Native Plants

Rhizophora apiculata

Bakau Minyak
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2010
NE
Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
QR Code
SSN 07154
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Taxonomy

The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Description

So far we know little about the species, apart from its appearance.

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Intertidal → Mangrove Submerged Roots
Suitable Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2010 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 5
  • Kedah 2
  • Negeri Sembilan 1
  • Pahang 1
  • Penang 2
  • Perak 1
  • Sabah 2
  • Terengganu 2
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Digital Specimen

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chan Yoke Mui (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Conservation
  • Biodiversity
  • Forest
  • Genetics
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Chey, V.K. (2004). Fireflies of Sungai Klias and their display trees. Sepilok Bulletin. 1: pp. 65-66
  2. Goessens, A., Satyanarayana, B., Van der Stocken, T., Zuniga, M.Q., Husain, M.L., Sulong, I. & Dahdouh-Guebas, F. (2014). Is Matang Mangrove Forest in Malaysia Sustainably Rejuvenating after More than a Century of Conservation and Harvesting Management? PLoS ONE. 9 (8): pp. e105069
  3. Hamdan, O., Khairunnisa, M.R., Ammar, A.A., Mohd Hasmadi, I. & Khali Aziz, H. (2013). Mangrove Carbon Stock Assessment by Optical Satellite Imagery. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 25 (4): pp. 554-565
  4. Josue, J. & Zamrie, I. (2006). The abrasive resistance of mangrove timber. Sepilok Bulletin. 4: pp. 31-39
  5. Jusoh, W.F.A.W., Hashim, N.R. & Ibrahim, Z.Z. (2010). Distribution and Abundance of Pteroptyx Fireflies in Rembau-Linggi Estuary, Peninsular Malaysia. Environment Asia. 3 (Special issue): pp. 56-60
  6. Kadir, S.L.A., Yaakob, H. & Zulkifli, R.M. (2013). Potential anti-dengue medicinal plants: a review. Journal of Natural Medicines 67 (4): pp. 677-689
  7. Latiff, A., Faridah-Hanum, I., Zainudin Ibrahim, A., Goh, M.W.K., Loo, A.H.B. & Tan, H.T.W. (1999). On the Vegetation and Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 11-72
  8. Latiff, A. & Norhayati, A. (2010). Pemuliharaan dan Kepelbagaian Biologi untuk Pembangunan Ekopelancongan di Langkawi Geopark. Akademika 80 (1): pp. 31-38
  9. Mojiol, A.R. & Lo, M.W. (2009). Comparison of plant species diversity and composition between two sites in Likas Bay, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Sepilok Bulletin. 11: pp. 1-13
  10. Polgar, G. & Bartolino, V. (2010). Size Variation of Six Species of Oxudercine Gobies Along The Intertidal Zone In A Malayan Coastal Swamp. 409: pp. 199–212
  11. Tangah, J., Roslan, M.J., Miskon, S. & Shafie, A. (2010). Some notes on mangrove restoration in Sabah. Sepilok Bulletin. 12: pp. 63-66
  12. Tangah, J., Nilus, R., Sugau, J.B., Titin, J., Paul, V., Yahya, F., Suis, M.A.F. & Chung, A.Y.C. (2018). The establishment of Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) plots in the Sepilok mangroves. Sepilok Bulletin. 27: pp. 1-22
  13. Wee, A.K.S., Takayama, K., Kajita, T. & Webb, E.L. (2013). Microsatellite Loci for Avicennia alba (Acanthaceae), Sonneratia alba (Lythraceae) and Rhizophora mucronata (Rhizophoraceae). Journal of Tropical Forest Science 25 (1): pp. 131-136
Book
  1. A Guide to Mangroves of Johor RAMSAR Sites, Issue/No. , 2016. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM).
  2. Biodiversity in Plantation Landscapes, Issue/No. , 2012. Wild Asia and the Malaysian Palm Oil Council, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 130. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. Guidebook to the Biodiversity of Linting wetlands, Issue/No. , 2015. Wetlands International, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  4. Heritage of Kubang Badak: Guide to Discover Kubang Badak Biogeotrail, Issue/No. , 2018. Pusat Penyelidikan Langkawi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia & Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi, Malaysia. pp. 62.
  5. Laporan kajian penilaian outcome program penanaman pokok bakau dan spesies-spesies yang sesuai di pesisiran pantai negara, Issue/No. , 2014. Kementerian Sumber Asli Dan Alam Sekitar, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 218. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  6. Mangrove Guidebook for Malaysia, Issue/No. , 2015. Wetlands International, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  7. Penanaman Dan Pemuliharaan Hutan Bakau Dan Pesisiran Pantai : Panduan Untuk Komuniti, Issue/No. , 2009. Wetlands International-Malaysia, Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 70.
  8. Abd. Latif, M., Mohti, A., Musa, S. & Parlan, I. (2020). Malaysia's Tropical Rainforests - Splendour To Behold, Issue/No. . Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 212.
  9. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi, Issue/No. . Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  10. Abu Bakar, Mohamed Salleh (2011). Aura Alam: Tumbuhan Hutan Paya Laut Tapak Ramsar Negeri Johor, Issue/No. . Perbadanan Taman Negara Johor, Malaysia. pp. 158.
  11. Asyraf, M., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Shahrul Anuar, M.S. & Rahmad, Z. (2015). Pictorial Guide To The Plant and Bird Life of Byram Mangrove Forest, Penang, Issue/No. . Penerbit USM, Malaysia. pp. 190.
  12. Che Abd Rahim, Mohamed, Fathul Karim, S., Azima, A.M., Zaidi, C.C., Mustaffa, O. & Lee, J.N. (2010). Penyelidikan Pantai Timur Johor : Mersing Warisan Terpelihara, Issue/No. . Pusat Penyelidikan Ekosistem Marin (EKOMAR), Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. pp. 256.
  13. Faridah, M., Ibrahim, Y.S., Nursalwa, B., Abd Rahman Azmi, A.A. & Borkhanuddin, M.H. (2017). Invertebrates of Setiu Wetlands, Issue/No. . Penerbit UMT, Malaysia. pp. 1-209.
  14. Hamdan, O., Tariq Mubarak, H. & Parlan, I. (2020). Status of Mangroves in Malaysia, Issue/No. . Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 288.
  15. Hazebroek, H.P., Adlin, T.Z. & Sinun, W. (2011). Danum Valley: The Rain Forest, Issue/No. . Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 615.
  16. Hutton, W. & Matunjau, C. (2010). Discovering The Wonders of The Klias Peninsula, Issue/No. . Sabah Forestry Department, Malaysia. pp. 44.
  17. Hutton, W. (2013). Sepilok Forest: Preserving Sabah's Natural Heritage, Issue/No. . Sabah Forestry Department. pp. 113.
  18. Maimon, A. (2008). Biodiversity of Sungai Pulai: Ramsar Site, Johor, Issue/No. . Earth Observation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 97.
  19. Mohammad Khairi, A (2007). Taman Negara Pulau Pinang: Sinar Mutiara Belantara, Issue/No. . Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  20. Mohd Afendi, H., Marzalina, M., Tariq Mubarak, H. & Wan Tarmeze, W. A. (2013). Tumbuhan Pesisir Pantai: Fenologi dan Penyediaan Bahan Tanaman, Issue/No. . Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM). pp. 120.
  21. Musa, S., Fletcher, C., Mohti, A., Parlan, I. & Harun, I. (2015). Grandeur Of The Tropical Rainforest In Peninsular Malaysia, Issue/No. . Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) & Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Malaysia (NRE), Malaysia. pp. 204.
  22. Norhayati, A., Damanhuri, A., Razali, M.S., Latiff, A. & Wan Juliana, W.A (2010). Mangrove Flora of Langkawi, Issue/No. . Pusat Penyelidikan Langkawi, Institut Alam Sekitar dan Pembangunan (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi (LADA), Malaysia. pp. 150.
  23. Norhayati, A. & Maimon, A. (2012). Sungai Santi Forest Reserve: Mangrove Splendour of South-East Johor, Issue/No. . Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  24. Phang, S.M., Affendi, Y.A., Ooi, J.L.S. & Haji, A.J.M. (2008). Natural History of The Pulau Tioman Group of Islands, Issue/No. . Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), University of Malaya, Malaysia. pp. 292.
  25. Sasekumar, A. & Chong, V.C. (2012). Mangrove and Coastal Environment of Selangor, Malaysia, Issue/No. . Universiti Malaya, Malaysia. pp. 290.
  26. Shaharuddin, M.I., Azahar, M., Razani, U., Kamaruzaman, A.B., Lim, K.L., Suhaili, R., Jalil, M.S. & Latiff, A. (2005). Sustainable Management of Matang Mangroves: 100 Years and Beyond, Issue/No. . Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 531.
  27. Soepadmo, E. & Wong, K.M. (1995). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak, Volume 1, Issue/No. . Sabah Forestry Department, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Sarawak Forestry Department, Malaysia. pp. 513.
  28. Tangah, J. & Chung, A.Y.C. (2021). Monyet Bangkatan Di Hutan Bakau Sabah, Issue/No. . Sabah Forestry Department. pp. 61.
  29. Wan Juliana, W.A, Norhayati, A. & Abdul Latiff, M. (2018). Flora Bakau Malaysia : Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS), Issue/No. . Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 101.
  30. Wan Juliana, W.A, Norhayati, A. & Abdul Latiff, M. (2018). Mangrove Flora of Malaysia: Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS), Issue/No. . Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. pp. 100. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
Chapter in book
  1. Stem and Branch Characteristics. In Van Balgooy, M.M.J., Low, Y.W. & Wong, K.M. (Eds.), Spot-Characters for the Identification of Malesian Seed Plants. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Bhd. pp. 34-45.
  2. Khaironizam, M.Z. & Norma-Rashid, Y. (2005). Distribution of Mudskippers (Gobiidae: Oxudercinae) on the Selangor Coast. In Sasekumar, A. & Chong, V.C. (Eds.), Ecology of Klang Strait. Faculty of Science, University of Malaya,. pp. 105-116.
  3. Nursalwa, B., Martin, M.B., Nagappan, T. & Borkhanuddin, M.H. (December 2017). Checklist of mangrove snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in Setiu Wetlands. In Abdullah, D.M., Nasir, M.Z., Mazlan, N.M. & Jusoh, W.F.A.W. (Eds.), Prosiding Seminar Ekspedisi Saintifik Tanah Bencah Setiu 2016. WWF-Malaysia. pp. 41-52.
  4. Wan Juliana, W.A, Razali, M.S. & Latiff, A. (November 2014). Distribution and rarity of Rhizophoraceae in Peninsular Malaysia. In Faridah-Hanum, I., Latiff, A., Hakeem, K.R. & Ozturk, M. (Eds.), Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 23-36.
Magazine/Bulletin
  1. Malaysian Naturalist, Vol. 72 (2), 2/2019. Malaysian Nature Society (MNS)
  2. Durability of Timbers for Indoor Applications in Malaysia. Timber Technology Bulletin: Compilation of Timber Technology Bulletins 1995-2015 (57), 2016. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Malaysia.
  3. Conservation Malaysia (32), 2020. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
Newsletter
  1. Sabah Wetlands Conservation Society Newsletter. (2018, 5). Retrived July 10, 2018, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/2517 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Ida Suraini, A.S. & Nik Zanariah, N.M. (2008, March). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 18, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/144
  3. Ida Suraini, A.S. (2010, June). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived May 06, 2016, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/135
  4. Ida Suraini, A.S. (2011, June). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 13, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/119
  5. Ida Suraini, A.S. (2018, June). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived July 05, 2018, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/2508 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  6. Veronica, P. (2004, September). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 24, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/155
  7. Veronica, P. (2005, September). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 19, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/151
Report
  1. Report On Habitat And Ecological Research After Wavebreaker Project At Tanjung Piai Johor National Park. Perbadanan Taman Negara (Johor), Malaysia.
  2. Sixth National Report of Malaysia to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Ministry of Energy and Natural Resource, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
Unpublish
  1. Checklist of Biodiversity of Setiu (2019)

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ainul Aqilah Binti Mohd Nasir, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mrs. Hazlina Ali, Mr. Mohamad Ikhmal Husin, Mr. Mohamad Shafiq Hafizee Bin Mohd Azali, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nur Razan Faiqah Binti Zahili, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Amalia Aisyah Binti Abdul Halim, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Ms. Umairah Binti Ishak & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Norhayati Binti Ahmad & Yasser Arifin

Species Citation :- Rhizophora apiculata. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/7154. [Retrieved 26 June 2022].

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