Native Plants

Acrostichum aureum

Coarse Swamp Fern
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
ver 3.1, 2010
LC
Least Concern
Malaysia Plant Red List
2013
QR Code
SSN 08710
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Taxonomy

The taxanomic status is pending for approval

Gallery  

Habit
Leaf
Leaf
Habitat

Description

The golden leather fern (Acrostichum aureum) is a large species of fern which also known as coarse swamp fern or piai raya in Malay. This species has glossy, broad and pinnate leaves in dark green colour. Its large fronds can grow up to 3 metres long (Huxley, 1992). The central fronds are nearly straight and do not arch over sideways like the outer fronds. The sporangia (reproductive organs) are supported by some of the larger fronds on the upper five to eight pairs of pinnae. This fern is widely distributed in Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Sri Lanka and the Philippines (Ellison et al., 2010). It can be found in brackish, inundated areas of the tropics, often in or on the habitat of mangrove swamps. It grows well in almost all light conditions, from full sun to dense shade (Medina et al., 1990).

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Terrestrial   —   An animal that lives on/near the ground or a plant that grows on/in/from land

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Marine Intertidal → Mangrove Submerged Roots
Suitable Unknown
2
Vegetation → Coastal Vegetation
Unknown Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Year Published Assessment Red List Category Version
2013 Malaysia Plant Red List
Least Concern (LC)
N/A
2010 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Least Concern (LC)
3.1

Location

by State Location
  • Johore 3
  • Kedah 1
  • Pahang 2
  • Penang 1
  • Selangor 3
  • Terengganu 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

References

Article
  1. Senterre, B., Chew, M.Y. & Chung, R.C.K. (2015). Flora and vegetation of Pulau Babi Tengah, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia. Check List: The Journal of Biodiversity Data 11 (4): pp. 1-15
  2. Julius, K. (2006). Plant diversity in Trus Madi. Sepilok Bulletin. 4: pp. 1-23
  3. Jaman, R. & Latiff, A. (1999). The Pteridophyte Flora of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 77-100
Book
  1. A Guide to Mangroves of Johor RAMSAR Sites, 2016. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM).
  2. Island Life: A Natural History of Pulau Tengah, Johor, Malaysia, 2018. WS Lifestyle, Singapore. pp. 163.
  3. Mangrove Guidebook for Malaysia, 2015. Wetlands International, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  4. Abu Bakar, Mohamed Salleh (2011). Aura Alam: Tumbuhan Hutan Paya Laut Tapak Ramsar Negeri Johor. Perbadanan Taman Negara Johor, Malaysia. pp. 158.
  5. Tangah, J. & Chung, A.Y.C. (2021). Monyet Bangkatan Di Hutan Bakau Sabah. Sabah Forestry Department. pp. 61.
  6. Go, R. (2013). Paya Indah Wetlands : The Array of Plant Life. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE), Malaysia. pp. 100.
  7. Phang, S.M., Affendi, Y.A., Ooi, J.L.S. & Haji, A.J.M. (2008). Natural History of The Pulau Tioman Group of Islands. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), University of Malaya, Malaysia. pp. 292.
  8. Noraini, T., Ruzi, A.R., Jaman, R. & Latiff, A. (2008). Ferns and Fern-allies: Taman Paku Pakis UKM, Volume 1. Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 63.
  9. Norhayati, A., Damanhuri, A., Razali, M.S., Latiff, A. & Wan Juliana, W.A (2010). Mangrove Flora of Langkawi. Pusat Penyelidikan Langkawi, Institut Alam Sekitar dan Pembangunan (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi (LADA), Malaysia. pp. 150.
  10. Shaharuddin, M.I., Azahar, M., Razani, U., Kamaruzaman, A.B., Lim, K.L., Suhaili, R., Jalil, M.S. & Latiff, A. (2005). Sustainable Management of Matang Mangroves: 100 Years and Beyond. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 531.
  11. Huxley, A., Griffiths, M. & Levy, M. (1992). The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. MacMillan Press, United States of America. pp. 1-3200.
  12. Maimon, A. (2008). Biodiversity of Sungai Pulai: Ramsar Site, Johor. Earth Observation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 97.
  13. Mohammad Khairi, A (2007). Taman Negara Pulau Pinang: Sinar Mutiara Belantara. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  14. Asyraf, M., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Shahrul Anuar, M.S. & Rahmad, Z. (2015). Pictorial Guide To The Plant and Bird Life of Byram Mangrove Forest, Penang. Penerbit USM, Malaysia. pp. 190.
  15. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  16. Nik Musa'adah, M., Nik Zanariah, N.M., Nor Azah, M.A. & Norini, H. (2017). Khazanah Perubatan Melayu: Tumbuhan Ubatan Jilid 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. xxiv, 519.
  17. Norhayati, A. & Maimon, A. (2012). Sungai Santi Forest Reserve: Mangrove Splendour of South-East Johor. Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  18. Boo, C.M., Omar-Hor, K. & Ou-Yang, C.L. (2003). 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore. National Parks Board, Singapore. pp. 501.
  19. Nilus, R., Chung, A.Y.C., Pereira, J.T., Sugau, J.B., Tangah, J., Sabra, S. & Chong, R.F.Y. (2010). Mangroves of Sabah: An Introduction to the Flora and Fauna. Sabah Forestry Department, Malaysia. pp. 151.
  20. Piggott, A.G. (1988). Ferns of Malaysia in Colour. Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 458.
  21. Parris, B.S., Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K. & Saw, L.G. (2013). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Series I:Ferns and Lycophytes, Volume 2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 1-243.
  22. Shaharuddin, M.I., Wan Yusof, W.A., Jalil, M.S., Yusoff, M. & Latiff, A. (2006). Hutan Simpan Gunung Jerai, Kedah: pengurusan, persekitaran fizikal dan kepelbagaian biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 474.
  23. Hamdan, O., Tariq Mubarak, H. & Parlan, I. (2020). Status of Mangroves in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 288.
Report
  1. Report On Habitat And Ecological Research After Wavebreaker Project At Tanjung Piai Johor National Park. Perbadanan Taman Negara (Johor), Malaysia.
Unpublish
  1. Checklist of Biodiversity of Setiu (2019)

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Amirah Hasanah Binti Mazlan, Mrs. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Ms. Fatin Qurratul 'ain Binti Saberam, Mr. Mohamad Ikhmal Husin, Mr. Mohamad Shafiq Hafizee Bin Mohd Azali, Ms. Noor Zahidah Binti Ahmad Sobri, Mrs. Noratikah Binti Ab. Manaf, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Mrs. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfadzilah Bt Azmi, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurliyana Binti Abd Rahman, Ms. Nurul Fatinizzati Binti Abd Halim, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Acrostichum aureum. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/8710. Downloaded on 27 September 2021.

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