Native Plants

Pyrrosia penangiana

LC
Least Concern
Malaysia Plant Red List
Peninsular Malaysia ver 3.1, 2021
QR Code
SSN 42608
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Taxonomy

The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Description

Pyrrosia penangiana is a type of fern that belongs to the family Polypodiaceae. Its short rhizomes are measured around 3-6 mm thick. The fronds are contiguous, narrowed to the base and widest above the middle. The sori are apical and not reaching to the edge of the frond.

The genus Pyrrosia is derived from a Greek word, pyrrho meaning reddish; while the species epithet referred to the location of the type collection, Penang.

It is distributed in Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Lesser Sunda Island. It is either a lithophyte in shady crevices near the summit of limestone hills, or act as an epiphytic fern in hill and lower montane forest, occurring up to 500 m altitudes. Its conservation status is Near Threatened in Peninsular Malaysia (Hovenkamp, 2013).

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Epiphyte   —   Growing on another organism but not parasitic. Not growing on the ground.
sometimes also as an epiphyte in hill and lower montane forest; to 500 m altitude.
 
Lithophytes   —   Plants that grow in or on rocks
Lithophyte in shady crevices near the summit of limestone hills

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Forest → Lowland Dipterocarp Forest (Malayan, Burmese)
Unknown Unknown
2
Vegetation → Limestone Vegetation
Unknown Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2021 Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
Peninsular Malaysia
3.1
2013 Malaysia Plant Red List
Near Threatened (NT)
N/A

Location

by State Location
  • Kedah 1
  • Kelantan 2
  • Pahang 4
  • Penang 1
  • Perak 2
  • Perlis 1
  • Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

References

Book
  1. Azahar, M., Azman, A.R., Che, H.H., Koh, H.L., Norhayati, A. & Latiff, A. (2007). Taman Rimba Kenong, Pahang: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 248.
  2. Parris, B.S., Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K. & Saw, L.G. (2013). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Series I:Ferns and Lycophytes, Volume 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 1-243.
  3. Piggott, A.G. (1988). Ferns of Malaysia in Colour. Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 458.
  4. Shaharuddin, M.I., Che, H.H., Mohd. Puat, Dahalan, Jalil, M.S., Norhaidi, Y. & Latiff, A. (2005). Hutan Simpan Ulu Muda, Kedah: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal Dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 310.
  5. Yong, W.S.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Lau, K.H., Siti-Nur Fatinah, K., Cheah, Y.H., Yao, T.L., Rafidah, A.R., Lim, C.L., Syahida-Emiza, S., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Nor-Ezzawanis, A.T., Chew, M.Y., Siti Munirah, M.Y., Julius, A., Phoon, S.N., Sam, Y.Y., Nadiah, I., Ong, P.T., Sarah Nabila, R., Suhaida, M., Muhammad-Alif Azyraf, A., Siti Eryani, S., Yap, J.W., Jutta, M., Azeman, S., Salleh, N., Kiew, R. & Chung, R.C.K. (2021). Malaysia Red List: Plants of Peninsular Malaysia, Volume 1, Issue/No. 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 753.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Nur Farahin Binti Mustafa, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani

Species Citation :- Pyrrosia penangiana. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/42608. [Retrieved 07 December 2022].

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