Aichi Biodiversity Targets 2011 - 2020

Strategic Goal C - Target 11 :

By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures

Related with Sustainable Development Goals

  1. Goal 6   —   Target 6.4
    By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
  2. Goal 6   —   Target 6.5
    By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
  3. Goal 6   —   Target 6.6
    By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
  4. Goal 11   —   Target 11.4
    Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
  5. Goal 14   —   Target 14.2
    By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
  6. Goal 14   —   Target 14.5
    By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
  7. Goal 15   —   Target 15.1
    By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  8. Goal 15   —   Target 15.4
    By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

Related with National Policy on Biological Diversity

  1. Goal 3   —   Target 6   —   Protected Areas
    By 2025, at least 20% of terrestrial areas and inland waters, and 10% of coastal and marine areas, are conserved through a representative system of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures.
  2. Goal 3   —   Target 8   —   Ecological Connectivity
    By 2025, important terrestrial and marine ecological corridors have been identified, restored and protected.

Related articles


  1. Birds and biodiversity targets: what do birds tell us about progress to the Aichi Targets and requirements for the post-2020 biodiversity framework?. BirdLife International. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Global Biodiversity Outlook 5, 2020. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. The State of the World’s Forests 2020. Forests, biodiversity and people, 2020. FAO and UNEP, Rome, Italy. pp. 214. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  4. Status of Coral Reefs in Malaysia, 2017, Malaysia. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  5. A global mismatch in the protection of multiple marine biodiversity components and ecosystem services. . — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  6. Global Wetland Outlook: State of the World’s Wetlands and their Services to People, 2018. Ramsar Convention Secretariat, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 88. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  7. Meijaard, E., Garcia-Ulloa, J, Sheil, D, Wich, S., Carlson, K.M, Juffe-Bignoli, D & Brooks, T.M (2018). Oil palm and biodiversity : a situation analysis by the IUCN Oil Palm Task Force. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 116. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  8. Tourism and Visitor Management in Protected Areas: Guidelines for sustainability, 2018. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 128. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  9. Summary for policymakers of the regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for Asia and the Pacific of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. IPBES secretariat, Bonn, Germany. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  10. IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas: Standard, Version 1.1, 2017. IUCN and World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), Gland, Switzerland. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  11. Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas: Guidelines for design and management, 2017. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 120. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  12. Ooi, J.L.S., Goh, H.C., Then, A.H.Y, Affendi, Y.A., Izarenah, M.R. & Abd Muntalib, J. (2017). Status Report on the Marine Environment of the Mersing Marine Park Island, and Indicative Proposal for a Marine Park Protected Area Network. Department of Marine Park Malaysia, Malaysia.
  13. Affendi, Y.A., Ooi, J.L.S., Yusuf, Y.B., Then, A.H.Y, Goh, H.C., Hong, C.W., Rosman, A., Izarenah, M.R. & Abd Muntalib, J. (2017). Potential new areas to be gazetted as Johor Marine Park. Department of Marine Park Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Malaysia. pp. 145.
  14. Mohd. Nasir, H., Harun, I., Samsudin, M., Tariq Mubarak, H. & Lili, T. (2016). A Guide to Mangroves of Johor RAMSAR Sites. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysia. pp. 119.
  15. Mulongoy, K.J. & Gidda, S.B. (2008). The Value of Nature: Ecological, Economic, Cultural and Social Benefits of Protected Areas. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada. pp. 30. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  16. Expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity, 2004. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada. pp. 22. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  17. Programme of Work on Protected Areas (CBD Programmes of Work), 2004. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada. pp. 31. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  18. Action Plan For The Sustainable Ocean Initiative (2015-2020). Sustainable Ocean Initiative Global Partnership Meeting, South Korea. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
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