An Introduction to the Land Snails and Slugs of Malaysia

QR Code
Scan QR code for mobile experience
Download QR:
  • February 2022
  • Pages
  • Publisher
    Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
  • Country
  • Language
  • ISBN
  • Authors


Land snails and slugs are the second most abundant invertebrates on land after insects. There are about 800 - 1,000 known species of land snails and slugs in Malaysia. Except for a few introduced species in the gardens around our neighbourhood, land snails and slugs have generally been overlooked by most people. There are a few reasons why most of us are not familiar with land snails and slugs despite their immense diversity in Malaysia. Firstly, almost all native land snails and slugs are found only in the vicinity of or within rainforests where habitats are less accessible to people. Second, most land snail and slug species are tiny (less than 5 mm) and their population densities in their natural habitats are very low, except on limestone karsts where they can be common. Thirdly, most information on Malaysian land snails are published as scientific papers with technical terminologies and format, which are not easily understood for non-specialist audiences such as the general public.

Therefore, we prepared this book as an accessible resource to encourage people’s understanding and appreciation of the diversity of land snails and slugs in Malaysia. To that end, we used simple language and minimised technical terminologies. The first part of the book provides a general introduction to land snails and slugs with regards to their classification, species diversity, morphology, sampling methods, ecology and conservation. The second part of the book presents a selection of common and noteworthy land snail and slug genera as well as their representative species.


Liew, T.S. & Foon, J.K. (2022). An Introduction to the Land Snails and Slugs of Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 90.

Species   161 records

by Kingdom Species
  • Animals 161
  • Total 161
by IUCN Status Species
  • Extinct 1
  • Critically Endangered 11
  • Endangered 2
  • Vulnerable 2
  • Near Threatened 3
  • Least Concern 6
  • Total 25
View all
161 records
Today, there are less than 200 Malayan tigers left in our country.
#SaveOurMalayanTiger. Visit
Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS)   by   Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC)

Copyright © 2024, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability (NRES). All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER - The Malaysian Government, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability (NRES), Malaysia Biodiversity Centre (MBC) and Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this website. By entering this site, you acknowledge and agree that no portion of this site, including but not limited to names, logos, trademarks, patents, sound, graphics, charts, text, audio, video, information or images are either MyBIS property or the property permitted by third-party and shall not be used without prior written approval from the owner(s).
Best viewed using latest Mozila Firefox, Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 10 with Resolution 1024 x 768px or above. Version 2.0 / 2016
Website Citation: MyBIS (2024). Malaysia Biodiversity Information System. Published on the Internet, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability, Malaysia Biodiversity Centre & Forest Research Institute Malaysia. [Retrieved 24 April 2024].