Animals

Oecophylla smaragdina

Kerengga
QR Code
SSN 47586
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Taxonomy

The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Adult
Adult
Nest

Description

Oecophylla smaragdina, more commonly known as kerengga or red weaver ants, is a species of arboreal ant found in tropical Asian countries and Australia. These ants form colonies with multiple nests among the foliage of trees. Colonies can be extremely large consisting of more than a hundred nests extending over numerous trees and containing more than half a million workers. Each nest is made of leaves stitched together using the silk secreted by the ant larvae. Nests are built during the night, with major workers weaving towards the exterior and minor workers completing the interior structure. This species is highly territorial and workers aggressively defend their territories against intruders. They prey on insects that are harmful to their host trees. Despite the fact that this species lacks a functional sting but it can inflict painful bites. It is widely distributed in tropical Asia and Australia.

Location

by State Location
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Perak 2
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center Total
1

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Aishah Hani Azil (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Mosquitoes
  • Biodiversity
  • Medical
  • Science
Azidah Abdul Aziz (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Fatimah Abang (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Insects
  • Moths and Butterflies
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • SBH
  • SWK
Heo Chong Chin (Dr.)
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Medical
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Liew Thor Seng (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Insects
  • Molluscs
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nivaarani Arumugam (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
Raja Muhammad Zuha (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Education
  • Taxonomy
  • Science
  • Law and Policy
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Suhaila Abd Hamid (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Insects
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Insects (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Water
  • PM
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Noor Izwan, A. & Ahmad, A. (2015). Estimating Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Diversity of Tasek Bera Ramsar Site, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 30: pp. 1-13
  2. Roychoudhury, Nilanjan (2017). New Record Of Natural Enemies Of Sal Heartwood Borer, Hoplocerambyx spinicornis Newman (Coleoptera : Cerambycidae). Pestology 41: pp. 33-38
Book
  1. Collen, B, Bohm, M, Kemp, R & Baillie, J.E.M. (2012). Spineless: status and trends of the world’s invertebrates. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. pp. 88. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Nik Ahmad Irwan Izzauddin, N. H., Suhaila, A.H. & Zarul, H.H. (2019). Royal Belum-Temengor Rainforest : The Hidden Treasure of Perak. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia and Kementerian Air, Tanah dan Sumber Asli. pp. 300.
  3. Sibunruang, S., Suteparuk, S. & Sitprija, V. (2013). Manual of Practical Management of Snake-bites and Animal Toxin Injury. Bangkok: Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, The Thai Red Cross Society, Thailand. pp. 88.
  4. Ang, L.H., Ravinder, Kaur & Zoal Azha, Yusof (2012). Rimba Bidor: A Gift to Nature. Tin Tailings Afforestation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 108.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Ms. Farhah Zahirah Binti Zuhaimi, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Muhammad Azmi Mohammed, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Ms. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Oecophylla smaragdina. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/47586. Downloaded on 29 February 2020.

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