Native Animals

Troides helena

Common Birdwing
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2018
QR Code
SSN 42223
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Taxonomy

Description

This common birdwing is a considerably large butterfly with its forewing measuring about 8 cm from its base to its apex. Its forewing could be wholly black or sometimes with whitish apical streaks while its hindwing is yellow with black veins in contrast. The hindwing is bordered by black wavy pattern and in comparison to a male; a female common birdwing would have large black spots on the inner side of the black border. Flying slowly or swiftly, the common birdwing lives most often in the canopy of lowland and montane forests but also comes to parks near forests. It will fly low to feed at flowers (Kirton, 2014).

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Artificial - Terrestrial → Rural Gardens
Suitable Unknown
2
Artificial - Terrestrial → Urban Areas
Suitable Unknown
3
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
Suitable Unknown
4
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2018 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1

Location

by State Location
  • Kedah 1
  • Terengganu 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Aishah Hani Azil (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Mosquitoes
  • Biodiversity
  • Medical
  • Science
Azidah Abdul Aziz (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Fatimah Abang (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Insects
  • Butterflies and Moths
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • SBH
  • SWK
Heo Chong Chin (Dr.)
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Medical
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Homathevi Rahman (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Insects
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Protected Areas
  • SBH
  • SEA
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Liew Thor Seng (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Insects
  • Molluscs
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Masri Bin Saranum (Mr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Butterflies and Moths
  • Flies (Ecology)
  • Insects
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Biological Resource
  • Biosecurity
  • Ecosystems
  • Entomology
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Microorganism
  • Pest
  • Research and Development (R&D)
  • PM
Nivaarani Arumugam (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
Noor Azrizal Bin Abdul Wahid (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Insects
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • Evolution
  • Parasitology
  • Entomology
  • PM
Raja Muhammad Zuha (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Education
  • Taxonomy
  • Science
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Suhaila Abd Hamid (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Insects
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Insects (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Water
  • PM
Sze Huei Yek (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Ants
  • Insects
  • Mosquitoes
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecology
  • Entomology
  • Evolution
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Tan Li Peng (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Arachnids
  • Insects
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • PM
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Chung, A.Y.C., Chew, S.K.F., Majapun, R. & Nilus, R. (2013). Insect diversity of Bukit Hampuan Forest Reserve, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (10), 4461-4473. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3243.4461-73
  2. Häuser, C.L., Schulze, C.H. & Fiedler, K. (1997). The Butterfly Species (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) of Kinabalu Park, Sabah. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 45 (2), 281-304
  3. Latiff, A. & Norhayati, A. (2010). Pemuliharaan dan Kepelbagaian Biologi untuk Pembangunan Ekopelancongan di Langkawi Geopark. Akademika 80 (1), 31-38
Book
  1. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  2. Corbet, A.S. & Pendlebury, H.M. (1993). The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Malaysian Nature Society, Malaysia. pp. 597.
  3. Hazebroek, H.P., Adlin, T.Z. & Sinun, W. (2011). Danum Valley: The Rain Forest. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 615.
  4. Kirton, L.G. (2014). A Naturalist's Guide to the Butterflies of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. John Beaufoy Publishing, England. pp. 176.
  5. Omar, R., Aziz, A.A. & Badrud'din, S. (2023). Butterflies of Peninsular Malaysia: with a checklist of Scientific, English and Malay names. Ministry of Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Dr. Farizawati Sabri, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Mohamad Ikhmal Husin, Ms. Noor Zahidah Binti Ahmad Sobri, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Mrs. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurul Athirah Liyana Bt Abdul Rashid, Dr. Phon Chooi Khim, Mrs. Siti Jumiah Binti Abdul Razak, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Ms. Wan Nurul ‘ain Binti Wan Mohd Nor, Mrs. Yasmin Syazwani Binti Mohammed & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Jeff Lin & Yasser Arifin

Species Citation :- Troides helena. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/42223. [Retrieved 24 April 2024].

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Website Citation: MyBIS (2024). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet https://www.mybis.gov.my/, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 24 April 2024].