Non-Native Animals
 

Trimeresurus puniceus

Javanese Pit Viper
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2012
QR Code
SSN 49529
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    puniceus (Boie, 1827)
  • Common Name
  • Residential
    Non-Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Description

The Javanese Pit Viper (Trimeresurus puniceus) is a highly venomous snake species. Its brown coloration makes it difficult to see amongst the branches. The color of this species varies from dark brown to cream or yellow, and some have bands or markings (Cox et al., 2010). The body is short while the snout is distinctly projected and raised. Both body and head are reddish-brown. The belly is mottled brown and darker than the dorsal surface. In general, the males are smaller than the females and this character is known as sexual dimorphism.

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Arboreal   —   Spend the majority of their lives in trees.
 
Ovoviviparous   —   Reproduction through production of live young that hatch from eggs within female oviducts.
 
Venomous   —   Capable of injecting venom by means of a bite or sting.

Assessment

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Chen Pelf Nyok (Dr.)
Turtle Conservation Society of Malaysia (TCS)
  • Turtles (Ecology)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Education
  • Environment
  • PM
Kaviarasu Munian (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • PM
Lim Boo Liat (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Rodents (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Invasive Alien Species
Mohd Abdul Muin Bin Md Akil (Mr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Amphibians
  • Birds
  • Reptiles
  • Snakes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
Teo Eng Wah (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Reptiles
  • Amphibians
  • Invasive Alien Species
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Lim, B.L. (1963). Comments on Some Rare Snakes. Reprint from Federation Museums Journal 8: pp. 60-64
Book
  1. Guidelines for the Management of Snakebites, 2nd edition, 2016. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi, India. pp. 206.
  2. Das, I. (2012). A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-east Asia : Including Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. John Beaufoy Publishing, Oxford, England. pp. 70-71; 160 pg.
  3. Rusli, N., Marlon, R., Lilley, R., Ekariyono, W. & Laister, A. (2016). Mengenal Ular Jabodetabek - Snakes of Jakarta and Its Surroundings. Ciliwung Reptile Center, Jakarta, Indonesia. pp. 168.
  4. Marlon, R., Supriatna, J., Liswanto, D., Baskoro, K., Putra, S. & Patty, H.R. (2014). Panduan Visual dan Identifikasi Lapangan: 107+ Ular Indonesia. Indonesia Nature & Wildlife Publishing, Indonesia. pp. 251.
  5. Cox, M.J., Van Dijk, P.P., Nabhitabhata, J. & Kumthorn, T. (2010). A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore & Thailand. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd.. pp. 144.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Ms. Umairah Binti Ishak & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Trimeresurus puniceus. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/49529. Downloaded on 20 August 2019.

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