Native Animals

Nannophya pygmaea

Scarlet Dwarf
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2020
QR Code
SSN 53966
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Taxonomy

Description

Nannophya pygmaea (Scarlet Dwarf) is a species of tiny dragonfly in the family Libellulidae. Its hindwing may measure up to 12.5 mm while its body length is only 17 mm, making it the smallest dragonfly species in Peninsular Malaysia, and one of the smallest in the world (Choong et al., 2017).

Mature male has quite attractive color than female which is almost entirely red with yellow tinted bases of the hindwings and forewings while females and immatures species are yellowish brown with light bands on its abdomen (Choong et al., 2017). Its larva is squat and tiny. Scarlet Dwarf is commonly found in grassy borders of lakes, drains and marshes in open country or at forest margins at the altitude up to 1,250 m above sea level and often locally abundant. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical Asia and Australasia (Orr, 2005; Choong et al., 2017).

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Wetlands → Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands [generally over 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2020 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 1
  • Pahang 2
  • Selangor 1
  • Terengganu 1
by Protected Areas Location
  • National/State Park 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center   Total
5
1

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Aishah Hani Azil (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Mosquitoes
  • Biodiversity
  • Medical
  • Science
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Azidah Abdul Aziz (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
Fatimah Abang (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
  • Insects
  • Butterflies and Moths
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine & Coastal
  • SBH
  • SWK
Heo Chong Chin (Dr.)
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Medical
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Khaironizam Md Zain (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Fishes
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • PM
Liew Thor Seng (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Insects
  • Molluscs
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nivaarani Arumugam (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
Noor Azrizal Bin Abdul Wahid (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Insects
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • Evolution
  • Parasitology
  • Entomology
  • PM
Noorhidayah Mamat (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Biodiversity
  • Entomology
  • Taxonomy
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Raja Muhammad Zuha (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Education
  • Taxonomy
  • Science
  • Law and Policy
  • PM
Rosli Hashim (Prof. Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Birds (Ecology)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Spiders
  • Insects
  • Biodiversity
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
  • W
Suhaila Abd Hamid (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Insects
  • Insects (Taxonomy)
  • Insects (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Water
  • PM
Sze Huei Yek (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Ants
  • Insects
  • Mosquitoes
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecology
  • Entomology
  • Evolution
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Tan Li Peng (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Arachnids
  • Insects
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • PM
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Choong, C.Y., Izzat-Husna, M. & Ahmad, A. (2016). Odonata (Insecta) Fauna of Tasek Bera Ramsar Site, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 31: pp. 39-48
  2. Choong, C.Y. & Cheah, D.S.L. (2013). Odonata of Ayer Hitam Forest Reserve, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia. Faunistic Studies in South-East Asian and Pacific Island Odonata: Journal of the International Dragonfly Fund 2: pp. 1-11
  3. Dow, R.A. & Reels, G.T. (2009). Expedition to Mount Dulit, Sarawak, August-September 2008 - Odonata -. International Dragonfly Fund - Report 19: pp. 1-16
  4. Dow, R.A. (2012). Odonata collected at Gunung Pueh, Kuching Division, Sarawak, Malaysia in October 2012. International Dragonfly Fund - Report 54: pp. 1-25
  5. Dow, R.A. & Reels, G.T. (2011). Odonata from a remnant patch of disturbed peatswamp forest on the outskirts of Kuching, west Sarawak. Agrion, 15(2): 50-51.
  6. Dow, R.A., Ng, Y.F. & Choong, C.Y. (2012). Odonata of Sungai Bebar, Pahang, Malaysia, with four species recorded for the first time from mainland Asia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4 (3): pp. 2417-2426
  7. Dow, R.A. & Reels, G.T. (2010). The Odonata of three National Parks in Sarawak. Agrion , Vol. 14 (1): pp. 14-19
  8. Kemp, R.G. & Kemp, G.S. (1989). Some Dragonfly Records from the States of Pahang and Perak, West Malaysia. Notulae Odonatologicae 3 (3): pp. 37-40
  9. Nakamuta, K., Tsubaki, Y., Yasuda, M. & Hibino, Y. (1983). Male reproductive behaviour of the tiny dragonfly, Nannophya pygmaea Rambur. Kontyu 51 (4): pp. 605-613
  10. Norma-Rashid, Y. & Mohd-Sofian, A. (2015). Common dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) at Hulu Selai, Endau-Rompin, Johor, Malaysia. Snakebite and Envenomation Management in Malaysia: pp. 159-168
Book
  1. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  2. Choong, C.Y., Yasser, M.A. & Nurfarhana-Hizan, H. (2018). Ancient Creatures: Dragonflies and Damselflies of Malaysia. Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 115. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ] — [ | eBook (EPUB) ]
  3. Orr, A.G. (2005). A Pocket Guide: Dragonflies of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Natural History Publication (Borneo) Sdn. Bhd., Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. pp. 127.
  4. Tang, H.B., Wang, L.K. & Hämäläinen, M. (2010). A Photographic Guide to the Dragonflies of Singapore. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. pp. 223.
Journal
  1. Dow, R.A. & Unggang, J. The Odonata of Binyo Penyilam, a Unique Tropical Wetland Area in Bintulu Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (13), 2010, pp. 1349-1358
Report
  1. Wilson, K.D.P. & Gibert, E. (2006). Survey of Odonata at Endau-Rompin, Peninsular Malaysia. Johor National Parks Corporation, Malaysia.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Afham Ezani, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Choong Chee Yen, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Hazan, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Mrs. Siti Jumiah Binti Abdul Razak, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Ms. Siti Zuliana Ahmad, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Choong Chee Yen

Species Citation :- Nannophya pygmaea. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/53966. [Retrieved 11 August 2022].

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