Native Animals

Neurothemis fluctuans

Coppertone Velvetwing
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2010
QR Code
SSN 50236
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Taxonomy

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Adult (Male)
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Adult
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Adult

Description

Neurothemis fluctuans, more commonly known as coppertone velvetwing or red grasshawk dragonfly, is one of the most common dragonfly species in Peninsular Malaysia. It is a comparatively small species. This species can easily be spotted near ponds, drains and stagnant water due to its colour. The male has a brownish-red thorax and abdomen. The wings are almost fully brownish-red except for the tips and a thin tapering clear band around the hind margin from about its midpoint. The extent of the coloured part of the wings is somewhat variable. The female is yellowish brown with dark streaks along the abdomen and has clear wings with wings hyaline with slight yellow tint at base. In males, the hindwing is between 22 to 25 mm in length and the total body length ranges from 30 to 34 mm. This dragonfly is not shy and can easily be approached as close as 30 cm but mating pairs are very sensitive to disturbance with a slight movement by an observer can cause the pair to fly away. This species is widespread in tropical Asian countries extending from eastern India to Vietnam and southwards to Java. Presently, the IUCN Red List accessed it as Least Concern.

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Artificial - Aquatic → Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches
Suitable Unknown
2
Artificial - Aquatic → Irrigated Land [includes irrigation channels]
Suitable Unknown
3
Artificial - Aquatic → Ponds [below 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
4
Wetlands → Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands [generally over 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
5
Wetlands → Permanent Freshwater Lakes [over 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
6
Wetlands → Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools [under 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Location

by State Location
  • Johor 2
  • Kedah 1
  • Pahang 2
  • Perak 3
  • Selangor 3
  • Terengganu 3
  • WP Kuala Lumpur 1
  • WP Putrajaya 1
by Protected Areas Location
  • National/State Park 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Aishah Hani Azil (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Mosquitoes
  • Biodiversity
  • Medical
  • Science
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Azidah Abdul Aziz (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Fatimah Abang (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Insects
  • Moths and Butterflies
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • SBH
  • SWK
Heo Chong Chin (Dr.)
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Medical
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Liew Thor Seng (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nivaarani Arumugam (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
Raja Muhammad Zuha (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Education
  • Taxonomy
  • Science
  • Law and Policy
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Suhaila Abd Hamid (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Insects
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Insects (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Water
  • PM
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Abdul Aziz, M.A.A. & Mohamed, M. (2018). Diversity and Species Composition of Odonates (Insecta: Odonata) of Hutan Lipur Soga Perdana, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia: A Green Lung. Journal of Science and Technology 10 (2): pp. 1-9
  2. Choong, C.Y. & Cheah, D.S.L. (2013). Odonata of Ayer Hitam Forest Reserve, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia. Faunistic Studies in South-East Asian and Pacific Island Odonata: Journal of the International Dragonfly Fund 2: pp. 1-11
  3. Choong, C.Y., Dow, R.A. & Ng, Y.F. (2017). New records of Odonata from Kelantan, Malaysia, with a checklist of species recorded from the state. Journal of the International Dragonfly Fund (22): pp. 1-22
  4. Choong, C.Y., Izzat-Husna, M. & Ahmad, A. (2016). Odonata (Insecta) Fauna of Tasek Bera Ramsar Site, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 31: pp. 39-48
  5. Choong, C.Y., Alwen, B.M., Izzat-Husna, M. & Ahmad, A. (2017). Odonata Fauna of Tioman Island, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 32: pp. 31-40
  6. Dow, R.A. & Reels, G.T. (2009). Expedition to Mount Dulit, Sarawak, August-September 2008 - Odonata -. International Dragonfly Fund - Report 19: pp. 1-16
  7. Dow, R.A., Choong, C.Y. & Ng, Y.F. (2017). New records of Odonata from Kedah, Malaysia in September 2016, with a checklist of species recorded from the state. Faunistic Studies in South-East Asian and Pacific Island Odonata: Journal of the International Dragonfly Fund (23): pp. 1-18
  8. Dow, R.A. (2012). Odonata collected at Gunung Pueh, Kuching Division, Sarawak, Malaysia in October 2012. International Dragonfly Fund - Report 54: pp. 1-25
  9. Dow, R.A. (2016). Odonata collected at the Samunsam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kuching Division, Sarawak, Malaysia in August 2015. Faunistic Studies in South-East Asian and Pacific Island Odonata: Journal of the International Dragonfly Fund (14): pp. 1-12
  10. Dow, R.A., Ng, Y.F. & Choong, C.Y. (2012). Odonata of Sungai Bebar, Pahang, Malaysia, with four species recorded for the first time from mainland Asia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4 (3): pp. 2417-2426
  11. Dow, R.A., Choong, C.Y. & Ng, Y.F. (2016). Records of Odonata from Perlis, Malaysia in August 2015, with a checklist of species recorded from the state . Faunistic Studies in South-East Asian and Pacific Island Odonata: Journal of the International Dragonfly Fund (16): pp. 1-22
  12. Dow, R.A. & Reels, G.T. (2010). The Odonata of three National Parks in Sarawak. Agrion , Vol. 14 (1): pp. 14-19
  13. Izzat-Husna, M. & Ahmad, A. (2014). Odonata (Class Insecta) Of Sungkai Wildlife Reserve, Perak, Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 29: pp. 23-30
  14. Kemp, R.G. & Kemp, G.S. (1989). Some Dragonfly Records from the States of Pahang and Perak, West Malaysia. Notulae Odonatologicae 3 (3): pp. 37-40
  15. Norma-Rashid, Y. & Mohd-Sofian, A. (2015). Common dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) at Hulu Selai, Endau-Rompin, Johor, Malaysia. Snakebite and Envenomation Management in Malaysia: pp. 159-168
  16. Norma-Rashid, Y. (2010). Dragonflies (Odonata) of Bachok Coast, Kelantan and Promoting Common Names. Malaysian Journal of Science 29: pp. 73-79
  17. Norma-Rashid, Y. (2009). Odonata Diversity With One New Record for Malaysia in the Kenaboi Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Science 28 (4): pp. 65-72
  18. Wahizatul Afzan, A., Julia, J. & Ahmad, A. (2006). Diversity and Distribution of Dragonflies (Insecta: Odonata) in Sekayu Recreational Forest, Terengganu. Journal of Sustainability Science & Management 1 (2): pp. 97-106
  19. Norma-Rashid, Y., Zakaria-Ismail, M. & Hämäläinen, M. (1996). Notes on Odonata collected in Kelantan (Peninsular Malaysia) in April 1995. Opuscula Zoologica Fluminensia 146: pp. 1-11
Book
  1. Choong, C.Y., Yasser, M.A. & Nurfarhana-Hizan, H. (2018). Ancient Creatures: Dragonflies and Damselflies of Malaysia. Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 115. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) | eBook (EPUB) ]
  2. Jamilah, M.S. & Faridah, M. (2011). A Biological Assessment of Jambu Bongkok Forest Reserve, Terengganu and Nearby Ecosystem. Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia. pp. 1-84.
  3. Latiff, A. (2010). Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve: Green Lung of Kuala Lumpur. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 100.
  4. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  5. Orr, A.G. (2005). A Pocket Guide: Dragonflies of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Natural History Publication (Borneo) Sdn. Bhd., Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. pp. 127.
  6. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Mohamed Zin, Y., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2013). Banjaran Bintang Gunung Inas, Kedah: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 245.
  7. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Ahmad Fadzil, A.M., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Gunung Besar Hantu, Negeri Sembilan: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 254.
  8. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  9. Nik Ahmad Irwan Izzauddin, N. H., Suhaila, A.H. & Zarul, H.H. (2019). Royal Belum-Temengor Rainforest : The Hidden Treasure of Perak. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia and Kementerian Air, Tanah dan Sumber Asli. pp. 300.
Chapter in book
  1. Inventori Hidupan Liar di Putrajaya. In Pelan Pengurusan Hidupan Liar Putrajaya. PERHILITAN & Perbadanan Putrajaya. pp. 1-52.
  2. Ahmad, A., Wahizatul Afzan, A., Johari, M.N., Nurul Nadia, R. & Siti Aminah, M.S. (2011). Dragonfly of Jambu Bongkok Forest Reserve, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. In Jamilah, M.S. & Faridah, M. (eds.) A Biological Assessment of Jambu Bongkok Forest Reserve, Terengganu and Nearby Ecosystem. Penerbit UMT, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. pp. 45-60.
Journal
  1. Dow, R.A. & Unggang, J.. The Odonata of Binyo Penyilam, a Unique Tropical Wetland Area in Bintulu Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (13), 2010, pp. 1349-1358
Report
  1. Wilson, K.D.P. & Gibert, E. (2006). Survey of Odonata at Endau-Rompin, Peninsular Malaysia. Johor National Parks Corporation, Malaysia.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Afham Ezani, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Choong Chee Yen, Mrs. Hakimah Binti Jaafar, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Mohd Fakrullah Salafusalam Bin Mohd Afandi, Mr. Muhammad Azmi Mohammed, Mr. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Hazan, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Ms. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Mrs. Siti Jumiah Binti Abdul Razak, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Neurothemis fluctuans. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/50236. Downloaded on 20 November 2019.

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