Hopea apiculata Symington
by Mrs. Suhaida Mustafa
Hopea apiculata Symington
by Mrs. Suhaida Mustafa

Hopea apiculata, known locally as resak melukut or giam melukut, belongs to the family Dipterocarpaceae. It is endemic to Peninsular Malaysia and is recorded in Perak from Bruas Forest Reserve (FR), Bubu FR, Manong, and Kuala Kangsar and in Kelantan from Ulu Sat FR and Bukit Yong. It inhabits lowland areas of dipterocarp forests up to 610 m altitude.

This species is a small tree with a girth rarely exceeding 1.0 m and has smooth bark. It has a short and dark bole with light patches and a few exudations of pale dammar. The buttresses are rather sharp and tend to be stilted. The thin outer bark is dark in colour while the inner bark which is about 8 mm thick and the sapwood are pale coloured and hard.

The diagnostic characters of this species reside in the leaf and fruit. The leaf resembles that of Neobalanocarpus heimii, known locally as chengal. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate in shape and are sometimes slightly unequal-sided. They have about 12 nerves and turn yellow-brown when dried. Hopea apiculata produces a small fruit with rudimentary wings and the nut is up to 2 cm long.

Hopea apiculata is of no potential value to the timber industry as the trees are too small to produce good timber. The local villagers usually harvest it for poles. According to the Malaysia Plant Red List (Chua et al., 2010), H. apiculata is categorized as Endangered (EN B1b(iii) + c(ii)) due to its restricted distribution and habitat degradation resulting from land conversion activities. Besides, no populations are known to occur in the network of Totally Protected Areas.

Resulting from this, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) in collaboration with Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia (JPSM) are now undertaking regular monitoring of the populations as the beginning of a series of conservation efforts. Hopefully with this measure populations of H. apiculata will continue to survive in the wild and are conserved for the next generation.

QR Code
Scan QR code for mobile experience

Other articles

Dermochelys coriacea Vandelli, 1761

Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas & Dr. Chen Pelf Nyok   •   31 Dec 2019   •   291 views

Chaperina fusca Mocquard 1892

Ms. Nur Aina Amira Binti Mahyudin, Mr. Kaviarasu Munian, Mr. Mohammad Shahfiz Azman, Ms. Noor Faradiana Binti Md Fauzi, Ms. Nor Hazwani Binti Ahmad Ruzman & Mrs. Nur Alwani Binti Zakaria   •   29 Nov 2019   •   269 views

Argyreia maingayi (C.B.Clarke) Hoogland

Mrs. Nadiah Idris   •   31 Oct 2019   •   308 views

Trachypithecus obscurus (Reid, 1837)

Ms. Nurfarhana Hizan Binti Hijas   •   30 Sep 2019   •   396 views

Caryota mitis Lour.

Mr. Tan Kok Kiat   •   30 Aug 2019   •   437 views
Get updates and an exclusive news when you sign up to our free newsletter.
Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)
Copyright © 2020, Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources (KATS). All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER - The Malaysian Government, and Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources (KATS) shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this website. By entering this site, you acknowledge and agree that no portion of this site, including but not limited to names, logos, trademarks, patents, sound, graphics, charts, text, audio, video, information or images are either MyBIS property or the property permitted by third-party and shall not be used without prior written approval from the owner(s).
Best viewed using latest Mozila Firefox, Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 10 with Resolution 1024 x 768px or above. Version 2.0 / 2016