Native Animals

Manta birostris

Manta Ray
VU
Vulnerable
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2011
QR Code
SSN 47497
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Taxonomy

The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Adult

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Deep Ocean Floor → Seamount
Marginal Unknown
2
Marine Neritic → Coral Reef - Back Slope
Suitable Unknown
3
Marine Neritic → Coral Reef - Foreslope (Outer Reef Slope)
Suitable Unknown
4
Marine Neritic → Coral Reef - Inter-Reef Rubble Substrate
Unknown Unknown
5
Marine Neritic → Coral Reef - Inter-Reef Soft Substrate
Unknown Unknown
6
Marine Neritic → Coral Reef - Lagoon
Suitable Unknown
7
Marine Neritic → Coral Reef - Outer Reef Channel
Suitable Unknown
8
Marine Neritic → Estuaries
Marginal Unknown
9
Marine Neritic → Pelagic
Suitable Unknown
10
Marine Neritic → Seagrass (Submerged)
Unknown Unknown
11
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Loose Rock/Pebble/Gravel
Unknown Unknown
12
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Muddy
Unknown Unknown
13
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
Suitable Unknown
14
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Sandy
Marginal Unknown
15
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Sandy-Mud
Unknown Unknown
16
Marine Oceanic → Bathypelagic (1,000 - 4,000 m)
Marginal Unknown
17
Marine Oceanic → Epipelagic (0 - 200 m)
Suitable Unknown
18
Marine Oceanic → Mesopelagic (200 - 1,000 m)
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

References

Article
  1. Chong, V.C., Lee, P.K.Y. & Lau, C.M. (2010). Diversity, extinction risk and conservation of Malaysian fishes. Journal of Fish Biology 76 (9): pp. 2009-2066
Book
  1. A country and regional prioritisation for supporting implementation of CITES provisions for sharks, 2018. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) . pp. 199. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Ahmad, A., Gambang, A.C., Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M. & Lim, A.P.K. (2007). Field Guide to Rays and Chimaeras of Malaysia and Neighbouring Countries. Fisheries Research Institute, Sarawak Branch, Bintawa, Malaysia. pp. 58.
  3. Kimura, S., Satapoomin, U. & Matsuura, K. (2009). Fishes of Andaman Sea : West Coast of Southern Thailand. National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan. pp. 346.
  4. Kamarruddin, I., Mohamed, C.A.R., Kee Alfian, B.A.A., Fitra, A.Z., Lee, J.N. & Rozaimi, M.J. (2011). Malaysia's Marine Biodiversity: Inventory and Current Status. Department of Marine Park Malaysia and Marine Ecosystem Research Centre (EKOMAR), Malaysia. pp. 212.
  5. Yusri, A., Hamdan, J. & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2010). Ikan Laut Malaysia: Glosari Nama Sahih Spesis Ikan . Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 290.
Chapter in book
  1. Gambang, A.C., Daud, A., Lim, A.P.K. & Osman, M. (2004). Fish Community of Pulau Layang Layang. In Mohamed, P.A. (ed.) Marine Biodiversity of Pulau Layang Layang, Malaysia. Marine Research Station Layang Layang (MARSAL), Fisheries Research Institute, Department of Fisheries Malaysia. pp. 43-58.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Ms. Nurliyana Binti Abd Rahman, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Manta birostris. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/47497. Downloaded on 06 December 2019.

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