & Abdul Latiff, M. (2018). Flora Bakau Malaysia : Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 101.
  9. Wan Juliana, W.A, Norhayati, A. & Abdul Latiff, M. (2018). Mangrove Flora of Malaysia: Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. pp. 100. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
Chapter in book
  1. Milow, P., Malek, S. & Ramli, M.R. (March 2017). Medicinal Plants of the Indigenous Tribes in Peninsular Malaysia: Current and Future Perspectives. In El-Shemy, H. (Ed.), Active Ingredients from Aromatic and Medicinal Plants. InTechOpen. pp. 14.
Magazine/Bulletin
  1. Identification and utilization of lesser-known commercial timbers in Peninsular Malaysia. 4. Kelempayan, Melembu, Membuloh and Mempari. Timber Technology Bulletin: Compilation of Timber Technology Bulletins 1995-2015 (57), 2016. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia.
Newsletter
  1. Veronica, P. (2003, September). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 25, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/157

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Norhayati Binti Ahmad

Species Citation :- Millettia pinnata. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/41207. [Retrieved 07 February 2023].

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