Native Animals

Oecophylla smaragdina

Kerengga
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SSN 47586
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Taxonomy

The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Description

Oecophylla smaragdina, more commonly known as kerengga or red weaver ants, is a species of arboreal ant found in tropical Asian countries and Australia. These ants form colonies with multiple nests among the foliage of trees. Colonies can be extremely large consisting of more than a hundred nests extending over numerous trees and containing more than half a million workers. Each nest is made of leaves stitched together using the silk secreted by the ant larvae. Nests are built during the night, with major workers weaving towards the exterior and minor workers completing the interior structure. This species is highly territorial and workers aggressively defend their territories against intruders. They prey on insects that are harmful to their host trees. Despite the fact that this species lacks a functional sting but it can inflict painful bites. It is widely distributed in tropical Asia and Australia.

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 1
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Perak 2
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center   Total
1

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Aishah Hani Azil (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Mosquitoes
  • Biodiversity
  • Medical
  • Science
Azidah Abdul Aziz (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Fatimah Abang (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Insects
  • Butterflies and Moths
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • SBH
  • SWK
Heo Chong Chin (Dr.)
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Medical
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Homathevi Rahman (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Insects
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Protected Areas
  • SBH
  • SEA
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Liew Thor Seng (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Insects
  • Molluscs
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Masri Bin Saranum (Mr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Butterflies and Moths
  • Flies (Ecology)
  • Insects
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Biological Resource
  • Biosecurity
  • Ecosystems
  • Entomology
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Microorganism
  • Pest
  • Research and Development (R&D)
  • PM
Nivaarani Arumugam (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
Noor Azrizal Bin Abdul Wahid (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Insects
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • Evolution
  • Parasitology
  • Entomology
  • PM
Raja Muhammad Zuha (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Education
  • Taxonomy
  • Science
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Suhaila Abd Hamid (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Insects
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Insects (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Water
  • PM
Sze Huei Yek (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Ants
  • Insects
  • Mosquitoes
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecology
  • Entomology
  • Evolution
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Tan Li Peng (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Arachnids
  • Insects
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • PM
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Chung, A.Y.C., Tangah, J. & Japir, R. (2018). Insect diversity as a tool to monitor the status of a rehabilitated mangrove site in Sabah. Sepilok Bulletin. 27, 30-50 . http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my/docs/frc/Sepilok%20Bulletin%20Vol.%2027.pdf
  2. Noor Izwan, A. & Ahmad, A. (2015). Estimating Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Diversity of Tasek Bera Ramsar Site, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 30, 1-13
  3. Roychoudhury, Nilanjan (2017). New Record Of Natural Enemies Of Sal Heartwood Borer, Hoplocerambyx spinicornis Newman (Coleoptera : Cerambycidae). Pestology 41, 33-38
Book
  1. Ang, L.H., Kaur, R. & Yusof, Z.A. (2012). Rimba Bidor: A Gift to Nature. Tin Tailings Afforestation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 108.
  2. Collen, B, Bohm, M., Kemp, R & Baillie, J.E.M. (2012). Spineless: status and trends of the world’s invertebrates. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. pp. 88. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Mohamed, M., David, M.C & Fadhil, A.R (2017). Insects Of Gunung Ledang, Johor, Malaysia. Penerbit UTHM.
  4. Nik Ahmad Irwan Izzauddin, N. H., Suhaila, A.H. & Zarul, H.H. (2019). Royal Belum-Temengor Rainforest : The Hidden Treasure of Perak. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia and Kementerian Air, Tanah dan Sumber Asli. pp. 300.
  5. Sibunruang, S., Suteparuk, S. & Sitprija, V. (2013). Manual of Practical Management of Snake-bites and Animal Toxin Injury. Bangkok: Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, The Thai Red Cross Society, Thailand. pp. 88.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Ms. Farhah Zahirah Binti Zuhaimi, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Muhammad Azmi Mohammed, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Mrs. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Arthur Y.C. Chung, Ong Su Ping & USM

Species Citation :- Oecophylla smaragdina. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/47586. [Retrieved 26 May 2024].

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Website Citation: MyBIS (2024). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet https://www.mybis.gov.my/, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 26 May 2024].