Native Plants

Agathis borneensis

Damar Minyak
EN
Endangered
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2013
NT
Near Threatened
Malaysia Plant Red List
Peninsular Malaysia 2021
NT
Near Threatened
Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List *
2010
* Assessed according to the IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria Version 3.1
QR Code
SSN 00591
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    borneensis Warb.
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Trunk
Bark
Leaf
Trunk
Branch
Trunk
Leaf
Leaf
Habit
Habit
Bark
Bark

Description

Agathis borneensis or more commonly known as damar minyak in Malay, is a big, lightweight softwood tree which belongs to the family Araucariaceae. It can grow up to 42 m tall with about 95 cm in diameter. The inner bark is light red to reddish-brown. The leaves are opposite and measured around 7.2-11.3 cm long x 2.5-4 cm wide. The mature pollen cones are more than 1.7 cm wide, while the microsporophyll is spoon-shaped. The seed cones are dark reddish-brown to black and ovoid to ellipsoid in shape while the seeds are oblique and obovate in shape which measured around 15 x 12 mm.

The genus derived from a Greek word, agathis means a clew, corner of a sail, and this may refer to the leaf shape; meanwhile the species epithet means from Borneo.

It is distributed in Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia and throughout Borneo. It occurs in lowland to lower montane forest and in sandy heath forest. The conservation status of this tree is near threatened in Peninsular Malaysia but it is listed as an endangered species in the IUCN Red List. This is due to the deforestation and targeted logging in recent decades, and this tree is often found in production areas of forest reserves (Lim, 2010; IUCN, 2013).

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Forest → Lowland Dipterocarp Forest (Malayan, Burmese)
Unknown Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2021 Malaysia Plant Red List
Near Threatened (NT)
Peninsular Malaysia
N/A
2013 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Endangered (EN)
3.1
2010 Peninsular Malaysia Plant Red List
Near Threatened (NT)
N/A

Structure

Leaf
2D Shape
 
Ovate

References

Article
  1. Ang, L.H. (2017). Successful Greening Models of Some Disturbed Sites in Peninsular Malaysia. Seminar on Reclamation, Rehabilitation and Restoration of Disturbed Sites: Planting of National and IUCN Red List Species, 15-17 August 2017, Kuala Lumpur (14): pp. 6-14
  2. Ang, L.H., Ho, W.M., Tang, L.K., Kang, H.S. & Lee, D.K. (2017). Survival and Vegetative Growth of Some Selected Rainforest Tree Species inter-planted under Hopea odorata Stand at Slime Tailings in Peninsular Malaysia. Seminar on Reclamation, Rehabilitation and Restoration of Disturbed Sites: Planting of National and IUCN Red List Species, 15-17 August 2017, Kuala Lumpur (14): pp. 107-113
  3. Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Kiew, R., Kamin, I. & Chung, R.C.K. (2017). Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One Ecosystem. 2: pp. 41 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  4. Ho, W.M., Tang, L.K., Ang, L.H., Kang, H.S. & Lee, D.K. (2014). Enrichment Planting in a Greened Slime Tailings in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 29: pp. 73-76
  5. Rachdiati, H. & Zakariya, N. A. B. (2018). Ethnobotanical Survey Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Screening on Temiar Community at Kg. Husin, Jalong Tinggi, Sungai Siput (U), Perak West Malaysia. Der Pharma Chemica 10 (1): pp. 26-29
  6. Ho, W.M., Ang, L.H., Tang, L.K. & Siti Zaharah, M.I. (2017). Can ex-tin mine be a depository for indigenous and red list species?. Seminar on Reclamation, Rehabilitation and Restoration of Disturbed Sites: Planting of National and IUCN Red List Species, 15-17 August 2017, Kuala Lumpur (14): pp. 119-123
  7. Ang, L.H., Ho, W.M. & Tang, L.K. (2014). A Depository of Lowland Forest Tree Species Established on a Brown-Filled Site in Ara Damansara, Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 29: pp. 55-60
Book
  1. Biodiversity expedition Sungai Bebar, Pekan, Pahang summary findings, 2005. Peat Swamp Forest Project, UNDP/GEF Funded. pp. 169.
  2. Malaysian Threatened and Rare Tree: Identification and Landscape Guideline, 2017. Sime Darby Property Berhad, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. pp. 98. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. The Network of Protected Forests in Telupid, Sabah: Biodiversity & Conservation in the Heart of Borneo, 2014. Sabah Forestry Department, Sabah, Malaysia. pp. 155.
  4. Adler, P.H. (2002). A Guide to Taman Botani Putrajaya: Tropical Roots. Perbadanan Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 13.
  5. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Ahmad Fadzil, A.M., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Gunung Besar Hantu, Negeri Sembilan: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 254.
  6. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  7. Go, R., Abdullah, J.O., Farah Alia, N. & Isa, S.F.M. (2015). Orchids in the Montane Forests of Peninsular Malaysia. Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, Malaysia. pp. 216.
  8. Latiff, A., Maimon, A., Norhayati, A. & Jumaat, H.A. (2009). Bukit Fraser: Crown of the Titiwangsa Range. Penerbitan Pusat Penyelidikan Bukit Fraser, UKM, Bangi, Malaysia.
  9. Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. & MacKinven, A. (1998). The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK. pp. 1-628.
  10. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  11. Wong, K.M. & Mustapha, M. (1997). The Rimba Ilmu - The University of Malaya's Garden of a Thousand Species - an introduction to Malaysia's first university botanic garden. pp. 31.
  12. Yong, W.S.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Lau, K.H., Siti-Nur Fatinah, K., Cheah, Y.H., Yao, T.L., Rafidah, A.R., Lim, C.L., Syahida-Emiza, S., Ummul Nazrah, A.R., Nor-Ezzawanis, A.T., Chew, M.Y., Siti Munirah, M.Y., Julius, A., Phoon, S.N., Sam, Y.Y., Nadiah, I., Ong, P.T., Sarah Nabila, R., Suhaida, M., Muhammad-Alif Azyraf, A., Siti Eryani, S., Yap, J.W., Jutta, M., Azeman, S., Salleh, N., Kiew, R. & Chung, R.C.K. (2021). Malaysia Red List: Plants of Peninsular Malaysia, Volume 1, Issue/No. 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 753.
  13. Ong, H.C. (2004). Tumbuhan Liar: Khasiat & Kegunaan Lain. Utusan Publications & Distribution Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia. pp. 241.
  14. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  15. Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Saw, L.G., Soepadmo, E. & Boyce, P.C. (2010). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series II: Seed Plants, Volume 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 329.
  16. Hazebroek, H.P., Adlin, T.Z. & Sinun, W. (2011). Danum Valley: The Rain Forest. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 615.
  17. Soepadmo, E. & Wong, K.M. (1995). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak, Volume 1. Sabah Forestry Department, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Sarawak Forestry Department, Malaysia. pp. 513.
  18. Shaharuddin, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., Jalil, M.S., Yusoff, M. & Latiff, A. (2006). Hutan Simpan Gunung Jerai, Kedah: pengurusan, persekitaran fizikal dan kepelbagaian biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 474.
Magazine/Bulletin
  1. Characteristics and Utilisation of Oil Palm Stem. Timber Technology Bulletin: Compilation of Timber Technology Bulletins 1995-2015 (57), 2016. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia.
  2. Conservation Malaysia (15), 2012. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Equivalent Timbers Of Southeast Asia. Timber Technology Bulletin (25), 2002. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia.

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mrs. Faridah Anas, Dr. Farizawati Sabri, Mrs. Hakimah Binti Jaafar, Ms. Heng Pooi San, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Mohamad Amini Bin Nordin, Mr. Mohamad Nazrin Bin Ahmad Azmi, Mr. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Hazan, Mr. Nabil Arif Bin Abdul Naim, Ms. Noorkhalilie Binti Che Abd Aziz, Ms. Nur Farahin Binti Mustafa, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Nur Najihah Musa, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Agathis borneensis. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/591. Downloaded on 18 October 2021.

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