Native Plants

Orthosiphon aristatus

Misai Kucing
NE
Not Evaluated
Malaysia Plant Red List
2010
QR Code
SSN 07911
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Division
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Specific Epithet
    aristatus (Blume) Miq.
  • Synonym
  • Vernacular Name
  • Residential
    Native
The taxonomic status is pending for approval

Description

Orthosiphon aristatus is a herb or undershrub that can be reach 1–2 m tall and spread to a meter wide. It is erect and highly branched with a tendency to touch the ground and root easily. The leaves are simple, opposite, glabrous to puberulent on both surfaces and lanceolate-shaped with coarsely serrated margins. The inflorescences are thyrsoid and the cymes are sessile. The flowers are bisexual. The fruit has a mericarp of 4 dry nutlets. Three cultivars of O. aristatus are distinguished: one with bluish-violet and two with white flowers. The white-flowered cultivar with reddish stems, petioles and leaf veins appears to possess the best diuretic qualities.

In Malaysia, the plant called “misai kucing” or “kumis kucing” in Malay, cat’s whiskers or java tea. The species is planted as an attractive ornamental garden plant. It is also popularly used as a traditional and medication herb, especially in Malaysia and Indonesia to treat diabetes, kidney or renal stones and urinary disorders, high blood pressure, rheumatism, arteriosclerosis, nephritis and gout. It is also reportedly effective for anti-fungal and anti-bacterial purposes. Dried leaves can be brewed as a herbal tea or a tasty drink with honey or milk.

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2010 Malaysia Plant Red List
Not Evaluated (NE)
N/A

Location

by State Location
  • Penang 1
  • Selangor 1
  • Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center   Total
5

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Ahmad Aldrie Amir (Dr.)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • History
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Anisah Lee Abdullah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Coral Reefs
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Geoinformatics
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Water
  • PM
  • SBH
Asyraf Mansor (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Evolution
  • Forest
  • PM
Chong Ju Lian (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Mammals (Ecology)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Protected Areas
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Climate Change
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Kartini Binti Saibeh (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Vascular
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • SBH
Mohamad Azani Alias (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular
  • Vascular
  • Amphibians
  • Amphibians
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Protected Areas
  • Forest
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Mohd Fahmi Abu Bakar (Ts. Dr.)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
  • Vascular
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Systematics
  • PM
Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli (Dr.)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
  • Vascular
  • Pitcher plants
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Science
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
Nazahatul Anis Amaludin (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • PM
Nor Ezzawanis Abdullah Thani (Mrs.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • PM
Nur Kyariatul Syafinie Abdul Majid (Ms.)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Forest
  • Protected Areas
  • PM
Nur Supardi Md Noor (Dr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Palms
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
  • W
Rusea Go (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Orchids (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • Management
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Tam Sheh May (Dr.)
Taylor's University
  • Orchids
  • Vascular
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • PM
Tan Swee Lian (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Vascular (Ecology)
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
Yong Kien Thai (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Moss
  • Vascular (Taxonomy)
  • Ferns (Taxonomy)
  • Protected Areas
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Taxonomy
  • PM
  • SBH
  • SWK
  • SEA
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Fazleen Izzany, Abu Bakar, Mohd Fadzelly, Abu Bakar, Norazlin, Abdullah, Asmah, Rahmat & Endrini, S. (2018). A Review of Malaysian Medicinal Plants with Potential Anti-Inflammatory Activity. . https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8603602
  2. Fazleen Izzany, Abu Bakar, Mohd Fadzelly, Abu Bakar, Asmah, Rahmat, Norazlin, Abdullah, Sabran, S.F & Endrini, S. (2018). Anti-gout Potential of Malaysian Medicinal Plants. 9 (261). https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2018.00261
  3. Khan, W.R., Rosli, Z., Akram, S., Faridah-Hanum, I., Abu Bakar, F., Khan, I.A. & Magiman, M.M. (2023). Diversity and Utilization of Ethnomedical Plants in Sarawak, Borneo. 86 (1), 125 – 152
  4. Norhayati, I., Getha, K., Muhd Haffiz, J., Mohd Ilham, A., Lili Sahira, H., Siti Syarifah, M.M. & Muhammad Syamil, A. (2013). In Vitro Antitrypanosomal Activity of Malaysian Plants. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 25 (1), 52-59
  5. Ramli, M.R., Malek, S. & Milow, P. (2021). Species composition, diversity and traditional uses of plants in homegardens in Kampung Masjid Ijok, Perak, Malaysia. 22 (4), 1902-1911. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d220437
  6. Ramli, M.R., Milow, P. & Ong, H.C. (2015). Traditional Knowledge of a Practitioner in Medicinal Plants of Masjid Ijok, Village, Perak, Malaysia. Studies on Ethno-Medicine 9 (1), 59-66. https://umexpert.um.edu.my/file/publication/00004395_120950.pdf
  7. Ramli, M.R., Malek, S., Milow, P. & Aziz, N.J. (2021). Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in the Kampung Orang Asli Donglai Baru, Hulu Langat, Malaysia. 22 (3), 1304-1309. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d220329
  8. Salleh, N., Azeman, S., Kiew, R., Kamin, I. & Chung, R.C.K. (2017). Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One Ecosystem. 2 (e13708), 41. http://doi.org/10.3897/oneeco.2.e13708 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
Book
  1. Health and Beauty from the Rainforest : Malaysian Traditions of Ramuan, 2009. Editions Didier Millet. pp. 256.
  2. Adler, P.H. (2002). A Guide to Taman Botani Putrajaya: Tropical Roots. Perbadanan Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 13.
  3. Azahar, M., Mohd. Hamami, S., Ahmad Said, S., Faridah, Q.Z., Nor Aini, A.S., Jalil, M.S. & Faridah-Hanum, I. (2006). Sustainable Management and Utilization of Medicinal Plant Resources: Proceedings of the International Conference on Medicinal Plants, 5-7 December 2005 Kuala Lumpur. Universiti Putra Malaysia dan Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 365.
  4. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  5. Bramley, G.L.C., Atkins, S., Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Cheah, Y.H. & Saw, L.G. (2022). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia Series II: Seed Plants, Volume 9. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 301.
  6. Latiff, A. (2010). Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve: Green Lung of Kuala Lumpur. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 100.
  7. Madihah, M.N., Tan, A.L., Intan Nurulhani, B., Amizan, N., Dionysia, M., Fadzureena, J., Abdul Hayat, M.S., Amelia, B.A. & Nurul Husna, Z. (2019). Meneroka Rahsia Rimba Warisan Orang Asli Semenanjung Malaysia Jilid 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 362.
  8. Ong, H.C. (2006). Tanaman Hiasan: Khasiat Makanan & Ubatan. Utusan Publications & Distribution Sdn. Bhd. , Malaysia. pp. 293.
  9. Saw, L.G., Chua, L.S.L. & Nik, A.R. (2009). Malaysia: National Strategy for Plant Conservation. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 61. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  10. Zawiah, N., Dasrul, I. & Rosdi, K (2022). Bunga-Bungaan Yang Boleh Dimakan. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 2-150.
Newsletter
  1. Ida Suraini, A.S. & Nik Zanariah, N.M. (2007, December). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 19, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/145
  2. Ida Suraini, A.S. & Nik Zanariah, N.M. (2008, March). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 18, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/144
  3. Veronica, P. (2004, December). FRIM in FOCUS. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). Retrived November 24, 2015, from https://www.mybis.gov.my/art/154
Report
  1. Dasgupta, S. & Vaughan, D. (2015). Final Report of the Project: Enhancing Understanding and Implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in Asia (GCP/RAS/284/JPN). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation, Regional Office for Asia and The Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand.

Acknowledgements :- Ms. Ajla Rafidah Baharom, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Noorkhalilie Binti Che Abd Aziz, Ms. Nur Asma Fatin Umirah Binti Mahmud, Ms. Nur Atirah Binti Muhamad Seharudin, Mrs. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Siti Zubaidah Binti Abdul Latif, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Photo credit :- Ajla Rafidah, N H A Halim, Nadiah Idris, Norhayati Binti Ahmad, Nurfarhana Hizan & Yasser Arifin

Species Citation :- Orthosiphon aristatus. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Accessed via https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/7911. [Retrieved 18 May 2024].

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