Native Animals
 

Trimeresurus albolabris

White-lipped Pitviper
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2012
QR Code
SSN 57764
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Taxonomy

The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Description

The average size of the Green Pit Viper or also called the White-lipped Pit Viper is about 60 – 95 cm. This species has a fairly stout body with keeled scales. Its triangular head is distinct from the neck and the coloration of head and body are yellowish green or green. The head sides underneath the eyes are yellow, white, pale green or yellowish green. The ventral scales are pale yellow and the dorsal of its tail is reddish-brown. Pit organs are presented in front of the eyes (Sibunruang et al., 2013). It hunts on mice, birds, lizards and frogs at night on the ground and spends daytime resting in vegetation. 

The Green Pit Viper has a green coloration making it difficult to see in the trees.  Some non-venomous green snakes are usually misidentified as this viper.  This viper has a red tail which is the main difference between it and other non-venomous species.  This tail is sometimes used as a lure to attract prey such as birds because it resembles a worm.  This snake has hemotoxic venom that attacks the blood and causes significant swelling.

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Arboreal   —   Spend the majority of their lives in trees.
 
Nocturnal   —   Active during the night
 
Ovoviviparous   —   Reproduction through production of live young that hatch from eggs within female oviducts.
 
Venomous   —   Capable of injecting venom by means of a bite or sting.

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Artificial - Terrestrial → Arable Land
Suitable Unknown
2
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Structure

Dentitional
Type
 
Solenoglyphous

Antivenom

Manufacturer First Dose/vials
Green Pit Viper Antivenin to Neutralize 0.7 mg/ml of venom
QSMI Thai Red Cross
30 mls / 3 vials
Subsequent dose 6 hr
Hemato Polyvalent Snake Antivenom
QSMI Thai Red Cross
30 mls / 3 vials
Subsequent dose 6 hr

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Chen Pelf Nyok (Dr.)
Turtle Conservation Society of Malaysia (TCS)
  • Turtles (Ecology)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Education
  • Environment
  • PM
Kaviarasu Munian (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • PM
Lim Boo Liat (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Rodents (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Invasive Alien Species
Mohd Abdul Muin Bin Md Akil (Mr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Amphibians
  • Birds
  • Reptiles
  • Snakes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
Teo Eng Wah (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Reptiles
  • Amphibians
  • Invasive Alien Species
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Book
  1. Guidelines for the Management of Snakebites, 2nd edition, 2016. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi, India. pp. 206.
  2. Snake Farm Exhibition, 2010. Snake Farm, Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, The Thai Red Cross Society, Thailand. pp. 97.
  3. WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, 2010. World Health Organization, Switzerland. pp. 140. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  4. Das, I. (2010). A Field Guide to the Reptiles of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers (UK), England. pp. 369.
  5. Das, I. (2012). A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-east Asia : Including Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. John Beaufoy Publishing, Oxford, England. pp. 70-71; 160 pg.
  6. Marlon, R., Supriatna, J., Liswanto, D., Baskoro, K., Putra, S. & Patty, H.R. (2014). Panduan Visual dan Identifikasi Lapangan: 107+ Ular Indonesia. Indonesia Nature & Wildlife Publishing, Indonesia. pp. 251.
  7. Rusli, N., Marlon, R., Lilley, R., Ekariyono, W. & Laister, A. (2016). Mengenal Ular Jabodetabek - Snakes of Jakarta and Its Surroundings. Ciliwung Reptile Center, Jakarta, Indonesia. pp. 168.
  8. Sitprija, V. & Suteparuk, S. (2012). Clinical Physiology of Animal Toxins: An Overview. Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, The Thai Red Cross Society, Thailand. pp. 119.
  9. Sibunruang, S., Suteparuk, S. & Sitprija, V. (2013). Manual of Practical Management of Snake-bites and Animal Toxin Injury. Bangkok: Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, The Thai Red Cross Society, Thailand. pp. 88.
Chapter in book
  1. Ismail, A.K. (January 2015). Snakebite and Envenomation Management in Malaysia. In Gopalakrishnakone, P., Faiz, M.A., Fernando, R., Gnanathasan, C.A., Habib, A.G. & Yang, C.-C. (eds.) Clinical Toxinology in Asia Pacific and Africa. Springer. pp. 71-102.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Ms. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Trimeresurus albolabris. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/57764. Downloaded on 15 October 2019.

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