Native Animals
 

Dugong dugon

Dugong
VU
Vulnerable
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2015
QR Code
SSN 47531
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Taxonomy

The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Description

Dugong dugon, known as dugong or sea cow is the only herbivorous sea mammals. The dugong is the only species in the family Dugongidae and one of four living species of the order Sirenia. It is most closely related to the giant Steller’s sea cow (Hydrodamalis gigas), which was hunted to extinction around 1768 by Russian fur traders (Phillipps, 2014). Their diet consists mainly of seagrass. Dugongs can be found in warm coastal waters from East Africa to Australia, including the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, and Pacific. The major threats for dugongs are the hunting pressure, incidental capture, pollution, habitat loss and climate change. The decline of dugongs makes them to be assigned as Vulnerable under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Habits

  Part Habit
Adult
Herbivore   —   The eating of plants

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Intertidal → Mangrove Submerged Roots
Marginal Unknown
2
Marine Intertidal → Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, etc.
Marginal Unknown
3
Marine Neritic → Estuaries
Suitable Unknown
4
Marine Neritic → Seagrass (Submerged)
Suitable Unknown
5
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Muddy
Suitable Unknown
6
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
Marginal Unknown
7
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Sandy
Suitable Unknown
8
Marine Neritic → Subtidal Sandy-Mud
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2015 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
3.1
2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1986 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A
1982 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Vulnerable (VU)
N/A

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amy Then Yee Hui (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • Seahorses (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
David Magintan (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Mammals
  • Elephants
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Faisal Ali Anwarali Khan (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Mammals
  • Bats
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • Molecular
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Farah Shafawati Mohd Taib (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Birds
  • Mammals
  • Rodents
  • Treeshrews
  • Squirrels
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
Jayaraj Vijaya Kumaran (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Genetics
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
Jeffrine Rovie Ryan Japning (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Monkeys
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Kayal Vizi Karuppannan (Mrs.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Elephants
  • Fishes
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Midhat Nabil Ahmad Salimi (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Data Analysis
  • Ecosystems
  • Education
  • Environment
  • Genetics
  • History
  • Management
  • Medical
  • Molecular
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Synthetic Biology
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SEA
  • W
Mohammad Shahfiz Azman (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Amphibians
  • Mammals
  • Birds
  • Awareness
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Landscape
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Tajuddin Abdullah (Prof. Dato' Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Nasharuddin Bin Othman (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Rahimatsah Amat (Dr.)
Sabah Environmental Trust (SET)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Environment
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • SEA
Rahmat Topani (Mr.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Rosli Ramli (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Birds
  • Biodiversity
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Protected Areas
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Saifullah A. Jaaman @ Sharman (Assoc. Prof.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Tan Cheng Cheng (Ms.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
Tan Poai Ean (Ms.)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (PERHILITAN)
  • Bats
  • Mammals
  • Rodents
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Management
  • PM
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Rajamani, L., Cabanban, A.S. & Rahman, R.A. (2006). Indigenous Use and Trade of Dugong (Dugong dugon) in Sabah, Malaysia. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 35 (5): pp. 266-268
  2. Jaaman, S.A. & Mohamed, C.A.R. (2014). Marine Mammals in the Waters of East Coast Johor, Malaysia. ASM Science Journal 8 (2): pp. 143-149
  3. Ponnampalam, L. S. (2012). Opportunistic Observations on The Distribution of Cetaceans in The Malaysian South China, Sulu and Sulawesi Seas and an Updated Checklist of Marine Mammals in Malaysia. 60 (1): pp. 221-231
Book
  1. ASEAN Biodiversity Outlook 2, 2017. ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, Philippines. pp. 220. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Handbook on the Living Marine Resources of Malaysia Marine Park, 2011. Department of Marine Park Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 123.
  3. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  4. Malaysian Naturalist, Volume 74, Issue/No. 4, 2021. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 311.
  5. Pesona Perikanan Malaysia, 2016. Jabatan Perikanan Malaysia.
  6. Kamarruddin, I., Mohamed, C.A.R., Kee Alfian, B.A.A., Fitra, A.Z., Lee, J.N. & Rozaimi, M.J. (2011). Malaysia's Marine Biodiversity: Inventory and Current Status. Department of Marine Park Malaysia and Marine Ecosystem Research Centre (EKOMAR), Malaysia. pp. 212.
  7. Norhayati, A. & Maimon, A. (2012). Sungai Santi Forest Reserve: Mangrove Splendour of South-East Johor. Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  8. Payne, J. & Francis, C.M. (1985). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo. The Sabah Society, Malaysia. pp. 326.
  9. Phillipps, Q. & Phillipps, K. (2016). Phillipps’ Guide to the Mammals of Borneo and their Ecology: Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei, and Kalimantan. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. pp. 400.
  10. Saleem, M. (2007). Marine BioValley Universiti Malaysia Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. pp. 1-67.
Magazine/Bulletin
  1. Terumbu (2), 7/2011. Jabatan Taman Laut Malaysia — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Ms. Noor Amira Aini Binti Noor Anwar, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Species Citation :- Dugong dugon. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/47531. [Retrieved 24 May 2022].

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