Native Animals

Polypedates leucomystax

Disk-toed Tree Frog
LC
Least Concern
IUCN Red List
ver 3.1, 2004
QR Code
SSN 09985
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Taxonomy

  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    leucomystax (Gravenhorst, 1829)
  • Synonym
  • Common Name
  • Residential
    Native

Gallery  

Iris

Description

Polypedates leucomystax is a small to medium-sized common tree frog with head longer than broad and its tympanum distinct. The finger tips expanded into large round disks having circum-marginal grooves, its upper body grayish to yellow brown, reddish or greenish. The body is covered with four narrow, dark stripes, while the limbs is covered with dark cross-bars. The belly is whitish and there are dark spots on throat.

The measurement of snout-vent length (SV) of this species is up to 80mm. Its natural habitat is primary forests. In Ulu Muda Forest Reserve, this species can  be found along logging road, in rain puddle and in bushes by the riverbanks. This species is distributed in Brunei Darussalam, Bangladesh, India, Japan, Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. 

Habits

  Part Habit
 
Nocturnal   —   Active during the night

Habitats

No Description Suitability Seasonality
1
Artificial - Aquatic → Aquaculture Ponds
Marginal Unknown
2
Artificial - Aquatic → Irrigated Land [includes irrigation channels]
Suitable Unknown
3
Artificial - Aquatic → Ponds [below 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
4
Artificial - Aquatic → Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land
Suitable Unknown
5
Artificial - Aquatic → Water Storage Areas [over 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
6
Artificial - Terrestrial → Arable Land
Suitable Unknown
7
Artificial - Terrestrial → Pastureland
Suitable Unknown
8
Artificial - Terrestrial → Plantations
Marginal Unknown
9
Artificial - Terrestrial → Rural Gardens
Suitable Unknown
10
Artificial - Terrestrial → Urban Areas
Suitable Unknown
11
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
Suitable Unknown
12
Forest → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest
Suitable Unknown
13
Grassland → Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded Lowland Grassland
Suitable Unknown
14
Marine Coastal/Supratidal → Coastal Freshwater Lakes
Suitable Unknown
15
Shrubland → Subtropical/Tropical Moist Shrubland
Suitable Unknown
16
Wetlands → Freshwater Springs and Oases
Suitable Unknown
17
Wetlands → Permanent Freshwater Lakes [over 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
18
Wetlands → Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools [under 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
19
Wetlands → Permanent Rivers, Streams, Creeks [includes waterfalls]
Marginal Unknown
20
Wetlands → Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes [over 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
21
Wetlands → Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools [under 8 ha]
Suitable Unknown
22
Wetlands → Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers, Streams, Creeks
Marginal Unknown
References : http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes/habitats-classification-scheme-ver3

Assessment

Location

by State Location
  • Johor 6
  • Kedah 6
  • Kelantan 3
  • Pahang 4
  • Perak 3
  • Terengganu 3
  • WP Putrajaya 1
by Protected Areas Location
  • National/State Park 1
Based on publications, specimens, and images

Specimen

Collection Center Total
181

Biodiversity Experts

Profile
Amirrudin Bin Ahmad (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Fishes
  • Reptiles
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Digital Sequence Information (DSI)
  • Living Modified Organism (LMO)
  • Marine & Coastal
  • Protected Areas
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • PM
Awang Noor Abd. Ghani (Prof. Dr.)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Data Analysis
  • Economics
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Forest
  • PM
Kaviarasu Munian (Mr.)
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Fishes (Ecology)
  • PM
Lim Boo Liat (Dr.)
Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
  • Reptiles (Ecology)
  • Rodents (Ecology)
  • Amphibians (Ecology)
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystems
  • Invasive Alien Species
Mohamad Rosni Bin Othman (Dr.)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
  • Amphibians
  • Coral Reefs
  • Turtles
  • Amphibians
  • Law and Policy
  • Management
  • Marine & Coastal
  • PM
  • W
Mohd Abdul Muin Bin Md Akil (Mr.)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Amphibians
  • Birds
  • Reptiles
  • Snakes
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Molecular
  • Protected Areas
  • Climate Change
  • Invasive Alien Species
Teo Eng Wah (Dr.)
University of Malaya (UM)
  • Reptiles
  • Amphibians
  • Invasive Alien Species
PM - Peninsular Malaysia; SBH - Sabah; SWK - Sarawak; SEA - Southeast Asia; W - World;

References

Article
  1. Munisamy, B., Ahmad Lotffi, M.A. & Abd Halim, M.F. (2014). Notes on Herpetofauna in Kuala Sungai Serloh, Krau Wildlife Reserve, Pahang, Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 28: pp. 25-30
  2. Ibrahim, J., Jupin Wong, L.H., Abdullah Sani, N.Z., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Ibrahim, I.I. & Mohd Azrul Aziz, S. (2008). Amphibian Diversity in Bukit Bauk Forest, Terengganu. Proceedings of The 6th Regional IMT-GT UNINET Conference 2008. : pp. 375-378
  3. Norhayati, A., Farah, A.D., Chan, K.O., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A. & Daicus, B. (2011). An Update Of Herpetofaunal Records From Bukit Fraser, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal 40 (2): pp. 9-17
  4. Lim, B.L., Noor Alif Wira, O., Chan, K.O., Daicus, B. & Norhayati, A. (2010). An Updated Checklist of the Herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar, Langkawi, Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal 39 (1): pp. 13-23
  5. Daicus, B. & Hashim, R. (2005). Amphibians of the Lubuk Tapah and Adjacent Areas in Southwestern Endau-Rompin National Park, Johor, Malaysia. The Forests and Biodiversity of Selai Endau-Rompin. pp. 199-203
  6. Chan, K.O., Van Rooijen, J., Lee Grismer, L., Daicus, B., Jamaludin, H., Gregory, R., Norhayati, A. & Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A. (2010). First report on the herpetofauna of Pulau Pangkor, Perak, Malaysia. Russian Journal of Herpetology 17 (2): pp. 139-146 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  7. Das, I. (2006). Crocker Range National Park, Sabah, as a refuge for Borneo's montane herpetofauna. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 4 (1): pp. 3-11(e15)
  8. Ibrahim, J., Wong, J., Mohd Fazlin, M.S., Fatan, H.Y., Siti Hadijah, Y. & Norhaslinda, S. (2011). Amphibian Asemblage of Bubu Permanent Forest Reserve, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal 40 (1): pp. 1-6
  9. Lee Grismer, L., Youmans, T.M., Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. (2006). Checklist Of The Herpetofauna Of The Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia With Comments On Biogeography, Natural History, and Adaptive Types. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 54 (1): pp. 157-180
  10. Quah, E.S.H., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Nur Amira, A.R., Fatim Syakirah, M., Shahrul Anuar, M.S. & Lee Grismer, L. (2013). Species Diversity of Herpetofauna of Bukit Panchor State Park, Penang, Peninsular Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 64 (4): pp. 193-211
  11. Das, I., Jankowski, A., Makmor, M.I.B. & Haas, A. (2007). Species diversity, elevational distribution and reproductive modes in an amphibian community at the Matang Range, Sarawak (Borneo). Mitt. Hamb. Zoo. Mus. Inst. 104: pp. 141-174
  12. Ibrahim, J., Yap, C.H., Hurzaid, A. & Abu Bakar, A. (2014). Amphibian Density and Diversity in a Disturbed Habitat in Belum Temengor Forest Complex, Perak, Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 28: pp. 141-143
  13. Ibrahim, J., Awang, Z., Shahriza, S., Shahrul Anuar, M.S., Ibrahim, N.H., Hurzaid, A., Rahim, N.D.A., Min, M.A. & Ismail, A. (2012). Checklist of the Herpetofauna of Bukit Perangin Forest Reserve, Kedah, Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana 41 (6): pp. 691-696
  14. Shahriza, S., Ibrahim, J., Shahrul Anuar, M.S. & Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A. (2012). Herpetofauna of Peta Area of Endau-Rompin National Park,Johor, Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 35 (3): pp. 553-567
  15. Shahriza, S. & Ibrahim, J. (2012). The Amphibian Diversity of Bukit Jana, Taiping, Perak. Tropical Life Sciences Research (TSLR) 23 (2): pp. 49-57
  16. Sumarli, A.X., Lee Grismer, L., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Quah, E.S.H. & Shahrul Anuar, M.S. (2015). First Report on the Amphibians and Reptiles of a Remote Mountain, Gunung Tebu in Northeastern Peninsular Malaysia. Check List: The Journal of Biodiversity Data 11 (4): pp. 1679
  17. Quah, E.S.H., Shahrul Anuar, M.S., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Chan, K.O., Grismer, J.L. & Lee Grismer, L. (2011). Preliminary Checklist of the Herpetofauna of Jerejak Island, Penang, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 63 (3): pp. 595-600
  18. Lee Grismer, L., Sukumaran, J., Grismer, J.L., Youmans, T.M., Wood Jr., P.L. & Johnson, R. (2004). Report on the Herpetofauna from the Temengor Forest Reserve, Perak, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 29 (1): pp. 15-32
  19. Lim, K.K.P. & Lim, L.J. (1999). The Terrestrial Herpetofauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplements (6): pp. 131-155
  20. Nurulhuda, Z., Senawi, J., Musa, F.H., Daicus, B., Chan, K.O., Nor, S.M. & Norhayati, A. (2014). Species composition of Amphibians and Reptiles in Krau Wildlife Reserve, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Check List: Journal of Species Lists and Distribution 10 (2): pp. 335-343 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  21. Norhayati, A., Mohamad Ruzi, A.R., Senawi, J., Daicus, B. & Chan, K.O. (2008). A Checklist of Amphibians at Taman Negara Kelantan National Park, Kuala Koh, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 25: pp. 1-7
  22. Ibrahim, J., Nur Hafizah, I., Nurul Dalilah, A. R., Choimmber, T. & Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A. (2012). Amphibian Biodiversity of Gunung Inas Forest Reserve, Kedah, Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 35 (2): pp. 249-256
  23. Savage, A.E., Chan, K.O., Grismer, J.L., Quah, E.S.H., Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Norhayati, A., Lenker, M., Lee Grismer, L., Zamudio, K.R. & Shahrul Anuar, M.S. (2011). First Record of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Infecting Four Frog Families from Peninsular Malaysia. International Association for Ecology and Health (EcoHealth) 8 (1): pp. 121-128
  24. Shahriza, S., Ibrahim, J., Rahim, N.D.A. & Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A. (2011). An Annotated Checklist of the Herpetofauna of Beris Valley, Kedah, Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research (TSLR) 22 (1): pp. 13-25
  25. Mohd Abdul Muin, M.A., Quah, E.S.H., Shahrul Anuar, M.S., Azman, N.M., Shafie, N.J., Omar, M.Y., Rahmad, Z. & Asyraf, M. (2017). Annotated Checklist of Herpetofauna of Gunung Basor Forest Reserve, Pergau, Kelantan. : pp. 80-85
  26. Shahriza, S. & Ibrahim, J. (2014). A Preliminary Checklist of Amphibians of Ulu Paip Recreational Forest, Kedah, Malaysia. Check List: Journal of Species Lists and Distribution 10 (2): pp. 253-259
  27. Shahriza, S., Ibrahim, J. & Shahrul Anuar, M.S. (2013). Amphibian of Tupah Recreational Forest, Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal 42 (2): pp. 71-75
  28. Ibrahim, J., Shahrul Anuar, M.S., Norhayati, A., Nor, S.M., Shahriza, S., Nurul 'Ain, E., Nor Zalipah, M. & Rayan, D.M. (2006). An Annotated Checklist of Herpetofauna of Langkawi Island, Kedah, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 58: pp. 1-15
  29. Ibrahim, J., Hurzaid, A., Shahriza, S., Ibrahim, N.H., Awang, Z., Majid, N.A. & Zaaba, N.H.C. (2013). Updated Checklist of Amphibians of Pulau Jerejak, Penang, Peninsular Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 91: pp. 36-40
  30. Shahriza, S., Ibrahim, J. & Shahrul Anuar, M.S. (2011). The Amphibian Fauna of Lata Bukit Hijau, Kedah, Malaysia. Russian Journal of Herpetology 18 (3): pp. 221-227
  31. Sheridan, J.A. (2008). Ecology and Behavior of Polypedates leucomystax (Anura: Rhacophoridae) in Northeast Thailand. Herpetological Review 39 (2): pp. 165–169
Book
  1. Norhayati, A. & Chong, M.H.N. (2016). Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of Putrajaya Lake and Wetland. Perbadanan Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 100.
  2. Hazebroek, H.P., Adlin, T.Z. & Sinun, W. (2011). Danum Valley: The Rain Forest. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 615.
  3. Shaharuddin, M.I., Dahalan, H.T., Abdullah Sani, Shafie, Jalil, M.S., Faridah-Hanum, I. & Latiff, A. (2005). Taman Negeri Gunung Stong, Kelantan: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Biologi dan Sosio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 442.
  4. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Koh, H.L., Muhamad, A., Wan Yusof, W.K. & Latiff, A. (2011). Hutan Simpan Melaka: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Kepelbagaian Biologi dan Socio-ekonomi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 315.
  5. Shaharuddin, M.I., Che, H.H., Mohd. Puat, Dahalan, Jalil, M.S., Norhaidi, Y. & Latiff, A. (2005). Hutan Simpan Ulu Muda, Kedah: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal Dan Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 310.
  6. Lee Grismer, L. (2005). Amphibians and Reptiles of the Tioman Archipelago, Malaysia. Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 215.
  7. Maimon, A. (2008). Biodiversity of Sungai Pulai: Ramsar Site, Johor. Earth Observation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 97.
  8. Praveena, B.K. & Maria Arlene, J.A.S. (2013). Compendium of Facts and Figures. 2nd Edition. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 161.
  9. Mohammad Khairi, A (2007). Taman Negara Pulau Pinang: Sinar Mutiara Belantara. Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Malaysia. pp. 112.
  10. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Mohamed Zin, Y., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2013). Banjaran Bintang Gunung Inas, Kedah: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 245.
  11. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Ahmad Fadzil, A.M., Richard, A.M. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Gunung Besar Hantu, Negeri Sembilan: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 254.
  12. Abdul Rahman, A.R., Mohd Nasir, A.H., Azmi, N., Nor Hasliza, M.B. & Latiff, A. (2014). Hutan Simpan Gunung Tebu, Terengganu: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 343.
  13. Suhaila, A.H. & Nik Ahmad Irwan Izzauddin, N. H. (2014). Biodiversity of Gunung Ledang Mountaineering The Nature. School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia and Johor National Parks Corporation, Malaysia. pp. 165.
  14. Nee, T. A. & Nordin, N. (2018). Compendium of Facts and Figures. 3rd Edition, Volume 3. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 174.
  15. Norhayati, A., Senawi, J. & Lim, B.L. (2004). A Photographic Guide To Amphibians of Endau Rompin State Park, Pahang. Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 59.
  16. Norhayati, A. (2017). Frogs and Toads of Malaysia: Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). Penerbit UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. pp. 101. — [ eBook (EPUB) | Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  17. Ratnam, L. (1995). Windows on The Forest: Glimpses of FRIM for the Nature Loving Visitor, Issue/No. 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 143.
  18. Razani, U., Koh, H.L., Nik Mohd. Shah, N.M., Damanhuri, A. & Latiff, A. (2010). Hutan Simpan Bintang Hijau, Perak: Pengurusan Hutan, Persekitaran Fizikal dan Kepelbagaian Biologi. Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 281.
  19. Norhayati, A., Senawi, J. & Lim, B.L. (2005). A Pocket Guide: Amphibians of Ulu Muda Forest Reserve, Kedah. Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 120.
  20. Geoforest Parks: Hanging Gardens of Langkawi, 2005. Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia. pp. 117.
  21. Inger, R.F. & Stuebing, R.B. (2005). A Field Guide To The Frogs of Borneo, Second Edition. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. pp. 133, 209.
  22. Inger, R.F. & Tan, F.L. (2010). The Natural History of Amphibians and Reptiles in Sabah. Natural History Publications (Borneo). pp. 121.
  23. Malkmus, R., Mantley, U., Vogel, G., Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. (2002). Amphibians & Reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). Gantner Verlag, Germany. pp. 424.
  24. Ang, L.H., Ravinder, Kaur & Zoal Azha, Yusof (2012). Rimba Bidor: A Gift to Nature. Tin Tailings Afforestation Centre, Malaysia. pp. 108.
Chapter in book
  1. Das, I. & Norsham, S.Y. (2007). Status of Knowledge of The Malaysia Herpetofauna. In Chua, L.S.L., Kirton, L.G. & Saw, L.G. (eds.) Status of Biological Diversity in Malaysia and Threat Assessment of Plant Species in Malaysia: Proceedings of the Seminar and Workshop, 28-30 June 2005. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM). pp. 31-81.
Report
  1. Laporan Program Kajian Inventori dan Pengurusan Hidupan Liar Tahun 2017, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya. Perbadanan Putrajaya & PERHILITAN, Malaysia.
Unpublish
  1. Checklist of Biodiversity of Setiu (2019)

Acknowledgements :- Mr. Abdul Razak Mohd Nor Rasid, Mr. Ahmad Amir Firdaus Bin Mad Apandi, Ms. Aida Salihah Binti Abu Bakar, Ms. Ainul Aqilah Binti Mohd Nasir, Ms. Aziemah Binti Kinan, Mrs. Azuhaidah Binti Alias, Mr. Badrul Amin Bin Jaffar, Mrs. Hakimah Binti Jaafar, Mrs. Juriah A/p Nibong, Ms. Mira Farzana Binti Mohamad Mokhtar, Mr. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Hazan, Ms. Nor Liyana Binti Hassan, Ms. Norayuni Binti Ramlee, Ms. Norazah Binti Norddin, Prof. Dr. Norhayati Binti Ahmad, Ms. Nur Hazwanie Binti Abd Halim, Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas, Ms. Nurul Aimi Amirah Binti Mohd Zaki, Mr. Tan Kok Kiat, Mrs. Wan Roniza Binti Ismil & Mr. Yasser Mohamed Arifin

Citation :- Polypedates leucomystax. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). https://www.mybis.gov.my/sp/9985. Downloaded on 14 November 2019.

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